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George S. Caird ~ b. 1854 ~ Born in Kincardineshire, Scotland. In Scotland he learned the trade of marble and stone cutting and was employed in various jobs in Scotland. In 1882, he came to Lake View Township, Cook County, Illinois and was employed by J. H. Anderson. Caird became the general manager for J. H. Anderson who was a dealer in marble at Rosehill. He married Miss Catharine Kay of Scotland and they had three children, James, Maggie J. and George S., Jr.

James Caird ~ Died August 1, 1897; buried at Rosehill Cemetery, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

Dr. Graham Cairns-Smith ~ A Glasgow University scientist, he originated the "clay life" hypothesis in the 1960's, proposing that life originated in clay rather than in the sea. Discoveries by scientists in California in 1985 proved that clay has the capacity to store and transfer energy, lending support to the theory.14

Alexander Calder ~ 1898-1976 ~ Son of Alexander Sterling and grand-son of Alexander Milne Calder, he has been described as "the outstanding creative mind of the 20th century" and "the most acclaimed American artist." As the originator of the mobile, Alexander was the only artist in this century to create and practice his own art form.14

Alexander Milne Calder ~ b. 1846 ~ Born in Aberdeen, he began life as a gardener, studying with Alexander Brodie and John Rhind in London and Paris. He immigrated to Philadelphia in 1868, where he created the statue of William Penn atop the city's famous city hall in 1894. Standing some 500 feet above the city's streets, the statue is 37 feet high, weighs 26 tons, and is the largest on a building anywhere.14,17

Alexander Sterling Calder ~ b. 1870 in Philadelphia and the son of Alexander Milne Calder, he designed the Logan Square fountain in Philadelphia. He also sculpted the statue of Washington, as a statesman, for the Washington Arch on Fifth Avenue in New York City. He was acting chief of the Department of Sculpture, Panama-Pacific Exposition, San Francisco (1913-15).14,17

Iain Calder ~ Native Scott, president and editor of the sensational National Enquirer, which he built into what is claimed as the largest circulation of any paper in America. Calder moved the National Enquirer from New York to Lantana, Florida. Soon many sun-starved Scots followed him, creating an entire sensational tabloid industry, in Palm Beach County run largely by expatriate Britons.14

Erskine Caldwell ~ Author of Tobacco Road and God's Little Acre, which introduced the poor white southerner to the world. Caldwell was the son of a Presbyterian minister and said that he was "of Scottish and Scotch-Irish descent with a touch of English to make the whole thing authentic.".14

James Caldwell ~ 1734-81, soldier parson of the Revolution, was of Scots parentage or descent. Finding the Revolutionary soldiers short of wadding he distributed the church hymn books among them, with the exhortation, "Now, boys, put Watts into them."17,1

John E. Caldwell ~ son of James Caldwell b. 1734, was one of the founders of the American Bible Society.17

Joseph Caldwell ~ 1773-1835 was Founder and President of the University of North Carolina.17

Peter Caldwell ~ Settled in Scotch Grove, IL 1842.6

Taylor Caldwell ~ A prolific writer, she claimed descent from Mary Queen of Scots.14

Tod R. Caldwelll ~ 1818-74, fortieth Governor North Carolina (1871-74), was of direct Scottish descent.17

John Caldwell Calhoun ~ 1782-1850 ~ Vice President under John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson and was a product of the famous 'log colleges'. He was brought up in the Abbeville District of SC before going to Yale, graduating in 1804. His father was a farmer and slave-owner and Calhoun was a defender of slave-holding states. After being admitted to the bar, he married into the aristocracy of SC and entered politics where he served for the rest of his life. He served as Secretary of War in 1817 and Secretary of State and signed the treaty which annexed Texas and made protection of slavery the chief reason for its acquisition. Later, Calhoun opposed the Wilmot Proviso and the admission of California with a constitution prohibition slavery. He argued that the nation was a confederation of sovereign states and that if the Federal Government ignored the rights of the minority of the states, this minority could secede through exercise of its sovereign rights, or could nullify Federal laws. His hopes for the presidency were dashed in 1829 by the tremendous popularity of Andrew Jackson. His wife caused the biggest political scandal of the century by causing the social ostracism of innkeeper's daughter Peggy O'Neale who had married a Tennessee senator. He died in 1850 shortly after suggesting that the South should withdraw from the Union.1,5,14,17

William J. Calhoun ~ d. 1916 ~ Born in Pittsburgh, PA, the son of a member of the Scottish Clan of Colquhon. They are of ancient lineage. One sect of the clan moved to Ulster where the name was spelled Calhoun. John Knox was his great-grandfather. His parents were Robert and Sarah (Knox) Calhoun. He enlisted in the Ohio Volunteer infantry at the age of 16 and when the Civil War ended, he moved to Illinois where he worked on a farm, taught school, studied law and became an attorney in Danville. He was elected to the legislature in 1882. Two years later he was elected State's Attorney for Vermilion County. In 1892, he was chosen general attorney for the Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad. Having been acquainted with President McKinley in his youth he as active in bringing about his nomination is 1896. From 1907-13 he served as Minister to China.6

James Callaghan ~ Western-history author.1

William Callard ~ Died January 9, 1892; Buried Rosehill Cemetery, Section E, Chicago, IL by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

James Thompson Callender ~ 1758-1806 ~ His radical views forced him to immigrate in 1793. He impressed the founding fathers, in particular Thomas Jefferson, who commissioned him to write tracts and papers. He never made the grade in politics and became a professional libeler and blackmailer, who took cash and persistently libeled the founding fathers, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. a severe critic of the administration of John Adams, founded the Richmond Recorder, predecessor of the Richmond Enquirer. He launched 'yellow journalism' and drowned while drunk.1,17

Walter Callender ~ b. 1834 ~ born in Stirling, he was founder of the firm of Callender, McAuslan and Troup, of Providence.17

Samuel Calvin ~ 1840-1911, Professor of Geology in the University of Iowa, born in Wigtownshire.17

William Camackhell ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

James Camell ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Neile Camell ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

A. C. Cameron ~ Director of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society in 1891 and was chosen to be on a committee for design of the Burns Memorial.

Alexander Cameron ~ b. 1834 ~ Grantown-on-Spey, he had an extensive share in the tobacco business with four large branch factories in Australia.17

Alexander Cameron ~ Father William Allan Cameron.11

Alexander Sebastian Cameron ~ 1891-1978 ~ Born 4/17/1891, Gladstone, Manitoba, died 7/29/1978, Park Ridge, IL. He was President of The Cameron Heartometer Corporation in Chicago. He resided in the Chicago area from 1917 until the time of his death. Illinois St. Andrew Society Member? (info from Tom Cameron, grandson, and Illinois St. Andrew Society Member.)

Archibald Cameron ~ b. 1813 ~ Born in Lismore, Argyllshire. He came to America in 1842 and settled in Charleston, S.C. starting a machine shop called the Phoenix Iron Works. Steam Engines for fire fighting were made in his shop but the legislature refused to grant him permission to use it saying it would destroy the esprit de corps among the volunteers. On December 11, 1861, a fire broke out and threatened the entire city when the volunteers couldn't put out the blaze. The fire engine was finally called into service after the flames cut a swathe of destruction a mile long by 250 yards wide.1

Archibald Cameron ~ Lochaber-born circuit-rider was brought up by his brother in Nelson Co. KY. He was ordained in 1796 and his 40 year ministry left an indelible mark on the state. He spent most of his life on a horse crossing and re-crossing the Salt River to organize new churches and encourage struggling congregations.1

Charles Cameron ~ 1740-1812 ~ He designed, in spectacular fashion, the Great Palace of Pavlosk and the interior of the Summer Palace in Russia for Catherine the Great. Some of Cameron's genius survived the ravages of WWII.14

Colin & Brewster Cameron ~ Ranchers in Arizona mid?-late 1800's. The brothers named their property Lochiel, after the Cameron homeland in Scotland, but the boundaries of the old land grant had never been properly determined. It took ten years for the brothers to fight in court and out for title to the land. They developed a prize-winning herd of Herefords and built two beautiful homes, one in the San Rafael Valley, called Lochiel, and the other in Tucson, called Lochaber.1

Colin Cameron ~ Father Ossian Cameron.11

Daniel Cameron ~ Father Daniel Ross Cameron.11

Daniel Cameron ~ 1828-1879 ~ He was born in Berwick-Upon-Tweed, April 13, 1828, and was a descendent of the Camerons who lost at Culloden in 1746. His father was a publisher. Daniel Cameron came to America in 1851 with his entire family and settled near Wheeling in Cook County near Chicago. In 1853, he moved to Chicago and was associated with several newspapers. He joined in a partnership with Cyrus Hall McCormick to publish the Herald and later the Times, both conservative democratic newspapers. He was a close personal friend of Stephen Douglas and upon the death of Mr. Douglas entered the Army. He raised the 65th Illinois Infantry known as the "Scotch Regiment" and was composed exclusively of men from Chicago and Cook County. "The Glengarry Guards," a private military and marching unit of Scots, comprised Company "H" of the Sixty Fifth. He was the commander of Camp Douglas from early spring of 1862 until June of the same year. He was then ordered to join the Army of the Potomac and the defense of Washington. During the Atlanta campaign, he commanded his old brigade having received a commission as brigadier-general. At the close of that campaign he retired from active service. He then became involved in politics and supported Horace Greeley for president. In 1870, he was delegate to the Constitutional Convention for Illinois. He later retired to his farm, seventeen miles northwest of Chicago where he died April 24, 1879 at the age of fifty. He is buried in Oakridge Cemetery, Northfield. He was married to Mary Ann Ward of Berwich-Upon-Tweed, in 1850. They had a family of twelve children. He was president of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society in 1862, the same year he commanded Camp Douglas. He was President of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society in 1877 and 1878.

Daniel Ross Cameron ~ b. 1836 ~ Stationer/printer/blank book mfr. Born Summerstown, Ontario; son Daniel and Isabella (Ross) Cameron; ed. Common school, Summerstown and high school, Williamstown, Ontario. Went to Ft. Covington NY; clerked for Manning & Tuthill, general merchants, for five years; then formed partnership with Mr. Ware, under the name of Ware & Cameron, general merchants; sold out and came to Chicago 1863. In employ of Culver, Page & Joyne, stationers and printers 1865-70; then, with W. A. Amberg, he formed the present firm of Cameron, Amberg & Co. Was for 6 years mem. Cook Co. Board of Edn., and since 1889 member Chicago Board of Edn, of which has been twice Pres and has been chmn of nearly all coms (is oldest mem on board in years of service.) Democrat. Mason (K.T. Shriner). Episcopalian; senior warden St. Andrew's Church; mem St. Andrew's Soc (ex-pres in 1893 and mem. for 40 years) Club: Chicago Athletic (one of its first members). Winter Residence: Altadena CA. Office 17 W. Lake St.11

Dwight F. Cameron, Jr. ~ child Dwight Foster Cameron.

Dwight Foster Cameron ~ b. 7/28/1834 ~ Lawyer. Member Illinois St. Andrew Society 1910. Born Stockbridge, Madison Co., NY; son John and Isabella (Minzie) (McGregor) Cameron (both natives of Perthshire, Scotland); ed dist. schools and Peterborough Acad., NY; moved to Ottawa IL in 1854, his parents following him in 1855; studied law at Ottawa with the law firm of Glover & Cook; admitted to Ill bar 1856. Married 1856 Fannie E., daughter of George H. Norris, of Ottawa, IL (She died in 1904); children: George H. (Maj. 4th US Cav.), Mary Gertrude (wife of Williston Fish), Dwight F., Jr.; married 2nd, 1907, Elizabeth F., daughter of the late Ex-Mayor Colvin, of Chicago. Studied and practiced law at Ottawa, IL 1856-70 with law firm of Glover and Cook. He was one of the builders of the Fox River Valley R.R., running from Streator to Geneva, IL; has resided and been engaged in steam railroad, dir. of the Hammond, Whiting and East Chicago Electric Ry. Co., and real estate business in Chicago since 1870; former pres. South Chicago City St. Ry. Member St. Andrew's Soc. Club: Washington Park. Republican. Office: First Nat. Bank Building. Residence: 5014 Madison Ave.11, 20

Ewan Cameron ~ the first of his clan in the Lone Star State, he was a rancher. He hired young men to gather in cattle abandoned during the Texas Revolution.1

Florence W. Cameron ~ Child Peter F./Mary A. Cameron.11

George H. Cameron ~ child Dwight Foster Cameron. Major 4th US Cavalry.11

Gilbert Cameron ~ d. 1866 ~ a native of Greenock and builder of the world famed Smithsonian Institution in Washington. Scottish stone-masons were largely employed in the construction of many of the most important buildings in the country, such as the Metropolitan Museum and Tombs in New York, the Capitol in Albany, the State House in Boston, the City Hall in Chicago, etc.14,17

James Cameron ~ His grandfather fought at Culloden. James was a colonel in the early years of the Civil War, but was killed at the first battle of Bull Run.1

James Cameron ~ Born in Canada, he was the director of The Terminator (1984), Aliens (1986), and Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991), which together grossed over $300 million. In 1992 Cameron signed a unique $500 million contract with 20th Century Fox.14

James Cameron ~ Chosen as Britain's Journalist of the Year and Foreign Correspondent of the Decade in 1965.14

James Cameron ~ brother of Simon, was Colonel of the New York Volunteers, the 79th Highlanders, in the Civil War.17

James Donald Cameron ~ b. 1833, son of Simon Cameron, was President of the Northern Central Railroad of Pennsylvania (1863-74, Secretary of War under General Grant, and Senator from Pennsylvania.17

John Cameron ~ Father Peter Ferguson Cameron & Dwight Foster Cameron.11 a native of Perth, Scotland, was elected a member of the Society in 1871.

Lovett Cameron ~ In 1875, he became the first man to cross equatorial Africa from sea to sea.14

Mary A. Cameron ~ - Child Peter F./Mary A. Cameron/Dwight F.11

Ossian Cameron ~ b. 1868 ~ Lawyer/Member Illinois St. Andrew Society 1910. Born Montreal, Canada; son Colin and Annie (Munro) Cameron; ed. St. Louis pub. schools 1876-84; LL.B., Chicago Coll of Law (Lake Forest Univ.), 1893; married Rosamond M. Gilbertz of Chicago 1910. Admitted to Il bar 1893. Member Chicago Bar Assn. Republican. Mason, K.T., Shriner. Club: Ridgeway. Author: Illinois Criminal Law and Practice 1898; city and Village Laws, 1904; revised and enlarged Jones' and Binmore's General Legal Forms and Precedents 1902. Residence: 5444 Prairie Av. Office: 1109 Stock Exchange Bldg.11

Peter F. Cameron ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born Glasgow, Scotland

Peter Ferguson Cameron ~ b. Feb. 7, 1859 ~ Insurance. b. Glasgow, Scotland, Member Illinois St. Andrew Society 1910.; son John and Mary (Ferguson) Cameron; ed. Hyde Park High School; married Cincinnati, O., 1889, Mary A. Wynne; Children: Mary A., Florence W. Began in Chicago branch office of the Northwestern Nat. Fire Ins. Co. of Milwaukee 1876-88; with Fred S. James & Co., 1888-92; established firm of P. F. Cameron & Co., 1892, agents for Niagara Fire Ins. Co. of New York. Democrat. Presbyterian. Mem. St. Andrew's Soc., Royal Arcanum, Nat. Union. Club: Homewood. Recreations: flower gardening and other outdoor diversions. Residence: 5748 Washington Av. Office: 29 S. LaSalle St. (Office in 1905: 189 LaSalle St.)11,20 (Same as Peter F?)

Robert Cameron ~ Died July 16, 1907; buried Rosehill Cemetery, Section E, Chicago, IL by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

Robert K. Cameron ~ New Member of the Illinois St. Andrew Society reported 4/4/40.

Simon Cameron ~ 1799-1889, grandson of a Cameron who fought at Culloden. His ancestor emigrated to America soon after the '45 and fought tinder Wolfe against the French at Quebec. Simon Cameron was also for a time Secretary of War in Lincoln's Cabinet and Minister to Russia. He named his residence at Harrisburg "Lochiel."17

William Allan Cameron ~ b. 1876 ~ Born in Detroit, MI. Son of Alexander and Sarah Kathleen (Saunders) Cameron; ed. public school, and St. Paul's School, Detroit. He started in business in 1894 with Kellogg-Mackay-Cameron Company, manufacturers of boilers, steam radiators and jobbers of heating and steam fittings and supplies. He advanced through several positions to become Treasurer and director. He organized the Cameron-Schroth-Cameron Company in 1902 serving as President; dir. Federal Boiler & Supply Co., Union Town Acme Radiator Co. Republican. Clubs: Chicago Athletic, Chicago Yacht, Exmoor, Fox Lake Yacht, Midlothian. Residence: 421 Barry Av. Residence shown in Reference 12 is 3914 Sheridan Road. Office: Corner Rush & Michigan Sts.2,11,12

William Cameron ~ Born in Blairgowrie, he made his fortune as the rail network developed after the Civil War, eventually owning 60 retail lumber yards in Texas.1

William Cameron ~ Surveyor who in 1885 first charted the Cameron Highlands in Malaysia. The oldest hill station is Maxwell's Hill and Fraser's Hill is just south. Kuala Lumpus still has a St. Andrew's Society.14

William Cameron ~ He was born in Scotland, and lived there until he served his apprenticeship as a machinist. He then came to Chicago in 1897. Mr. Cameron was a recognized authority in the manufacture of high-speed automatic can manufacturing machinery. He held patents to numerous developments in the mechanical engineering field. His greatest development was the invention of the air tester which separates the perfect cans from faulty ones at a speed of 300 per minute. Although always prominent in the activities of Scots, he never was interested in Golf. Aside from his professional activities his main interest was concentrated on game bird growing on a 1,300 acre preserve he maintained in Indiana. Mr. Cameron, was a past chief of Clan Campbell, and held numerous offices in the Masonic Lodge. He lived at 824 Bonnie Brae, River Forest, Illinois. He was survived by his wife and four children, Allan, William, Jean and Kenneth. Funeral services were held in the River Forest First Presbyterian Church with internment at Forest Home Cemetery. The cause of death was pneumonia. He was at home at the time of death. At the time of his death he was owner and president of the Cameron Can Machine Company. They had offices in Paris, London, Hong Kong and New York, and had agents all over the world. Mr. Cameron served one term as President of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society in 1934. He died before completing his term as President. He had failed to place the Scottish Home in his will, but his family came with a memorial to honor their father. His son, Allan M. Cameron, presented the Board of Governors with a check for ten thousand dollars. It was the miracle needed for the Home to survive the difficult years of the Great Depression.

William Ewan Cameron ~ thirty-sixth Governor of Virginia (1882-86) descended from the Rev. John Cameron, a graduate of Aberdeen University, who came to America, c. 1770.17

William John Cameron ~ 1879-1953 ~ Born 8/17/1879, Gladstone, Manitoba, died 9/28/1953. He was living in Chicago from about 1914 until his death. Will was the President of Cameron's Surgical Specialty Company in Chicago and achieved a bit of fame for his African big game safari/medical expedition from Cape Town to the Belgian Congo in 1928. Illinois St. Andrew Society Member?(Info from his great nephew and Illinois St. Andrew Society Member, Tom Cameron.

Alexander Campbell ~ 1786-1866, founder of the Campbellites, was born in Antrim of Scots ancestry.17

Alexander Fergus Campbell ~ b. May 20, 1852 ~ Agent Chicago Underwriter's Assn. Member Illinois St. Andrew Society 1910. Born Westmoreland Co., Pa.; son Mungo D. and Mary Ann (Mabon) Campbell; ed public schools of Monmouth IL; married Oquawka Ill. March 25, 1885, Carrie S. Graham. Learned the moulder's trade in a foundry at Monmouth IL, beginning at the age of 13 and remaining 2 years; then was for 5 years clerk in the post office at Monmouth IL, and after that in ry. mail service on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy R.R. for 13 years; came to Chicago in 1888 and was in charge of the circulating dept of the Chicago Times until 1893 when entered police dept of Chicago and served as sec. and capt. until 1899; inspector of police in charge of North Side 1899-1904; since February 1, 1904, agent for Chicago Underwriters' Assn. Republican. Mem. St. Andrew's Soc. Club: Illinois. Recreations: baseball and other athletic sports. Residence: 3504 Jackson Blvd. (Residence in 1905: 81 Warren Av.) Office: 29 S. LaSalle St.11, 20

Almira Campbell ~ b. 2 June 1838, d. 20 July 1912 ~ daughter of Heman and Sophia (Crampton) Campbell. Almira m. (1) 30 Dec. 1856 in Winnebago Co., IL, Charles F. Manning who d. in 1864. Married (2) Joseph Silas Davis 2 June 1870 in Winnebago Co., IL.19

Andrew Campbell ~ 1821-90 was the inventor of many improvements in printing machinery, and of a long series of devices comprising labor-saving machinery relating to hat manufacture, steam-engines, machinists' tools, lithographic and printing machinery, and electrical appliances.17

Archibald Campbell ~ Scottish sailor who arrived in Hawaii in 1809 and stayed to become King Kamehameha's sail maker. He was probably the first teacher in the islands and wrote an English-Hawaiian vocabulary.14

Archibald Campbell ~ Tutor of James Madison.14

Clarence Sutherland Campbell ~ 1905-1984 ~ He was a Rhodes scholar who wore the kilt on occasion and served as a prosecutor of Nazis as Nuremburg. Campbell was president of the National Hockey League from 1946 to 1977, the longest reign in any professional sport. During his tenure, he supervised the league's expansion from six to eighteen teams.14

Colin Campbell ~ He fled his creditors in Britain was the cofounder with Niklas Sahlgren, of the Swedish East India company, which was begun in 1730. Campbell accompanied the first ship to China and brought back enormous wealth both to Goteborg, Sweden, and himself before his death in 1757.14

Daniel Alex. Campbell ~ b. 1863 ~ Postmaster/Lawyer. Born Elgin, IL; ed. high schools, Winnebago Co., Il. and in law at Union College of Law, Chicago. Admitted to bar 1886. Mem. 38th General Assembly of IL; postmaster of Chicago since 1907. Mem. Chicago Bar Assn. He was elected First V.P. of theIllinois St. Andrew Society in 1912. Republican. Residence: 1209 Washington Blvd. Office: 358 Federal Bldg.11

David Campbell ~ 1779-1859, twenty-first Governor of Virginia (1837-40), was of Scottish descent on both sides.17

Donald A. Campbell ~ b. Apr. 27, 1855 ~ Broker; b. Mariposa Twp., Can., s. John and Effie (Sinclair) Campbell; ed. public school; m. New Orleans, July 22, 1886, Mary Hamilton Strobhart. At age of 12 years became clerk in general store at Port Parry, 3 years; with wholesale dry goods firm of Hughes Bros., Toronto, 1 year and with a Toronto Wholesale grocery firm for 3 years; came to Chicago, 1876, and was cashier and office mgr.; then with Locke, Huleath & Co., as mgr. of their credit dept.; became a broker in stocks and bonds, establishing firm of Donald A. Campbell & Co., in 1901. Independent in politics. Episcopalian. Mem. St. Andrews Soc., Royal Arcanum. Office 108 LaSalle St. Residence: 616 W. 57th Pl., Englewood.20

Donald Malcolm Campbell ~ 1921-1967 ~ Son of Sir Malcolm Campbell, he set land records for speed at 403 mph in 1964. In addition, he set water speed records at 260 mph in 1959.14 Campbell, Douglas ~ The first American-Trained air ace in World War I who shot down a German airplane on his first day of combat, just a year after he had left Harvard.14

Duncan Campbell ~ Black Watch officer at Ticonderoga. In Scotland he had given sanctuary to the killer of his cousin. His cousin's ghost appeared to Campbell and told him that they would meet again at Ticonderoga. Years passed. When Campbell discovered that the Indian name for the marshy peninsula in Essex County NY was Ticonderoga, he was horrified and knew he was going to die. He was grazed in the arm, but infection set in and his arm was amputated. He died 9 days later. It is said that this infamous battle in all its gory detail was seen by three independent witnesses in the sky above Inverrary Castle, Argyll at the same hour as the battle happened. Some Scottish societies in the US and Canada still observe July 8 as Ticonderoga Day.1

Duncan Campbell ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born Paisley, Scotland

Duncan Campbell ~ Died May 11, 1900; Buried Rosehill Cemetery, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

Duncan H. Campbell ~ b. 1827 ~ Born in Greenock, he invented the pegging and stitching machines for sewing uppers on shoes and revolutionized the industry.1 He settled in Boston and in addition to the pegging and stitching machine invented a lock-stitch machine, a machine for using waxed threads and a machine for covering buttons with cloth and laid the foundation of New England's pre-eminence in shoe manufacturing.17

Ffyona Campbell ~ In 1994, she completed an 11 year, 20,000 mile walk, starting and finishing in Scotland and became the first woman to walk around the world.14

George Washington Campbell ~ 1768-1848, Secretary (1814), was also Minister to Russia (1810-20).17

Glen Campbell ~ d. 1997 ~ Was proud of his Scottish ancestry and has occasionally appeared on television in the kilt. He died piloting an experimental aircraft over Monterey, California.14

Harriet L. Campbell ~ daughter of Heman Campbell, b. 25 Apr. 1840, d. 12 Jan. 1918, m. 23 Dec. 1860 Jacob Davis in Winnebago Co., IL.19

Helen Stuart Campbell ~ b. July 4, 1839. d. July 22, 1918 ~ Author, reformer, home economist. See Women, Notable in personal files.

Hugh Campbell ~ A Scot, an Attorney-at-law in Norfolk county, Virginia, in 1691, deeded two hundred acres of land in each of the counties of Norfolk, Isle of Wight, and Nansemond, for free schools.17,1

Hugh Campbell ~ Died September 4, 1870; buried Rosehill, Sec. D, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society

James Campbell ~ 1812-93, of Ulster Scot parentage, Postmaster-General in the cabinet of President Pierce, made a record by reducing the rate of postage and introducing the registry system.17John Campbell ~ 1653-1728 The first newspaper printed in North America, The Boston News-Letter for April 24, 1704, was published by a Scot, bookseller and postmaster of Boston.17

James Campbell ~ 1826-1900 ~ kimo-ona-milliona, or James the Millionaire was born in Londonderry of Scotch-Irish parentage. He was a leading figure in the development of the sugar cane industry in Hawaii and brought in the first artesian well there. During his career, he talked cannibals out of eating him and San Francisco kidnappers out of shooting him.14

James Campbell ~ Contemporary Scottish author.14

James E. Campbell ~ b. 1843 ~ Governor of Ohio (1890-92) and was previously a member of congress.17

James E. Campbell ~ b. 1843, Governor of Ohio (1890-92), was previously Member of Congress.17

James Hepburn Campbell ~ 1820-95 Member of Congress and Minister to Sweden and Norway (1864-67).17

James L. Campbell ~ Member of Clan Campbell and Member of the Robert Burns Memorial and Monument Committee.

James M. Campbell ~ Leading citizen in Macomb, IL.6

Jane Campbell ~ Died September 25, 1895; buried Rosehill, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

John Campbell (Earl of Loudon) ~ Governor of Virginia 1756-1758.14

John A. Campbell ~ was the first governor of Wyoming. He was an Ohio-born brigadier-general from the Civil War. He selected Cheyenne as the state capital and immediately launched into a series of far-sighted legislative matters, particularly in relation to women's rights. Wyoming enacted women's suffrage in 1869.1

John Archibald Campbell ~ 1811-89, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (1853-61), was Assistant Secretary of War in the Confederate Cabinet, and in 1865 took part in the "Hampton Roads Conference."17

John Campbell ~ Played the melodian for scotch quadrille, scottische, hiland fling and other folk dances'. Was in 'Little Scotland' on the East Fork of the Wind River, WY.1

John Campbell ~ 1653-1728 ~ Started The Boston News-Letter 4/24/1704.1

John Campbell ~ Laid out the first streets of Pittsburgh.14

John Campbell ~ In April 1704, he was the postmaster of Boston and a native of Islay, published the first issue of the first regular newspaper in America, the Boston Newsletter.14

John Campbell ~ Edinburgh-born. He was a farmer who took possession of all the land he could afford to have surveyed. He blazed trees around the perimeter or cut his name in the bark of the trees. It had no legal validity but was widely accepted.1

John Campbell ~ 1766-1840 ~ A minister discovered the source of the Limpopo River in Africa.14

John Campbell ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Joined 1853. Born Monzie, Scotland

John Campbell ~ Scot and devout Presbyterian in Winnebago Co. IL was one of the "Regulators" to put a stop to the operation of thieves.6

Joseph Campbell ~ Creator of Campbell Soups, he was born in 1817 in Bridgeton, New Jersey, to James and Hannah Campbell, two strict Presbyterians. The Campbell plant at Camden, New Jersey, was at one time unquestionably the greatest industrial canning plant in the world.14

Joseph Campbell ~ 1904-1987 ~ He was one of the world's foremost experts on mythology and folklore. A prolific author, he became famous just after his death when the Public Broadcasting System aired six programs featuring discussions with him that had been taped before he died. He was an American of Scottish and Irish ancestry.14

Laughlan Campbell ~ Captain From the Island of Islay. He took 83 families from Scotland to America. They were offered 1,000 acres of land to every adult person, and to every child who paid passage 500 acres. He needed to bring 500 persons for the offer to be arranged. Four hundred seventy-two persons were brought to the new world, but the authorities, for various reasons, changed their plans. Ruined by the expense, Captain Campbell died. His sons, along with Alexander McNaughton, persisted in their demands and in 1764 succeeded in securing a grant for 47,450 acres known as the Argyle Patent, in the township of Argyle and in parts of the towns of Fort Edward, Greenwich and Salem in Washington County, NY.1

Lewis Davis Campbell ~ 1811-82, Chairman Ways and Means Committee in the thirty-fourth Congress, was United States Minister to Mexico.17

Sir Malcolm Campbell ~ 1885-1948 ~ He set land records for speed at 146 mph in 1924. In addition, he set water speed records at 129 mph in 1937. (See Donald Malcolm Campbell, his son).14

Lord Neil Campbell ~ son of the ninth Earl of Argyll, was appointed Governor of New Jersey in 1687, but meddled little in the affairs of the colony.17

Martha Campbell ~ first teacher in New Salem Township, IL.6

Mungo D. Campbell ~ Father, Alex. Fergus Campbell.11

Neil Campbell ~ Governor of New Jersey in 1686 to 1687.14

NFN Campbell ~ Passed through or settled in Fort Payne, Alabama. The First Campbell was a government agent with instructions to arrange the removal of the local Indians to the Oklahoma reservations along the Trail of Tears.1

Peter Campbell ~ He and his family left Scotland after the close of the Civil War to seek their fortune in Nebraska. The family father, mother, four sisters and three brothers, built a one-room house covered with sod some ten miles from the present day town of Grand Island. The hard winter of 1865-66 saw Mrs. Campbell die. Peter and his eldest son, J. R., went to help their neighbors harvest the crops when they learned that Indians had raided. At their farm, two of Peter's nieces, aged 17 and 19 and twin boys aged 4 had been carried away. A search showed a sighting of the children at a camp of Oglala Sioux in Southeastern Colorado. The government is said to have paid $4,000 for their release.1

Robert Campbell ~ Scottish engraver.17

Sarah A. Campbell ~ Died January 3, 1882; buried Rosehill, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

Thomas Campbell ~ b. in the Lothians but moved to Lanarkshire with the opening of the collieries and married in 1844. With his wife, Elisabeth, he left for Saline in Fife after the death of his first child. It was at Dunfermline, 1848, they became Mormons. Between 1847 and 1851 five children were born and they moved to Bo'ness and lived in a single room with Thomas's mother. By March 1864 they had drifted on to Bathgate where eight of their 13 children died of smallpox. In 1866, Thomas and his family left for America. After two years in Pennsylvania they were next found in Salt Lake City. He was crushed working in the quarry for the temple and died soon after. His wife struggled doing washing for other people.1

Thomas Mitchell Campbell ~ twenty-third Governor of Texas, was of Scottish descent.17

William Bowen Campbell ~ 1807-67, sixteenth Governor of Tennessee (1851-53), was of Scottish descent.17

Lord William Campbell ~ Colonel of the patriots in the Revolutionary War. Fought in the Battle of King's Mountain 10/7/1780. He was governor of South Carolina 1775.1,14,17

William Campbell ~ Date of death not recorded; buried Rosehill, Sec. D, Chicago, IL by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

William Harrison Campbell ~ 1846-1906 The originator of the duplex system in the manufacture of railroad tickets was of Scottish parentage.17

William J. Campbell ~ of Chicago and Riverside was a State Senator. Under Governor John M. Hamilton was President of the State Senate and Lieutenant-Governor. Prominent Lawyer and member of the National Committee from IL of his party.6

William Wallace Campbell ~ b. 1862, of Scottish ancestry, has been Director of Lick Observatory since 1901, and has written much on astronomy (in 1921).17

William Wallace Campbell ~ 1806-81, great-grandson of an Ulster Scot, was distinguished as a jurist and as a historian of New York State. He was author of Annals of Tryon County (1831), Border Warfare of New York (1849), Life and Writings of De Witt Clinton (1849), etc. During a visit to Scotland in 1848 he was elected an honorary member of the Clan Campbell at a great gathering at Inveraray.17

James Candlish ~ Blacksmith from Rawlings.1

John Cannell ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Annie Jump Cannon ~ b. Dec. 11, 1863. d. April 13, 1941 ~ Astronomer. See personal files. Women, Notable.

George Cantlie ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born Aberdeen, Scotland

Ronald Carey ~ Former truck driver who became president of the 1.5 million member Teamsters Union, America's largest, in 1992. He was of Scottish, Irish, French and American Indian ancestry.14

Joan Carfrae ~ Mother William Allan Pinkerton.11

Andrew Cargill ~ Descendant of three Scots brothers who came to America in 1725, recorded his experiences of blockade-running from Cuba. He had strong Confederate sympathies. He secured passage on the blockade-runner, The Ptarmigan, to bring out cotton. They ended up in Galveston, TX instead of Cuba.1

Andrew Hays Cargill ~ Witnessed the Cap Grant Massacre after the fact. Was appointed Secretary of the Grand Jury. He was hanged in effigy for pressing the case against Will Oury and others. They were acquitted. See Will Oury.1

John Cargill ~ Died July 11, 1887; buried Rosehill, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

William Wallace Cargill ~ He founded Cargill, Inc., rated as America's largest private company. Over 30 members of the Cargill and MacMillan families own the $47 billion agribusiness giant which handles 25% of America's grain exports, among many other activities. Cargill has 600 plants and 40,000 employees in 40 countries.14

Caribou Jack ~ half Indian and half Scot ~ miner at Rocky Bar Idaho in 1861.1

John Carlyle ~ b. 1720 ~ Born at Annan, in Dumfriesshire. By 1749, he had set up his own mercantile business, bought hundreds of acres and was an original trustee, and co-founder, of the town of Alexandria, Virginia.1

Thomas Carlyle ~ 1795-1881 ~ He was born in the village of Ecclefechan in Dumfriesshire, in a house, still standing, which had been built by his stonemason father. He rose to become the most important British man of letters of his time. In 1834 he moved to London an wrote the two works upon which his fame rests, The French Revolution and Life of Frederick the Great. He declined to be buried in Westminster Abbey as was offered, directing, as his last request, that his body be returned to Ecclefechan. He started the London Library, perhaps the greatest private lending library in the world.14

Hoagy Carmichael ~ Songwriter and Scot, he was one of the most original of the standard composers with "Stardust" and "Georgia on My Mind," among others to his credit.1,14

Neill Carmichael ~ b. 1797 ~ He lived to be 86. He was elected as sheriff of Marion County twice, the first during a great depression and he refused to enforce collections by levy or by sale of property during this time. The collectors had him arrested and the sheriff ended up behind bars in his own jail. Throughout his incarceration of 20 months, he attended to business as usual though he remained in his own jail. He was known as 'Kindhearted Carmichael'.1

John Carneagee ~ Indentured Servant 4 yrs 1698. He was from Aberdeen and sent to Mr. Browne in Virginia.10

Andrew Carnegie ~ 1835-1919 ~ An American manufacturer and philanthropist born in Dunfermline, Scotland. In 1848, after his family had emigrated to America, he got a job as a bobbin boy in a cotton factory of Allegheny City, Pa. He became successively telegraph messenger boy, operator, railway employee of the Pennsylvania Company, and superintended of the Pittsburgh division of the system. His fortune was begun through the Woodruff Sleeping-Car Company, and increased by land investments near Oil City, Pa. In 1868, he laid the foundation of his great steel industries which were finally consolidated in 1899 as the Carnegie Steel Company In 1901 he retired and the company became the "billion dollar" United States Steel Corporation. He collected $350 million, a sum which would today be reckoned in quite a few billion. After his retirement he distinguished himself by making large gifts of money for educational and philanthropic purposes, the total amount being $350 million. The most noteworthy gifts were for public libraries, the Carnegie Institute of Technology, the Carnegie Institution of Washington, and the Carnegie Endowment for International peace. He created 2,800 libraries in the United States and Britain. He backed the founding of the St. Andrew's Golf Club by John Reid in New York.5,14 He was "the richest and most free-handed Scot who ever lived." In the development of the steel business of Pittsburgh he was ably seconded by James Scott, George Lauder (his cousin), Robert Pitcairn, George Lockhart, and others ~ all Scots.17 (No mention in Ref. 17 as to where the "" came from.)

Dale Carnegie ~ His 1936 book How to Win Friends and Influence People has sold over 15 million copies.14

Daniel Carnegie ~ Founder of Sweden's famous Carnegi Brewery, was a grandson of a fugitive from Culloden.14

Susan Carnegie ~ Relative of Daniel Carnegie (Carnegi Brewery) gave money to bring drinking water into G'eborg, Sweden, in 1785. The system still carried water to 15 public taps in the city as late as 1957.14

William Carnegie ~ (Lord Northesk) Admiral who was third in command at Trafalgar in 1805 against Napoleon and later became the first sea lord.14

John Murray Carnochan ~ 1817-87, one of the most distinguished surgeons of his day, was of Scottish parentage.17Robert Carter ~ 1807-89, publisher and founder of the house of Robert Carter and Brothers, so long and honorably known in New York city, was born in Earlston, Berwickshire.17

David Carns ~ Settled Quebec 1774. Atty at Law. He was 21 and sailed on the Amitya Desire.10

Jane Carns ~ Settled Quebec 1774. She was 18, a spinster, and sailed on the Amitya Desire.10

Malcolm Scott Carpenter ~ One of the original seven U.S. astronauts.14

J. D. M. Carr ~ M.D. was elected an honorary member of the Illinois St. Andrew Society in 1871. He was President of the Scott Centenary Celebration Union.

Lucretia Carr ~ Wife of James Blair Dobbin.4

William Carrick ~ Of Edinburgh. In the 19th century in St. Petersburg, Russia, he was regarded as one of the founders of photography in Russia. With his partner, John MacGregor, Carrick took thousands of photographs of ordinary Russians, many of which survive, providing an extraordinary glimpse of the past.14

James D. Carrie ~ On November 17, 1905, Clan MacDuff and Clan Campbell held a grand ball at the Second Regiment Armory, which had been furnished without charge by the Colonel in regard to the Burns Memorial. He was elected First Vice President. Chief of the Caledonian Society presented an invitation to Scottish ladies (by birth, descent or marriage) to meet at the Sherman House on June 25, at 7:30 p.m. to form a Ladies' Auxiliary for the benefit of the Burns Monument.

Christopher "Kit" Carson ~ 1809-1868 ~ Grandson of Scottish immigrants who passed through Northern Ireland. Commonly called Kit, and American hunter and scout, born in Madison Co., Ky. When only a year old he was taken by his parents to the Missouri frontier, where in 1824-26 he was apprenticed to a saddler. He ran away at 15 to join a Santa Fe hunting party and in the following years accompanied other expeditions, learning much of the geography of the West. As guide to General Fremont on his exploring expeditions of 1842, 1843-44, and 1845-46, he became nationally famous. Carson fought in a number of battles in the Mexican War and in 1854-61 gave valuable service as Indian agent at Taos, N. M. In the Civil War he was brevetted brigadier general for "important services in New Mexico, Arizona, and the Indian Territory." In 1836, he married an Arapahoe Indian. His knowledge of Indian culture and language was legendary but he remained illiterate. He died in Fort Lyon, Colorado.1,5,14

John H. Carson ~ One of the first residents of the Scottish Home.

Johnny Carson ~ Longtime host of the Tonight show is almost certainly of Scotch-Irish descent.14

Rachel Carson ~ She launched the environmental movement in the United States with her far-reaching 1962 book, The Silent Spring.14

Sarah Carson ~ Mother John Taylor Pirie.11

Thomas S. Carson ~ tea-planter in India, rancher in Arizona, appointed by the Scottish Mortgage and Land Investment Company to look after their interests in New Mexico.1

Tom Carson ~ Arrived in New Mexico in 1880 and discovered he had some skills at real estate speculation. He started in Las Vegas, NM which was apparently as big as its successor in Nevada. He was a gambler and met Billy the Kid.1

Andrew M Carstairs ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born Glasgow, Scotland

Isabella Carter ~ Mother Alexander Smith.11

Neile Carter ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Orrin N. Carter ~ 1854 ~ Justice of the State Supreme Court.6 Born Jefferson Co. NY; son of Benajah Carter who sailed on the great lakes and died when Orrin was less than 2 years old and Isabel Cole. He worked his way through Wheaton College and graduated with the A.B. degree in 1877. He studied law in Chicago with Judge M.F. Tuley and General I. N. Stiles as his preceptors. He taught from 1880-2. Married in Morris, IL 1881 Nettie J. Steven. children: Allan J., Ruth G. He was admitted to the bar in 1880 and practiced at Morris for about 8 years. He served as states attorney for Grundy county from 1883-88 conducting some important criminal trials, notably the prosecution of Henry Schwartz and Newton Watt for the murder of Kellogg Nichols, an express messenger while on duty in his car on the Rock Island Railroad. Both men were convicted and sentenced to life. From 1892-1894 he was general attorney for the sanitary district in Chicago. In 1894, he was elected county judge of Cook County and has been twice reelected. He resides with his family in Evanston. Mem Union League Club, Congregational club and Hamilton Club.12

John Cartier ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born St. Andrews, Scotland

Barbara Cartland ~ Best selling author who is a descendant of the noble Hamiltons of Scotland.14

Johnny Cash ~ He has spoken of Scotland as "my ancestral home" on television. He is descended from a Scottish seaman, William Cash.14

Dr. Donald Caskie ~ Minister of the Scots Kirk in Paris during WWII where he was a French resistance hero and saved the lives of many Jews.14

Georgiana Casperson ~ Died March 20, 1881; Rosehill, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

Alexander Johnson Cassatt ~ seventh President of the Pennsylvania Railroad System, was Scottish on his mother's side.17

Mary Cassatt ~ 1844-1926 ~ America's greatest woman painter, she was born in Pittsburgh of Scottish ancestry and lived most of her life in France, where she became one of the noted impressionists and a close friend of Degas.14

David Cassell ~ Died September 16, 1881; buried Rosehill, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

Richard Caswell ~ First governor of North Carolina, serving 1777-1780.14

Michael Caton-Thomas ~ Broxburn, Hollywood director.1

Archibald Cattell ~ Father Archibald Cattell Jr..11

Archibald Cattell, Jr. ~ b. 1870 ~ Lawyer, Member Illinois St. Andrew Society 1910. Born Davenport IA; son Archibald and Elizabeth Stuart (Mills) Cattell; Scotch parentage; ed. pub. schools of Davenport; a. b., Iowa college, Grinnell 1891; law dept, Univ of Michigan 1893; married Fort dodge, IA 1893 Rose Haskell; children: Jean Haskell, Judith Haskell. Was city editor Davenport IA Daily Leader 1891-2; admitted to IL bar at Chicago 1893, and has since been in continuous practice without a partner. Trustee and legal adviser of his alma mater, IA Coll. VP Quaker Mfg. co.; treas. Coahuila Mining & Smelting Co. Mem. Chicago Bar Assn., Chicago Law Inst., Phi Beta Kappa. Republican. Cubs: Hamilton, City. Residence 5545 Washington Av. Office 105 W. Monroe St.11

Jean Haskell Cattell ~ Child Archibald/Elizabeth Cattell.11

Judith Haskell Cattell ~ Child Archibald/Elizabeth Cattell.11

William Cauldwell ~ b. 1824 journalist of New York, of Scottish parentage on both sides.17

Alexander Chalmers ~ AKA Alexander Czamer was four times elected mayor of Warsaw in the 1600s.14

Hugh Chalmers ~ b. 1873, President of the Chalmers Motor Company, of Detroit, is descended from Thomas Chalmers who came from Scotland early in the nineteenth century.17

Lionel C. Chalmers ~ Naturalist in Charleston SC in the 1700's.1

Dr. Lionel Chalmers ~ 1715-1777, born in Campbelltown, Argyllshire, practiced medicine in South Carolina for more than forty years, and was the first to treat of the soil, climate, weather, and diseases of that state. He "left behind him the name of a skillful, humane physician."17

Thomas Chalmers ~ Associated in the Eagle Works, of which P. W. Gates was President and later established Fraser and Chalmers Co whose shops were in Chicago as well as in Erith, near London, and whose machinery has found its way into mills and camps in every civilized land.6

William Chalmers ~ 1748-1811 ~ Founded G'eborg, Sweden's famous Chalmers Technical College, and was a rich textile man whose father had come from Scotland.14

William Chalmers ~ Director of the firm Trolh'te Canal Company which built the G'a canal from G'eborg to Stockholm in 1832.14

William J. Chalmers ~ Son of Thomas Chalmers continues the Eagle Works in Chicago 1919.6 Married to daughter of Allan Pinkerton. See John Drury's book page 173

Etta Chamberlin ~ Wife of Clarence Matteson.4

John and Robert Chambers ~ who came over in the ship Henry and Francis in 1685 settled in Trenton, NJ.17

John Chambers ~ 1780-1852, second Governor of the territory of Iowa was of Scottish descent on both sides.17

Robert and William Chambers ~ of Peebles, they founded Chambers Encyclopaedia.14

Robert Craig Chambers ~ b. 1831 ~ Miner, financier, and State Senator of Utah, he was of Scottish descent.17

Fraser Chapman ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born Montreal

Reuben Chapman ~ 1802-82, eleventh Governor of Alabama (1847-49), was of Scottish ancestry.17

Reuben Chapman ~ 1802-82) Eleventh Governor of Alabama (1847-49) and of Scottish ancestry.17

Roslin Elizabeth Chapman ~ Mother John Clarence Webster.11

William Charles ~ d. 1820 Scottish engraver who died in Philadelphia.17

Ian Charleson ~ 1950-1990) A native of Edinburgh, he played the Scottish hero Eric Liddell in Chariots of Fire in 1981.14

Dorothy Charlton ~ Child of George/Elizabeth.11

Elvira Charlton ~ Child of George/Elizabeth.11

George James Charlton ~ b. 1860 ~ R.R. Official/Member Illinois St. Andrew Society 1910. Born Hamilton, Ontario; son James and Mary Charlton; ed. pub and private schools of Hamilton; married Oak Park IL 1883 Elizabeth Hilton; children: Katherine, Dorothy, Elvira. Since 1875 continuously in the service of the C.&A. R.R. and its successor the C.& A. Ry. beginning as messenger boy in the gen. passenger dept and advanced successively until became asst. gen. passenger agent 1900, and passenger traffic mgr, 1909. Clubs: Chicago Athletic, Union League, Mid-Day, Chicago Yacht, South Shore Country, Automobile (Chicago), Kansas City (KC) Missouri Athletic (St. Louis). Residence: 163 N. Scoville Av, Oak Park, IL. Office: railway Exchange.11

James Charlton ~ Father George J. Charlton.11

Katherine Charlton ~ Child of George/Elizabeth.11

Mary Charlton ~ Mother George J. Charlton.11

Salmon Chase ~ The financier of the Civil War for the Union government, descended from Janet Ralston, the daughter of a Scottish settler. He became U. S. secretary of the treasury during the war and refined the national banking system. Before the war he had been a lawyer who defended "conductors" on the Underground Railroad, governor of Ohio and a U. S. senator. His ambition to be president led Lincoln to fire him from the cabinet, but Lincoln later named him chief justice of the U. S. Supreme Court.14

David Chassel ~ "of Scotch descent and Scotch characteristics," was tutor to Professor James Hadley, America's greatest Greek scholar.17

Patrick Cheap ~ Sailed on the Succes of Glasgow in April 1712. Trader.10

F. R. Chesney ~ Ulsterman who did the survey of the Suez Canal in 1830 finding only a slight difference in the level of the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, thus proving that a canal was feasible.14

Gilbert Keith Chesterton ~ 1874-1936) He was author of the Father Brown series, as well as a journalist, essayist, poet and playwright. He was descended from the Earl Marischal Keiths, of Scotland.14

Joseph Chestnut ~ Married Margaretta K. Hutter.4

Julia Child ~ The most famous television chef and exponent of French cooking. She was born of Scottish ancestry as Julia McWilliams, in California. Her programs on public television have brought the cuisine of France to the American masses.14

Samuel Penny Child ~ b. Dec. 7, 1854 ~ Mgr, The Spool Cotton Co.; b. Springfield, Mass., s. Rev. William S. and Georgiana C. (Jones) Child; ed. St. Paul School, Concord, N.H.; m. Raleigh, N.C., June 29, 1887, Lena Stith. From 1876 to 1884 was civil engineer on the Morris & Essex R. R.; government engineer on river and harbor survey, port of New York, 1884-9; 1889-95, traveling representative for the Coats Thread Co.; since 1895 mgr. Chicago depot of The Spool Cotton Co., successors of the Coats Thread Co., having thread factories as Pawtucket, R.I.; Newark, N.J. and Paisley, Scotland. Republican. Club: Union. Office: 186 Market St. Residence: 10 Astor St.20

Alexander Chisholm ~ the Australian Encyclopaedia was largely the work of Alexander Chisholm its chief editor.14

Henry Chisholm ~ Lochgelly in Fife, pioneered many steel processes in the United States. He and his brother William, settled in Cleveland in 1852. Henry was the first to introduce steel-making in Cleveland and has often been called "the Father of Cleveland".1

Henry Chisholm ~ brother of William Chisholm b. 1825, was the first to introduce steel-making into Cleveland, and might justly be called "The Father of Cleveland."17

Hugh J. Chisholm ~ 1847-1912 Capitalist and manufacturer he was of Scottish parentage.17

James Chisholm ~ Before and after the Great Fire of 1871, he was a drama critic for the newspaper "Inter-Ocean".6

Jesse Chisholm ~ half Scot, half Cherokee Indian, he founded the famous trail in his name which ran from Kansas to Oklahoma and was extended into Texas. He was a representative of several Indian tribes in their dealings with the government and spoke six Indian languages.1,14

Peter Chisholm ~ Deputy Sheriff of Oakland, MD in the 19th Century.1

William Chisholm ~ b. 1825 ~ Lochgelly in Fife, pioneered many steel processes in the United States. He and his brother Henry settled in Cleveland in 1852 and organized the Union Steel Company of Cleveland in 1871. He devised several new methods for manufacturing steel shovels, scoops, etc.1,17

Elizabeth Christie ~ Married Samuel Dobbin.4

James Christie ~ b. 1851 ~ Born in Morayshire, he was an adventurer. He joined the Canadian Mounted Police for special service, meeting with Sitting Bull, three years adventuring and prospecting in the Arctic, appointed leader of the Seattle Press expedition in the Olympic Wilderness for six months of exploration in 1889.1

John Christie ~ Married Mary McAllister in 1850.4

William Christie ~ New York conductor whose roots go back to Fife and Edinburgh, he is the Paris-based champion of French Baroque. As director and harpsichordist of Les Arts Florissants, which he founded in 1979, he has brought attention to works long neglected and has endeared himself to the French.14

Dr. J. S. Christion ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born Brechin, Scotland

Sir Philip Christison ~ The Japanese advance which had overrun Singapore and most of Burma was stopped decisively by this general, a Gaelic enthusiast who beat the enemy at Rangoon, a turning point in the Eastern theater. Sir Philip, the highest-ranking British officer in Southeast Asia, took the surrender of all Japanese forces in that area on September 3, 1945. He lived to be 100 and died at his home in Melrose in 1993.14

Sir Robert Christison ~ 1797-1882 ~ Born in Edinburgh and physician to Queen Victoria, he acted as chairman of the committee that prepared the first Pharmacopoeia of Great Britain and Ireland, in 1864.14

James Chrystie ~ 1750-1807, born in or near Edinburgh, joined the Revolutionary Army and served with high reputation till the end of the war. On the discovery of Arnold's plot at West Point he was entrusted with a delicate mission by Washington, which he executed successfully. Lieutenant-Colonel James Chrystie, son of James Chrystie, earned a name for himself at the Battle of Queenstown in the war of 1812.17

Sir Winston Churchill ~ 1874-1965 ~ He was of remote Scottish ancestry through his American mother. He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1953. And was author of The Second World War and A History of the English-Speaking Peoples.14

William Claflin ~ 1818-1905, twenty-third Governor of Massachusetts, was a descendant of one of the Scots prisoners taken at the battle of Dunbar in 1650.17

Craig Claibourne ~ Long Associated with the New York Time, he is credited with pioneering serious restaurant criticism in American newspapers. His Craig ancestors came from Aberdeen. On his 70th birthday, he was honored at a gala dinner in Monte Carlo by an unprecedented turnout of 60 famous chefs, including ten with three stars in the Guide Michelin.14

Arthur St. Clair ~ 1734-1818, born at Thurso, Caithness, took part in many battles of the Revolution, was President of Congress in 1787, and Governor of the Northwest Territory (1789-1802).17

NFN Claperton ~ POW sent to Maryland in 1747 on the ship Johnson of Liverpool.1

Hugh Clapperton ~ 1788-1827) explorer who along with Dixon Denham (English) were the first to cross the Sahara desert, a feat they performed in 1823.14

Abraham Clark ~ Signer of the Declaration of Independence from New Jersey.14

Alexander N. Clark ~ Died January 15, 1875; buried Rosehill, Sec. D, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

Christopher Clark ~ a Missouri pioneer was one of six sons of Catherine Horn, a native-born Scot, and James Clark, probably an Ulster Scot. In 1799, Major Clark took his family to what is now Lincoln County Missouri where he helped establish the first settlement in the region after an epic journey in a keel boat down the Kentucky and Ohio Rivers then up the Mississippi and Missouri.1

George A. Clark ~ 1824-73, born in Paisley, established the thread mills at Newark, New Jersey, the business of which was carried on by his brother William (b. 1841), who came to the United States in 1860. The great Coates Thread Mills at Pawtucket, Rhode Island, are a branch of the firm of J. and J. Coates of Paisley.17

Gen. George Rogers Clark ~ 1752-1818 ~ American frontiersman, Revolutionary hero and later general, born in Virginia. At 20, he was surveying lands along the Ohio and in 1774 was commissioned captain during Lord Dunmore's War against the Ohio Indians. Under Virginia's sovereignty, he assumed command of Kentucky's forces to repel attacks of British and Indians in that region. In 1778, with 175 men under his command, he captured Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and Vincinnes, thus taking the old Northwest from British control and securing it for Virginia. Clark and his men kept up continual warfare against the British and Indians and built many forts along the western frontier. He was responsible for bringing the Northwest Territories under American control and it was awarded to the new nation at the peace treaty in 1783. The government refused to reimburse him for money he had spent for his army's supplies. Creditors hounded him for the rest of his life. Brother William.5,14,17

James Clark ~ Lived in Scotland Township, IL 1840's.6

Jim Clark ~ 1936-1968 ~ Automobile racer and son of a Fifeshire farmer who is thought by many to have been the greatest driver in history and won 25 Grand Prix races. Clark won the world Grand Prix championship in 1963, capturing 7 of 10 races. In 1965 he repeated as Grand Prix champion and won the Indianapolis 500 as well. He was killed in an accident in 1968.14

John Clark ~ Born in Forfar, a manufacturer, was a stalwart Reformed Presbyterian elder, who lost his life in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.

John Clark ~ 1738-1833 ~ "Father Clark" was one of the first ministers to cross the Mississippi. He taught and preached in Illinois.6 See January 1996 History Club Newsletter, page 3

John Clark ~ Deported from Scotland in 1685 to work in the plantations of New England. He took part in the uprising against King James II and VII.10

John Clark ~ b. in England and d. in 1881. Married Mary Agnes Farmer in 1869 after his half-brother Edward Marshall (also married to Ms. Farmer) died.19

John Macdill Clark ~ b. May 8, 1860 ~ Seedsman; b. Kirkcudbright, Scotland. Son of Hugh Fraser and Mary Stuart (Macdill) Clark; primary edn. at Dumfries, Scotland; grammar School, New Brighton, S.I., New York; married Steuben, NY, Aug. 5, 1886, Eleanor Thomas; children: James Ronald, Leonard Dudley, Margaret. Has been in seed business since 1879; for years connected with business now known as Leonard Seed Co. (founded by Simeon F. Leonard, 1884; incorporated 1901), of which he is sec. Democrat. Presbyterian. Dir. 8th Congressional District, Ill. Farmers' Institute. Recreations: fishing and outdoor sports. Residence: 5954 W. Superior St., Austin, IL. Office 228 W. Kinzie St. (1905 Residence: 538 Eddy St., Office: 79-81 E. Kinzie St.).11,20

Kenneth (Mackenzie) Clark, (Lord Clark) ~ 1903-1983 ~ A Briton of entirely Scottish ancestry, he was called "the most naturally gifted art historian of his generation," and was, by his erudition and enthusiasm, able to enlist an enormous audience to learn of the artistic achievements of the West, in what was the most successful TV series of its kind ever made. The series was Civilization made in the 1970s.14

Robert Clark ~ house and foundry on Erie and Kingsbury streets lost in the Chicago fire.

Robert Clark, Sr. ~ d. 1871 ~ Aged 71 died in the Chicago fire.1 Stalwart Presbyterian, a manufacturer. "His name was continued by his son Robert, who with John T. Raffen formed the firm of Clark and Raffen. Robert was prominent in municipal councils and was a generous supporter of the Illinois St. Andrew Society." McMillan. Family plot at Rosehill. 14 people buried in large lot. Visited first in 1987. Robert Clark, Sr. does not appear to be there. Wonder if they could not find a body after the fire? Wife may be Mary Clark who died 1872.

Robert Clark ~ President of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society in 1885, 1886 and 1891. On November 17, 1905, Clan MacDuff and Clan Campbell held a grand ball at the Second Regiment Armory, which had been furnished without charge by the Colonel in regard to the Burns Memorial. He was elected Honorary President. He gave $250, the largest contribution, toward the building of the Burns Monument. On February 7, 1893, he resigned as President due to ill health. Also, see father. Buried in family plot at Rosehill Cemetery in Chicago, IL. Died at the age of 69 on December 30, 1900. Wife may be Sarah M. Clark who died in 1921 at the age of 80. Owners of the plot are shown as Joseph Bartee and Robert Clark.

Thomas Clark ~ Minister born in Galloway, accompanied by his entire congregation, left Newry, Ireland for New York in the ship John. During their brief stay in NY, a few members were induced to go to the South where they settled near Abbeville, SC. Dr. Clark and his congregation are said to be the only ecclesiastical body that came to America as an entirety. They found the lands near Lake George, NY to be unsatisfactory. Dr. Clark purchased an undivided half of land, 12,000 acres, known as the Turner Patent, near Salem NY. In the spring of 1767 the congregation removed to Salem.

William Clark ~ b. 1841 ~ See George A. Clark (1824-73).17

William Clark ~ 1770-1838 ~ a Virginia-born soldier and explorer with a Scots background who, in 1803, joined Meriweather Lewis in command of a government-sponsored expedition to search for a land route to the Pacific. He devoted his efforts to map making and the study of natural history. Later, he was superintendent for Indian Affairs in Louisiana and established the first US outpost in what is now Wisconsin.1 He emigrated with his family at the age of 14 to the falls of the Ohio, in Kentucky, on the present site of Louisville. He was appointed in 1813 governor of the Missouri Territory and Superintendent of Indian Affairs until 1821 when Missouri was created a state. Later, he helped suppress the Winnebago and Blackhawk uprisings.5

Robert Clarke ~ Sailed on the Succes of Glasgow in April 1712. Trader.10

Robert Clarke ~ 1829-99 ~ Born in Annan, Dumfries-shire, is found in Cincinnati in 1840 where he opened a second-hand bookshop. He moved on and purchased a publishing company and was the first company to import large quantities of books to the Ohio Valley from Europe. His biggest service was in supplying almost every small-town judge and lawyer with their essential textbooks.1,17

John Clay ~ b. April, 24, 1851 ~ Live stock commissioner. Born Winfield, Berwick-on-Tweed, Scotland; son of John and Patricia (Thompson) Clay; ed. Wellfield Acad., Duns Scotland; St. Andrews, Scotland and Edinburgh Univ; married Highland Park, IL Jan. 5, 1881, Euphemia Forrest; 1 son: John Clay III. Worked on Scotch farm 1867; came to America 1879; settled in Canada, becoming mgr of Canada West Farm Stock Assn., Bow Park, Brantford, Ont.; came to Chicago 1882; organized the firm of Clay & Forrest May 1, 1883, which was succeeded Jan. 1, 1900 by firm of John Clay & Co., bankers. In 1886, organized the live stock commission firm of Clay, Robinson & Co., one of the largest in the country with offices in Chicago, Kansas City, Mo., South Omaha, Neb., Sioux city, Ia., South St. Joseph, Mo., Denver, Colo., Salt Lake City, Utah. Clubs: Chicago, Midlothian, Washington Park. Recreations: hunting and golf. Residence 4030 Lake Av. and Finisterre, Eastern Pt. Gioucester, Mass. Office: The Rookery.11, 20

John Clay ~ Rancher and cattleman wrote "My Life on the Range" late 1800's moved from Nebraska to Cheyenne, Wyoming.1

Archibald Scott Cleghorn ~ A successful merchant who married Princess Likelike, King Kalankaua's sister and who fathered Kaiulani, Hawaii's most beautiful and revered princess. Cleghorn's skill as a landscape artist can still be seen in Kapiolani Park in Waikiki and the Royal Iolani Palace.14

Clendennin Family ~ (Glendenning when they left Scotland) crossed the Alleghenies in 1760 to settle in what is now West Virginia. They were slaughtered by the Shawnee except for the mother who was taken captive.1

Sir Dugald Clerk ~ The two-stroke engine, the precursor of today's motorcycle and lawnmower engines, was invented by this Glaswegian in 1879. He also pioneered the development of internal combustion engines and built his first gas engine in 1876.14

Grover Cleveland ~ 1837-1908 ~ son of an Ulster-Scots mother and a Presbyterian minister, he worked his way up the political ladder from sheriff to the Oval Office. Born in New Jersey, he went to Buffalo in 1855, was elected sheriff of Erie County in 1870 and mayor of Buffalo in 1881. With a reputation as a reformer, he became governor of New York in 1882, was nominated for the Presidency on the Democratic ticket in 1884, and elected, becoming the first Democratic President since 1861. During his first administration he advocated moderate tariff, civil service, and pension reforms. He was defeated for re-election in 1888, but re-nominated and elected in 1892. He stood firmly for the gold standard, and alienated the silver wing of his party by securing the repeal of the silver purchase clause of the Sherman Act. Upon the end of his second term, in 1897, Cleveland retired from political life. He was the only president to serve split terms of office.1,5

Moses Cleveland ~ After whom Cleveland, Ohio was named in 1796. Indian fighter in the northwest territories (area s. of the Great Lakes) during the Revolutionary period.1,14

William Clewston ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Montgomery Clift ~ 1920-1966 ~ Another American actor of Scottish Presbyterian ancestry.14

George Clinton ~ First governor of New York.14

Robert Clow ~ d. 1880 ~ Died at the age of 83. Moved to Wheatland Township, Will County, 1843-44.6

Emile Cluett ~ Wife John William Scott.11

Colin Campbell (Baron Clyde) ~ Glasgow-born commander of the "thin red line" of kilted Scots at the pivotal Battle of Balaklava in 1854 in the Crimean War. The defense of the vital British, French and Turkish supply port at the town of Balaklava was threatened by Russian cavalry positioned in the heights above the town. As several thousand mounted Russians thundered down on the defenders, Campbell called out to his Highlanders, "Remember men, there is no retreat from here ~ you must die were you stand!" The Russians were repulsed.14

John Cobb ~ Settled in Georgia 1775. Sailed on the Georgia Packet seeking better employment opportunities. He was 31, a butcher.10

Ty Cobb ~ Baseball player of Scottish descent who had a .367 average.14

Abner Coburn ~ 1803-85, twenty-fourth Governor, was also most probably of Scottish or Ulster Scot descent17

David Cochran ~ d.1529 ~ Became Danish king of arms, that is, the highest-ranking heraldic officer, and served King Hans as ambassador to Poland and Russia.14

John P. Cochran ~ 1809-98, twenty-sixth Governor of Delaware (1875-79), was of Ulster Scot descent.17

Joseph Plumb Cochran ~ Medical Missionary to Persia, the "Hakim Sahib" of the natives, was grandson of a Scot.17

Alexander Cochrane ~ b. 1840 ~ Born at Barrhead, he was a great chemical manufacturer.17

Sir Ralph Cochrane ~ was air chief marshal in WWII and from 1936 to 1939 the first commander of the Royal New Zealand Air Force.14

Ralph Cock ~ Settled in Savanna, GA 1774. He was 37, a linen weaver and sailed on the Marlborough with his wife.10

John Coehon ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Camille Coffee ~ Wife Malcolm F. Ewen m. 1904.11

Holland T. Coffee ~ Father of Camille Coffee.11

Jean Baptiste Colbert ~ 1619-1683 ~ One of the greatest French statesmen who ran almost every department of the government for Louis XIV. For 25 years Colbert reconstructed the french economy and its tax system, rejuvenated the navy, promoted the arts, beautified the architecture of the country, founded royal societies and schools and encouraged the settlement of New France. He claimed to have been a descendant of Richard Colbert, a native of Inverness and left this inscription on his ancestor's tomb: In Scotland I had my cradle, and Rheims has given me my tomb.14

Cadwallader Colden ~ 1688-1776 ~ Born in Scotland, he graduated from the Univ. of Edinburgh and emigrated to the American colonies in 1708. He devoted himself to botany and astronomy and also to public affairs, becoming surveyor general of New York and in 1760 lieutenant-governor. He was governor of New York 1760-1765 and 1769-1770 and 1774-1774. He wrote Causes of Gravitation and History of the Five Indian Nations. He died in Long Island. He was a physician who researched and wrote about cancer, various diseases and fever.1,3,5,14,17

Cadwallader David Colden ~ 1769-1834 ~ Grandson of Cadwallader Colden, was Mayor of New York from 1818 to 1821 and made an enviable record in that office.14,17

Abner Cole ~ b. 1871 ~ Child of Tobias Britt/Elizabeth. He was born in De Kalb Co., IL. Married at Winchester, KS, Ella Hurst. In 1928 they were living near Oskaloosa, KS.4

Anna Cole ~ 1863-1889 ~ Child of Tobias Britt/Elizabeth. She married in 1882 Edward H. Vance at Winchester, KS, and died at Xenia, OH.4

Chase Cole ~ b. 1866 ~ Child of Tobias Britt/Elizabeth. He married in 1900 Margaret R. Bennett. He served in Company A, 20th Kansas Infantry, U. S. Volunteers in the Spanish-American War. In 1928 he was living in Canon City, CO.4

Clark Graham Cole ~ 1849-1913 ~ Child of Tobias Britt/Anna Cole. Died at his home in Manhattan Kansas. He married Mary A. Wood in 1873 at Somonauk, IL.4

Elliot L. Cole ~ b.1857 ~ Child of Tobias Britt/Anna Cole. Married in 1880 at Leland, IL, Ella Wood. In 1928 they were living in Aurora, IL.4

Hugh Moffett Cole ~ b. 1868 ~ Child of Tobias Britt/Elizabeth. Born in De Kalb Co., IL, he married in 1892 at Winchester, Kansas Emma Hurst. In 1928, they were living in Valley Falls, KS.4

Isaac Newton Cole ~ 1847-1911 ~ Child of Tobias Britt/Anna Cole. Married 1880 at Louisville, KY, Emma Crump; died at his home in Fort Worth, TX. He was a railroad conductor on a passenger train.4

Laura A. Cole ~ b. 1852. Child of Tobias Britt/Anna Cole. She was married at Somonauk, IL to Harry L. Keys. In 1928 they were living in Norwood, Ohio.4

Marcus D. Cole ~ b. 1854 ~ Child of Tobias Britt/Anna Cole. Living in Los Angeles, CA in 1928.4

Mary E. Cole ~ 1846-1889 ~ Wife of Thomas W. Mack. Mother of Burton W. Mack. She was a descendant of John Quincy Adams.12

Orrin Cole ~ 1845-1869 ~ Child of Tobias Britt/Anna Cole. He served in the Civil War in Company G, 9th Ohio Cavalry, died suddenly.4

Tobias Britt Cole ~ 1821-1883 ~ Cabinetmaker/carpenter in NY/Ohio of English stock, his father died while he was young and his mother married _____ Burnett, a distiller. He moved to Ohio, near Columbus and in 1843 married Anna Cowden near Reynoldsburg, Ohio. He immigrated with his family to Somonauk, IL in a covered wagon in the spring of 1853. They united with the Associate Church of Somonauk, IL and purchased 160 acres from the government in Clinton township and moved into a small cabin while their home was being built. After his wife's death in 1860, he returned with his children to Ohio. He married again Mrs. Elizabeth (Selders) McMillan at Rushsylvania, Ohio. In the spring of 1863, he returned with his family to his homestead in IL. In 1881, hoping the change of climate would prove beneficial to his health, he moved to Kansas, near Winchester. Children, Clark Graham, Elliot L., Hugh Moffett, Isaac Newton, Laura A., Marcus D., NFN (d. 1859), Orrin, Ralph E. (died infancy), Ruth (died as a small girl).4

Adaline Coleman ~ 1826-1903 ~ Wife of John McCleery (b. 1813).4

John Ewing Colhoun ~ 1749-1802, Member of State Legislature of South Carolina and Senator from the same state (1801), was of the same family as John C. Calhoun.17

William A. Colledge ~ b. 1859 ~ Educator; b. Edinburgh, Scotland. Son of Joseph and Margaret J. (Whitman) College; grad. Scotland 1879-82; studied in London, Engl 1883-6 (D.d. Adrian Coll. Michigan 1892). Ordained Congregational ministry 1887; in Pastorate 1887-1903; estension lecturer, English literature, Univ of Chicago 1902; editor Technical World 1903; prof English literature, Armour Inst. of Technology, Chicago 1904-9; lecturer, Redpath Lyceum Bureau, Chicago since 1910. Editor-in-chief New Standard Encyclopedia (NY) and History of the World Royal Geographical Soc., Eng. 1894. Trustee State Home for juvenile offenders, Geneva, IL. Club: University. Residence: Evanston, IL.11

J. Norman Collie ~ 1859-1942 ~ Born in England of Scottish parentage, he took the first X-ray photograph ever used for medical diagnosis.14

Ronald Colman ~ 1891-1958 ~ He was born in England of Scottish ancestry. Colman won the Academy Award as best actor in 1947 for his role in A Double Life.14

Sir Iain Colquhoun ~ Chief of the Colquhouns, Lt. Colonel became the lightweight boxing champion of the British Army during WWI. He killed a Prussian officer with a revolver, and five Bavarians with an improvised club. He also kept a lion, reportedly reasonably tame, in the trenches, was wounded more than once, and won the D.S.O. (Distinguished Service Order) and bar. After the war he became chairman of the National Trust for Scotland and Lord Rector of Glasgow University.14

Samuel Colt ~ 1814-62, inventor of the Colt revolver, and founder of the great arms factory at Hartford, Conn., was of Scots ancestry on both sides. He was also the first to lay a submarine electric cable (in 1843) connecting New York city with stations on Fire Island and Coney Island.17

Elizabeth S. Colvin ~ 2nd Wife Dwight Foster Cameron. Daughter of late Ex-Mayor Colvin of Chicago.11

Dan Comery ~ Died 1870; buried Rosehill, Sec. D, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

Elizabeth Comins ~ Wife of James B. Harper. She was the daughter of Chauncey and Sally (Scott) Comins. Children: Harper, Alanson C. (b. 1852), B. Harper, Dewitt C.(b. 1848), Harper, Andrew G. Harper (b. 1849) Thomas A. Harper (B. 1850), Mary E. Harper (b. 1845).4

Sean Connery ~ He was the creator of the film version of James Born. Born in Edinburgh in 1930 of Scottish and Irish ancestry, Connery won the Academy Award for best supporting actor in 1987 for his role in the Untouchables.14

Tom Conti ~ Born in Scotland of partly Italian ancestry, he has starred in film as well as in the theaters of New York and London.14

Daniel P. Cook ~ Bought the first newspaper printed in Illinois, Matthew Duncan's "The Illinois Herald" with Robert Blackwell. They changed the name to "The Intelligencer" and changed it from three columns to four. In 1820, they moved it to Vandalia, the new state capital.6 Daniel Cook was born in Kentucky in 1795 of Scottish parentage. He came to Kaskaskia, Illinois, in 1815 and began to practice law. Believing his future lay in the nation's Capitol, he moved to Washington and in 1817 was sent to London to bring back John Quincy Adams. Adams was being requested to serve as Secretary of State under President Monroe. He soon tired of Washington and returned to Illinois where he purchased a newspaper from another Scot by the name of Matthew Duncan. Cook became an ardent supporter of statehood and using his newspaper, The Western Intelligencer, began to influence the Territorial Legislature. When the legislature convened on December 2, 1817, there was an immediate move to make Illinois the twenty-first state. Not only would Illinois be ratified as a state through the efforts of Daniel Cook, it would be a slave-free state. In 1819, Cook was elected to Congress as the sole representative from Illinois. He served four terms being finally defeated by Joseph Duncan, another Scot. In Congress, Cook served on the committee on Public Lands and later on the Ways and Means Committee. He secured a grant of government lands to aid in the construction of the Illinois-Michigan Canal. In 1824, he had as sole congressman from Illinois cast the vote of the state for Adams, thus practically deciding the decision. Daniel Cook always suffered from poor health and died October 16, 1827, at the age of 33. Four years after his death, a county in Illinois was named in his honor. He probably never visited the area we call Cook County. Ninian W. Edwards, the son of the first territorial governor of Illinois said "...it should be a matter of pride with the citizens of Chicago that so eminent and illustrious a man as Daniel Cook is thus honored. In respect of his high character, his great ability, his honorable name, and of the inestimable service he rendered to our great commonwealth, the County of Cook should erect a monument in his memory." Not only did Chicago never build a monument to Daniel Cook, it is doubtful that many have ever heard his name. The location of his grave remains unknown, but is thought to be somewhere in Kentucky. His legacy lived on through his son, General John Cook, who fought on the side of the Union during the Civil War.6

James Cook ~ 1728-1779 ~ One of the greatest explorers in history, born in Yorkshire to Scottish parents. He was the first of the scientific navigators.14

Laura Leslie Cook ~ Wife of Albert Edward Patten.4

Margaret Cook ~ 1778-1856 ~ Wife of John McCleary. She died in Somonauk, IL and was buried at Oak Mound. She requested her sons not to place a stone on her grave so her son John went a long distance and procured an evergreen tree to mark her resting place.4

Hirma J. Coon ~ Married Eleanor Irwin 1862, then Sarah Ann Irwin 1886(Sisters).4

Martin Coon ~ Husband of Janet Walker.4

Grace Cooper ~ 2nd Wife of Frederick L. Patten.4

Hugh Cooper ~ tailor, Madison street, entire stock and furniture worth $3000 lost in the Chicago fire.

James Fenimore Cooper ~ 1789-1851 ~ Author, descended from a Scots Quaker family out of New Jersey author who wrote successfully about the sea and the Indian. From 1820 to the time of his death produced stories of adventure which included The Spy, The Last of the Mohicans, The Pathfinder, The Deer Slayer.1,5

L. Gordon Cooper ~ One of the original seven U.S. astronauts.14

Peter Cooper ~ 1791-1883 ~ He was one of the most innovative and resourceful of all the early American manufacturers. He progressed from hat making to brewing to shearing machines to food sales to glue making to ironworks, blast furnaces, and rolling mills. He was born February 12, 1791, in New York City of Scottish ancestry. Both grandfathers Campbell and Cooper fought in the Revolutionary War. His life spanned the development of America from the framing of the Constitution to the heyday of capitalism. On July 4, 1828, Charles Carroll, the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence, turned the first sod for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Cooper believing that Baltimore would have tremendous growth because of the railroad made a sizeable investment in real estate around the city. One year later, the B & O was in financial difficulty. The reason was that a locomotive could not go around a curve with a radius of less than 300 feet. The railroad, however, had built their curves with radii of from 150 to 200 feet in order to save cost. Cooper realizing that the growth of Baltimore and the success of his land ventures, depended on the railroad, set about to develop a small locomotive. In 1830, he built the first practical steam locomotive in America. As an experiment it was about the size of a handcar and was never intended to operate as a working engine. It was called "Tom Thumb" because it was so small. The engine weighed less than a ton, but the principles developed are still used in engines today. The Baltimore and Ohio railroad was saved from bankruptcy. Peter Cooper is representative of so many of the peculiar talents and abilities of early Scottish craftsmen. He was an untutored inventor who became a strong, individualist businessman. He bought his own iron mines to feed his blast furnaces and rolling mills. Out of these mills he produced the first iron structural beams. He manufactured the wire and joined Cyrus Field in laying the first transatlantic cable. Cooper was the first to use the Bessemer steel making process in the United Sates. In 1876, Peter Cooper was nominated for President of the United States by the Greenback Party. In 1879 he was honored by the Iron and Steel Institute of Great Britain with the Bessemer Gold Medal. New York University elected him to the Hall of Fame of Great Americans. He served as president and board member in various banking, insurance, and industrial associations. He died October 4, 1883, in New York City. See July 1996 History Club newsletter page 1.

John Singleton Copley ~ An American artist greatly influenced by the work of John Smibert.17

Elizabeth Wiley Corbett, M.D. - See April 1996 History Club Newsletter, Page 3

Daniel Corbit ~ b. 1682 ~ Quaker born in Scotland who founded the noted Corbit family of Delaware.17

Allan MacLeod Cormack ~ b. 1924 ~ an American born in South Africa to Scottish immigrant parents, he won a share of the 1979 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for his work in developing computed axial tomography, commonly known as the CAT or CT scan. At present this complicated machine gives physicians their best look inside the human body.14

Joseph Cormack ~ appointed to the Illinois Saint Andrew Society Board in 1912 to fill the unexpired term of George Hutcheson who resigned because of ill health.

Charles Correll ~ Scotch-Irish actor who co-starred on Amos and Andy.14

Margarette Corrett ~ Married Charles A. Owen.4

James Corry ~ Indentured servant 4 yrs 1698. Went to Virginia in the Globe.10

F. D. Cossit ~ Founder of LaGrange, IL.6

Peter Cotton ~ Medal of Honor Recipient - Civil War. Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1839, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863. Citation: Cotton served on board the U.S.S. Baron De Kalb in the Yazoo River expedition, 23 to 27 December 1862. Proceeding under orders up the Yazoo River, the Baron De Kalb, with the object of capturing or destroying the enemy's transports, came upon the steamers John Walsh, R. J. Locklan, Golden Age and the Scotland, sunk on a bar where they were ordered to be burned. Continuing up the river, the Baron De Kalb was fired upon but, upon returning the fire, caused the enemy's retreat. Returning down the Yazoo, she destroyed and captured large quantities of enemy equipment and several prisoners. Serving bravely throughout this action, Cotton, as coxswain "distinguished himself in the various actions." Internet

Sir Robert Bruce Cotton ~ An Englishman who often boasted of his Scottish ancestry and his descent from King Robert I, the Bruce. The basis of the British Museum's manuscript collection is from Robert Bruce Cotton's collection.14

Alexander Coulter ~ Husband of Phoebe Randles.4

NFN Coulthard ~ trekked the 80 miles from Brandon to Bottineau ND in the late 1800's.1

Archibald Scott Couper ~ 1831-1892 ~ Born in Kirkintilloch, he as the first to propose the tetravalence of carbon atoms and that they could link together to form long chains.14

Mary H. Couts ~ Died December 9, 1901; buried Rosehill, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

Frank Coutts ~ Died March 6, 1911; buried Rosehill, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

George Coutts ~ Died February 22, 1912; buried Rosehill, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

James & Thomas Coutts ~ in 1755, in London, two Scots Thomas and James Coutts, founded Coutts & Company, bankers to the royal family for 200 years, plus Pitt, Scott, Dickens, Thackeray and many other notables. In the Goldoliers, Gilbert and Sullivan wrote: "The aristocrat who hunts and shoots, the aristocrat who banks with Coutts".14

Russell Coutts ~ Scottish-descended yacht skipper who brought home yachting's premier trophy, the America's Cup to New Zealand in 1995. A third of the country's 3 million people tuned in to watch the victory party.14

Margaret Coventry ~ d. 1881 ~ Married William Morrison in Scotland. Buried at Oak Mound.4

Catherine Cowan ~ Mother Frederic S. James.11

William Cowan ~ of Tennessee Township, McDonough County, prominent citizen.6

Noel Coward ~ 1899-1973 ~ The New Statesman called him "a national treasure" and "demonstrably the greatest living English playwright," and was the author of some of the century's best plays, including Blythe Spirit and Private Lives. His mother was a member of the Scottish Veitch family.14

Anna Cowden ~ 1822-1860 ~ Wife of Tobias Britt Cole, She is buried in Oak Mound Cemetery, De Kalb County, IL.4

Anna Cowden ~ Wife of George Graham. m. 1817.4

James M. Cox ~ b. 1870 ~ 46th governor of Ohio (1913-15) is of Scottish descent.17

Wallace Cox ~ Husband of Anna Randles.4

Carl-George Crafoord ~ Sweden's ambassador to Spain in the 1980s. The Crafoord clan in Sweden is descended from the Crawfords of Scotland.14

Holger Crafoord ~ An adopted son of Sweden's distinguished Crafoord clan, who are descended from Crawfords in Scotland. He founded the Crafoord Prize, on the magnitude of the Nobel Prize. It is awarded annually, usually in the presence of the king of Sweden, for astronomy, mathematics and other sciences not covered by the Nobel.14

John Crag ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

John Cragon ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Dr. Elijah Craig - See October 1996 Newslette, Page 2

Dr. James Craig ~ 1834-88, obstetrician, born in Glasgow, graduated at the University of the City of New York, attended over four thousand cases without the loss of a mother, was inventor of several surgical appliances, and was the first to demonstrate hydriodic acid as a curative in acute inflammatory rheumatism.17

Elijah Craig ~ Made the first batch of corn whiskey in Bourbon county, KY.14

George Craig ~ The son of a Glasgow steelworker, he merged Harper and Row of New York (owned by Rupert Murdoch) in 1990 with Collins to form Harper-Collins, a British-American publishing house with $1.5 billion in revenues. He became chief executive of the new company.14

James Craig ~ 1735-1800, a Scot, Was appointed by Congress a Commissioner of naval stores in 1776. He was owner of a number of armed privateering vessels, took several prizes, and also aided in fitting out several other vessels as privateers.17

James Craig ~ Father Robert Craig.11

Michael Craig ~ talented young Perth sculptor from California is completing his first year at the New York Academy of Art.1

Rev. Mr. Craig ~ Tutored Richard Henry Lee who introduced the resolution calling for independence.14

Robert Craig ~ b. May 9, 1840 ~ Mfr/Member Illinois St. Andrew Society 1910. Born Port Glasgow, Scotland; son James and Christina (Houston) Craig; ed. Scottish schools; married Peotone, IL 1872 Jane Duffy. Left Greenock, Scotland 1854; settled in Providence RI until 1869; served apprenticeship 4 years at trade of plumbing, steam and gas fitting with J. W. Bishop, New Haven, Ct.; Worked at that trade for a year in Albany and Troy, N.Y.; Came to Chicago 1865 and continued in the trade until 1867, when joined Robert Weir in firm of Weir & Craig, plumbers; incorporated 1889, Weir & Craig Mfg. Co., manufacturers plumbers and steam fitters supplies, of which is V.P. Presbyterian. Mason. Residence 6609 Lexington Ave. (Residence in 1905: 6615 Wentworth Av.) Office 2439 Wallace St.11, 20

Robert Craig ~ b. 1824 ~ Foreman at Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, was born in Renfrewshire, Scotland, on May 31, 1824. He emigrated to America in 1853 going first to Philadelphia and then to Woodford County, Kentucky. There he was employed by Robert Alexander in taking care of the fine stock on his farm. In 1856 he came to Chicago and was first employed by the Galena Railroad as a section boss. He was also involved in ditching the South Branch of the Chicago River. After 1856, he spent his winters in the South, making ditches and levees. In 1857, he built levees and ditches for Evanston. In 1862, Mr. Craig moved to Hyde Park and constructed the ditches, sewers and highways for that town. In 1879 he was made foreman of Rosehill Cemetery. He was married twice, first to Miss Sarah Messenger and after her death, he married Mrs. Wagg, nee Miss Elizabeth Maskelen of England. She had one son, George Wagg.

Thomas Craig ~ 1853-1900, Mathematician and Editor of the American Journal of Mathematics (in 1921), was of Scottish parentage.17

William Craig ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born Ayr, Scotland

NFN Craigbrae ~ Farmer in Tama County, Iowa.1

Edwin Boone Craighead ~ b. 1861, Professor of Greek at Wofford College, South Carolina, and afterwards third President of Tulane University, is of Scottish descent.17

Thomas Craighead ~ 1750-1825, first President of Davidson Academy (1785-1809), afterwards the University of Nashville, was great-grandson of Rev. Robert Craighead who went from Scotland to Donoghmore in Ireland.17

William Craigie ~ Completed the Oxford English Dictionary (see James a. H. Murray).14

Dr. James Craik ~ 1731-1814, physician-general of the United States Army, was born at Arbigland, near Dumfries, and for nearly forty years was the intimate friend of Washington. His only published work relates to Washington's final illness.1 He was surgeon general of the American revolutionary Army. He was summoned with another Scot, Dr. Gustavus Brown, to attend Washington as he died of a throat illness.14,17

James Craik ~ Died December 16, 1882; buried Rosehill, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

Jimmie Crain ~ Emigre Scott who settled in Montana and became a rancher and farmer in 1877. In a community 12 miles south of Sidney, a mountain was named after him.1

Donald J. Cram ~ b. 1919 ~ Scottish American who won the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1987 for his discovery that crown ether molecules could be made three dimensional ~ a hole rather than a loop with which to grab other components. In 1989 Dr. Cram was the leader of the team at UCLA that succeeded in imprisoning molecules within other molecules, and has thereby created a new state of matter.14

Robert Bruce Crane ~ b. 1857 ~ American artist of Scottish descent.17

Alan MacGregor Cranston ~ 19 June 1914-31 December 2000 ~ Scot and unsuccessful bidder for U.S. President in 1984.14

John Cranston ~ son of an Edinburgh minister, he was the first physician in Rhode Island. Governor of Rhode Island 1678-1680.14

Samuel Cranston ~ son of John (above) was elected governor of Rhode Island in 1698 and reelected each year for 29 consecutive years through 1727. Cranston, R.I. was named for him.14

Gertrude L. Crary ~ Wife Walter Peter McGibbon.11

Andrew Crawford ~ 1831-1900 ~ Born in Ayrshire, he came to America when he was 21 and settled in Geneseo, IL. He studied law and in 1868 was elected to the State Senate. In 1873, he made his home in Chicago and became a prominent attorney specializing in railroad law.6

Corie Isaac Crawford ~ sixth Governorof South Dakota (1907-08) is of Ulster Scot descent.17.

David Crawford ~ From Ayrshire, he moved West in 1841. At Knoxville IL he worked in a brickyard and he went into the brick-making business on his own. He was soon the region's principal brick maker selling at 1,000 for $5.1

Dr. John Crawford ~ 1746-1813, of Ulster Scots birth and one of the earliest introducers of vaccination into America and an original investigator into the cause of disease As early as 1790 he had conceived what is now known as the germ theory of disease.17

Francis Marion Crawford ~ 1854-1909, the novelist, son of Thomas Crawford the sculptor, was also of Scottish descent.17

George Washington Crawford ~ 1798-1872, twentieth Governor of Georgia (1843-47), was of Scottish descent.17

Jim Crawford ~ An automobile race car driver of Scotland, he raced in the 1988 Indianapolis 500 despite the pain of six screws that held his ankle together, one of which came loose and almost pierced his skin. He finished sixth but was in second place with only six laps to go when a tire blew out.14

John Barclay Crawford ~ 1828-94; He was a prominent doctor of Scottish origin.17

John Crawford ~ First Second Vice President of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society 11/30/1845.

Margaret Crawford ~ Wife of John Blair French.4

Nathaniel Macon Crawford ~ 1811-71, fourth President of Mercer University and afterwards President of Georgetown College, Kentucky, was a son of William H. Crawford the statesman.17

Robert Crawford ~ Settled in Georgia 1775. Sailed on the Georgia Packet seeking better employment opportunities. He was 16, a Yeoman.10

Samuel Wylie Crawford ~ 1829-92, of Scottish ancestry, was brevetted Major-General of Volunteers for conspicuous gallantry, and wrote "Genesis of the Civil War" (1887).17

Thomas Crawford ~ 1814-57, one of the greatest if not the greatest sculptor of America, was of Scottish descent. His works include "Armed Liberty" (bronze doors), Beethoven, bust of John Quincy, Washington, "Orpheus," etc.17

William Crawford ~ Colonel, friend and associate of George Washington, was sent on frontier duty in Ohio in the closing days of the Revolutionary War, but was captured by Indians and was burned to death.1

William Crawford ~ 1760-1823, Member of Congress from 1809 to 1817, was born in Paisley.17

William Harris Crawford ~ 1772-1834, descended from David Crawford, who came from Scotland to Virginia, c. 1654. Secretary of War (1615-16), Secretary of the Treasury (1816-25), and save for an unfortunate attack of paralysis, would have been President in 1824. He was also United States Senator from Georgia (1807-13) and Minister to France (1813-15). John Bell (1797-1869), Secretary (1841), Senator (1847-59), and candidate of the Constitutional Union Party for President in 1860, was probably of Scottish descent. George Washington Crawford, Secretary of War, was also Governor of Georgia. Simon Cameron (1799-1889), of Scottish parentage or descent, Senator (1845-49), Secretary of War in cabinet of Lincoln (1861-62), United States Minister to Russia (1862-63), and again Senator (1866-77). James Donald Cameron (1833-1918), son of the preceding, was Secretary under Grant for a year and United States Senator from 1877 to 1897. Daniel Scott Lamont (1851-1905), journalist and Secretary under Cleveland, was of Ulster Scot origin.17

Rev. John Cree ~ 1st husband of Nancy McClellan.4

Thomas Kirby Cree ~ of Ulster Scot origin, was Secretary for twenty-five years of the International Committee of the Young Mens' Christian Association.17

Jacob B. Creighton ~ Brother of James A., he was a Judge in Fairfield, Southern IL.6

James A. Creighton ~ d. 1916 ~ Judge, of Springfield, elected to the State Circuit bench for six successive terms. He was a native of Illinois and his parents were John and Mary Creighton, both born in Illinois. His ancestors came from SC to Illinois in 1817. Brother of Jacob B. Creighton of Fairfield.6

L. B. Creighton ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born Coatbridge, Scotland

John Crerar ~ January 7, 1857-1932 ~ Coal and Coke. Born Pictou, Nova Scotia; son John and Jane (Hatton) Crerar; ed public schools of England and Scotland; married Chicago 1900 Marie G. Owens; 2 daughters, Marie Owens and Catherine Hatton. As a boy was engaged in a ship owner's office in Glasgow until 1879. Came to US and direct to Chicago taking a position with the Joliet Steel Co until 1884; then started in business for self, and in 1888 formed partnership with R. Floyd Clinch, as Crerar, Clinch & Co., miners and shippers of coal, in which continues. Also vice president and dir. Denison & Sherman Ry. Co., of Denison, TX, and Equitable Coal and Coke Co.; dir. Auditorium Assn; dir. Republic Iron and Steel Co., of New Jersey. Was mem. First Lanark Rifle Vols., of Scotland. Trustee St. Luke's Hosp.(2nd V.P. Of St. Luke's Hosp. in 1905); hon. pres. British Empire Assn.; lst V.P. St. Andrew's soc. President of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society in 1912 who communicated about a National Scotch Day, July l6, 1912, in honor of the Kilties Band at the White City. Clubs: Chicago, Calumet, Onwentsia, Saddle & Cycle, City. Residence: 1901 Prairie Ave. (Residence in 1905: 1827 Michigan Av.) Office: The Rookery.11 Lot 65, Section 18, Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL. Four people are buried in the plot. Marie Crerar, wife of John died, died March 26, 1957, the daughter Marie Owens Crerar came to the funeral from her home in London and died while in Chicago. Catherine H. Warren, age 28, who died March 19, 1936, is another daughter. (Please note that as of this date 1/6/90, there does not appear to be any family connection between this John Crerar and the more famous person of the same name who died before the turn of the century. However, they were both members of the Illinois St. Andrew Society.2,11,20

John Crerar ~ Father of John Crerar b. 1857.11

John Crerar ~ He was born in New York City. His father was a native of Crief, Perthshire, his mother's maiden name was Agnes Smeillie. His father died the year of his son's birth. In 1862 he came to Chicago and was a senior member of the Crerar, Adams & Co. firm. He had large holdings in mfg and transportation corporations, bank and insurance companies. He was a member of the Second Presbyterian Church. He never married and he left $2.5 million to establish a free public library and $100,000 for the erection of a colossal statue of Lincoln. He left $1 million to religious, historical, literary, and benevolent institutions. Member Illinois St. Andrew Society.6

Marie Crerar ~ 1871-1957 ~ Obituary of Mrs. Marie Crerar reads as follows: Mrs. Marie Crerar, 86, widow of John Crerar, former Chicago business leader, died Tuesday in Halifax, Nova Scotia, it was learned here yesterday. Crerar, who died in 1932, founded the coal mining and shipping concern of Crerar, Clinch and Co. Mrs. Crerar leaves a daughter, Marie Owens Crerar of England, and a grandson, John Crerar Reid of California (Chicago Tribune, March 30, 1957.

Marie Owens Crerar ~ d. 1957 ~ Obituary reads as follows: Miss Marie Owens Crerar, daughter of the late John Crerar, Chicago business and civic leader, died yesterday in Passavant Hospital. Miss Crerar, who lived in England, came here last month for the funeral of her mother, Mrs. Marie Crerar, and resided at the Drake Hotel. She was divorced from Robert H. Reid in 1928. A son, John Crerar Reid of California, survives. (Chicago Tribune, May 24, 1957).

John C. Creswell ~ Died January 5, 1870; buried Rosehill, Sec. D, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

Alexander Crichton ~ Physician to Alexander I for 24 years (1801-1825).14

Charles Crichton ~ A Briton with roots in Ayr and Dundee, he is best known as the director of The Lavender Hill Mob in 1951. In 1989 he was nominated for two Academy Awards as director and co-author of A Fish Called Wanda at age 78.14

Jane Crichton ~ Mother John/Malcolm McNeil.11

Janet Crichton ~ Wife of John McNeil of Dundee. Deceased in 1911.11

Michael Crichton ~ He has sold over 100 million books, including The Andromeda Strain, Rising Sun, and Jurassic Park.14

Robert Crichton ~ 1925-1993 ~ He wrote The Secret of Santa Vittoria.14

Arthur Crickston ~ Died August 11, 1877; buried Rosehill, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

James Crighton ~ b. March 1851 ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893.grain commission; Born Longforgan, Perthshire, Scotland, s. of William and Elizabeth (Duncan) Crighton; ed. public schools in Scotland; m. Chicago, Aug. 1882, Mary Wade Hanna; children: Charles Hanna, James Millar. Came from Scotland to Chicago, 1867, and was an employee in the grain commission house of Low Bros. & Co. (Est. 1856); in 1880 firm became Crighton & Scribner, with which continued, as an employee, until death of his uncle, John Crighton, in 1887, when took a junior partner's interest with S. A. Scribner, the firm becoming Scribner, Crighton & Co. Mr. Scribner died 1901, but the firm name was retained until Dec., 1903, when the firm of Crighton & Co. was organized, with Fred D. Austin, who had been with the firm for some years, as junior partner; commission and consignment business in grain, seeds and provisions. Member: Chicago Board of Trade, Milwaukee Chamber of Commerce. Office: Royal Insurance Bldg. Residence: 309 Clinton Av., Oak Park.20

John Crighton ~ d. 1919 ~ For 30+ years member of Chicago Board of Trade and superintendent of one of the most important city missions of the Presbyterian denomination.6

David "Davy" Crockett ~ 1786-1836 ~ His Ulster-Scots father fought for the patriots at Kings Mountain. Fought in the Creek War from 1813-1815. He had no formal education. American pioneer, hunter, politician and humorist; born in Limestone, Tn. He was a member of Congress from Tennessee; served in the Texas War; and was one of the eccentric characters of the Southwest, about whom numerous stories were told. He wrote his Autobiography (1834); Tour to the North and Down East (1835); Sketches and Eccentricities, etc. Defeated in the election of 1835, he went to Texas to join the American forces and was slaughtered with the rest of his countrymen at the Alamo in 1836.1,5,14,17 See January 1996 History Club Newsletter, page 2

James Crockford ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

James Croll ~ He was the first geologist to present the idea that variations in the earth's orbit control long-term climatic change.14

Walter Cronkite ~ Perhaps the most famous anchorman has Scottish, Dutch and German roots.14

Brigadier-General George Crook ~ b. 1828 ~ Described by General William Sherman as America's greatest Indian fighter. Crook was born in Ohio and rose through the ranks in the Civil War. When Crook arrived in Arizona, settlers expected him to exterminate the Apache. Instead, he expressed sympathy for their problems. He was successful in rooting out Geronimo from his mountain retreat. When Geronimo fled again, Crook was replaced. His policy that 'peace was best' was declared at every opportunity. He was, however, one of the greatest scourges of the renegade Indians.1

Ramsay Crooks ~ 1786-1859 ~ Greenock-born. He reached St. Louis, Missouri in the early 1800's as a teenager. By 1870 1,341 residents listed Scotland as their birthplace and it was the national center for the fur trade. Forming a partnership with fellow Scot Robert McClellan, he established a trading post near Calhoun, Nebraska. By 1817 he was general manager of the American Fur Company marrying into a prestigious St. Louis family. He was remembered principally for his unswerving honesty.1 A fur trader born in Greenock, Scotland, he came to America and settled in Wisconsin. In 1809, he entered the service of John Jacob Astor and made, with Donald Mackenzie and Robert Stuart, the memorable 3,500-mile trip to Astoria, on the Pacific Ocean. In 1834, he settled in New York and engaged successfully in business. During his residence at Mackinac Island, Mich., and on his adventurous trips he was a great friend and confidant of the Indians. Black Hawk said he was "the best paleface friend the red men ever had."17

John Croome ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Richard J. L. Crosbie ~ Died July 3, 1904; buried Rosehill, Sec. D, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

Alfred Cross ~ Child Clarence L./Grace.11

Alfred J. Cross ~ b. 1882 ~ born in Riverside, he was the son of Clarence Louine & Grace (Sherman) Cross. He was educated at Armour Academy and Armour Institute of Technology. He assumed management of the C. L. Cross Lumber Company in 1912. In 1906, he married Gertrude Conpropst of Riverside and they have 2 children: Thomas Clarence (b.1908) and Virginia (b. 1912). He lived in Riverside and was a member of the Lumbermen's Assn. of Chicago, and Concatenated Order of Hoo Hoos.2

Alfred J. Cross ~ Father Clarence L. Cross.11

Bessie Cross ~ Child Clarence L./Grace.11

Clarence Louine Cross ~ 1854-1911 ~ Lumberman born in Binghamton, NY; son Alfred J. and Francela R. (Harvey) Cross; came to Chicago 1857; ed public schools and old Chicago Univ; married 1880 Grace, daughter of Ezra L. Sherman of Chicago; children: Bessie, Alfred J., Phyllis, Began business career at 17 as office boy for T. W. Harvey, lumberman; promoted asst. bookkeeper and traveling salesman and 1880-2 mgr of buying, selling and correspondence; sec. T. W. Harvey Lumber Co. 1882-9; then of firm of Cross, Badger & Co. 1889-95; since handling cypress lumber exclusively. Was also identified with an extensive yard business in Nebraska. He realized the importance of cypress wood and set about to introduce it to the midwest. He had innumerable interests in lumber companies throughout the U.S. Mem. Chicago Assn. of Commerce, Chicago Wholesale Lumber Dealers' Exchange. Former trustee and pres. Village of Riverside. Republican. Episcopalian. clubs: Union League, Riverside golf, Lumbermen's golf. Recreations: golf, hunting and fishing. Residence: Riverside, IL. Office: Monadnock Bldg. See Alfred J. Cross, son.2,11,12

Phylis Cross ~ Child Clarence L./Grace.11

Patricke Crosshone ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

James Crow ~ 1800-1859 ~ Graduated as a physician from Edinburgh University. In 1822 he went from Philadelphia to Woodford County, KY, where his knowledge of chemistry enabled him vastly to improve the methods of distilling whiskey. He is generally given credit for founding the modern bourbon whiskey industry.1,14,17 Also see October 1996 History Club Newsletter, Page 3

Allan D. Cruickshank ~ A New Yorker born in the Virgin Islands to a Scottish father worked as the official photographer of the National Audubon Society. A noted ornithologist, he died in the 1970s known as the modern Audubon with a camera.14

Nancy Cruickshank ~ 1804-1854 ~ Wife of Robert Gordon McClellan. Born Salem, NY; died in Hebron, NY.4 William Cruickshank ~ 1745-1800 ~ He discovered the ovum in mammals.14

Edwin Allen Cruikshank ~ b. 1843 ~ of Scottish ancestry, he was a real estate operator and one of the founders of the Real Estate Exchange in 1883.17

James Cruikshank ~ b. 1831 ~ Of Scottish descent, he was noted for his activity in furthering education in Brooklyn, NY.17

Emma Crump ~ Wife of Isaac Newton Cole.4

David Culbert ~ - Indentured servant 1774 sent to Maryland on the Jenny & Polly. He was a Brazier and 19.10

John Carey Culberton ~ Child Carey/Katherine.11

Carey Culbertson ~ b. 1871 ~ Physician born Piper City IL; son Samuel D. (M.D. b. 1866)) and Clara Kate (Culver) Culbertson; He comes from a family of Scotch origin, although the branch to which he belongs was established in Ireland about 1650. The next generation came to the US about 1680, settling in the Atlantic coast country. A.B. Northwestern Univ 1895, graduate student in pathology, 1897-8; M.D. Northwestern Univ Med School 1898; studied at Vienna 1903; married Katherine Graham of Manitowoc, Wis, daughter of General and Mrs. Harvey Graham, 1900; 2 children: John Carey (b.1901) and Virginia Graham (b. 1905). Interne, Chicago Lying-In Hosp 1898-9; practiced medicine at Piper city, 1899-1902, Chicago since 1903. Instr. obstetrics and gynecology, Rush Med Coll. since 1904; asst. attending obstetrician and gynecologist, Presbyterian Hosp.; consulting obstetrician and gynecologist, Mary Thompson Hosp. Lit. editor The Club Fellow, 1898-1903; contributor stories to mags and articles to med. journals. Mem. A.M.A., Am. Acad Medicine, IL State Med soc., Chicago Med. Soc., Chicago Pathol. Soc., Lt. Medical Reserve Corps of the US, Therapeutic Club, Sigma chi, Theta Nu Episilon, Ph Beta Phi, Art Institute. Presbyterian. Republican. Club: Illinois. Recreations, golf and literature. Residence: 2854 Washington Blvd. Office 1006, 108 N. State Street.11,12

Samuel D. Culbertson ~ b. 1866 ~ Father Carey Culbertson. The family immigrated in the 1680's. He became a resident of Piper City, IL and practiced medicine there until the time of his death. He had just entered the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia when the Civil war was inaugurated and he put aside his books in order to enlist. He participated in a number of important engagements, including the battles of the Army of the Potomac, Chancellorsville and Antietam and was wounded at Chancellorsville. Some of his ancestors had been involved in the Revolutionary War and also the War of 1812. He was married in Illinois to Clara Kate Culver born in Pennsylvania and living in Piper City, IL. She had two brothers who were soldiers in the Civil war, Joseph Z. Culver having been captain of infantry, while Dr. Ira Culver, a graduate of the Univ of Virginia enlisted as a surgeon and was under the command of General Lawton. subsequently, he was with General Custer in the west and afterward was stationed at Fort Worth, TX. He is now practicing medicine in Texas. Children: John C. (a banker at Piper City), Carey Culbertson, Helen, a graduate of Monmouth College, of Monmouth IL; and Josephine, wife of Dr. R. S. McCaughey of Hoopeston, IL.11

Virginia Graham Culbertson ~ Child Carey/Katherine.11

Charles Mason Cullen ~ 1829-1903 Associate Justices of Delaware of Scottish descent.17

William Cullen ~ 1710-1790 ~ He was the foremost medical teacher of his time, and at Glasgow University became Britain's first chemistry professor. But he is best remembered for his Edinburgh Pharmacopoeia, the first modern pharmacopoeia, published in 1776.14

Clara Kate Culver ~ Mother Carey Culbertson.11

Sir Archibald Cuming ~ Finding litigation in Edinburgh unrewarding, he arrived in 1727 in America. He took advantage of the Cherokee nation by getting them to kneel and pledge allegiance to George II. Determined to make the king aware of his achievement, he sailed from Charleston SC in the spring of 1730 and took seven young chiefs with him to London. After a year the Indians returned but Cuming remained due to financial problems.1

Elizabeth Ann Cumming ~ Mother Thomas Innes.11

John Cumming ~ Strathspey, led expedition of 173 in 1774 on board the George of Greenock. He found a 1,000 acre site of land south of Albany, NY on the Hudson River and named it Oswald Field. He was identified as a leader of the loyalists during the revolution and advised his people to flee. He was jailed, but eventually was able to leave for Britain. The boat sank, but the passengers were saved. The people left in Oswald Field were denied their request to return home and were slowly absorbed into the communities of upper New York.1

Susan Cumming ~ Mother Thomas C. MacMillan.11

e. e. cummings ~ 1894-1962 ~ Scottish-American poet who spelled his name in a distinctive way and came from a family which claimed descent from the Red Comyn.14

Cora Cummings ~ Administrator of The Scottish Home on March 24, 1917, before the fire. She served as the administrator for twenty-five years, lived on the premises, and was a working staff member. Her salary was reduced from one hundred dollars a month to fifty dollars at the height of the depression.

Sarah Cummings ~ Married Samuel French. Daughter of John Cummings.4

Albert Baird Cummins ~ eighteenth Governor of Iowa, of Ulster Scot ancestry.17

Robert McLean Cumnock ~ b. 1844 ~ Univ. Professor; born Scotland. Son of Robert McLean and Margaret (Goodlet) Comnock; A.B. Wesleyan Univ 1868; A.M. 1871; (L.H.D. , Dickson Coll 1903); married Annie Webster of Evanston, IL 1877; 2 sons: Wallace W. and Claude B. Prof rhetoric and elocution since 1868; also prof. elocution and oratory Garrett Bibl. Inst.; dir. and instr. vocal expression and dramatic action and Shakespearian and bible reading, School of Oratory of Northwestern University. Author: Cumnock's Choice Readings, 1881; Cumnock's School speaker 1887. Methodist. Member Phi Beta Kappa, Psi Upsilon. Residence 1804 Hinman Av., Evanson, IL.11Cunard, Samuel ~ Started Cunard Lines. A Canadian of Scottish ancestry, he came to Britain for financing and expertise. He was joined by David MacIvor, James Donaldson, and a Glasgow minister's sons, George and James Burns, who were already shipping between Glasgow and Liverpool. One of the great Scottish engineers, Robert Napier, joined with the others in 1839 and designed and built the first four Cunarders for the North Atlantic.14Cunningham, Alexander (Sir) ~ 1814-1893 ~ He was the "father" of Indian archaeology and made many contributions to the chronology of Buddhism.14

John Cunningham ~ b. 1864 ~ He seconded the minutes of January 4, 1940, meeting. He was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, in July 1864. He was educated in the common schools of Scotland. Mr. Cunningham arrived in the United States on May 4, 1886 and on January 24, 1888, he married Margaret L. Fitz-Patrick. The marriage produced four children, but only Allan D., and Margaret (Mrs. G.A. Amberg) survived. ~ Mr. Cunningham started a small ice cream business in 1893 and for more than forty years was identified with the development of the ice cream business in Chicago. He was President of the National Association of ice cream Manufacturers in 1907 and 1909. He was President of the Illinois Association of ice cream Manufacturers in 1912 and 1913. He was a Republican, a Presbyterian, and a 32nd degree Mason. He belonged to the Union League Club and the Athletic Association. He loved shooting and golf. His home was located at 3030 Sheridan Road and his office was at 2235 W. Van Buren St. in Chicago. Mr. Cunningham was President of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society in 1935.

Johnny and Phil Cunningham ~ Featured singers in Brilliant Celtic groups, such as the Tannahill Wavers, Boys of the Lough, Capercaille, Battlefield Band, Willy Wizard and Runrig.14

Josephine Mary Cunningham ~ 3rd Wife Milton W. Kirk. She was from Buffalo, NY.11

Viscount Andrew Browne Cunningham ~ Commander in Chief of the Mediterranean at the beginning of WWII fought a series of battles which crippled the Italian navy. He was British first sea lord from 1943 to 1946.14

John Curmickhell ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Eliza Curr ~ Mother Maxwell Edgar.11

John Currer ~ Son of a minister. Dumfermline, Scotland family. Preached in Hebron, IL, in Girard, KS and LeSuer, MN.6

Dr. William Currie ~ 1754-1823, served in the medical service during the Revolutionary War, and was reputed one of the most gifted men of his time as physician and classical scholar.17

Henrietta Currie ~ b. ca. 1815 in Edinburgh, Scotland, d. 1850; married Peter Simpson in Scotland. Children: Mary Ann, Mary Ann (2nd) Mary Jane, William and 2 others d. bef. 1850. Mary Ann d. 23 July 1845, Robert and Susan.19

James Currie ~ 1756-1805 ~ He was the first physician to use the thermometer in clinical medicine. He as born in Dumfriesshire.14

Laughlin Currie ~ In 1805, just after the US bought Louisiana, four Scots families went from North Carolina to Tennessee and after a year moved into Mississippi. They started farming in Jefferson County in 1806. See George Torrey.1

Rev. David Currie ~ of Edinburgh, tutored Richard Henry Lee who introduced the Ellen Currie now in her 80's, left Greenock in 1930 and settled in Marshall MI (named after Chief Justice John Marshall of Virginia) with her Rothesay-born husband, Colin. They promoted the idea of senior citizen housing and worked until the local authority agreed to build a 100 unit development for the elderly. They were the first to move in. She is still involved in community fund-raising.1

Daniel Curry ~ 1809-87 was President of De Pauw University (1855-59).17Samuel Allerdice engraved a large number of plates of Dobson's edition of Rees's Cyclop'ia, 1794-1803.17

George Armstrong Custer ~ Lt. Col. who made his "last stand" at the Little Big Horn in 1876, was descended from the Cursiter family of the Orkney Islands according to one source. Although this has been disputed his middle name also points to Scottish origins. Among those massacred at the battle were at least seven Scottish soldiers.14

John Cuthbertson ~ A circuit-rider Presbyterian minister who traveled nearly 40 years through Pennsylvania in the 1700's establishing churches. He is believed to have ridden more than 60,000 miles, preached 2,400 days, baptized between 1,600 and 1,800 children, married 250 couples and founded 15 churches.1

Wayne Rethford, President Emeritus
Illinois Saint Andrew Society
Scottish-American History Club
2800 Des Plaines Avenue
North Riverside, IL 60546