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Robert Hall Babcock ~ physician; b. Watertown, N.Y., July 26, 1851; s. Robert S. Babcock, Kalamazoo, Mich.; grad. Chicago Medical College, M.D., 1878, New York College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1879, after which studied 3 years in Germany; m. Mont Claire, N.Y., June 12, 1879, Lizzy C. Weston, of New York City; children: Eleanor Clinton, Robert Weston. In practice of medicine in Chicago sine Oct., 1883; since 1891 mem. of faculty of College of Physicians and Surgeons, in which is now professor of clinical medicine and diseases of the chest; was one of founders of Post-Graduate Med. School of Chicago, and a professor there for several years; has been on staff of Cook Co. Hosp. for most of time during past 12 years and now attending physician. Mem. Am. Medical Assn., Illinois State Medical Soc., Chicago Medical Soc., Am. Climatological Assn., Congress of Physicians and Surgeons, National Assn. for the study and Prevention of Tuberculosis, Mississippi Valley Medical Assn.; honorary mem. Colorado State Medical Soc., corresponding mem. Medical Chirurgical Soc. of Edinburgh, Scotland. Author of "Diseases of the Heart and Arterial System." Republican. Presbyterian. Mem. S.A.R., Military Order of Foreign Wars. Club: University. Office: 92 State Street. Residence: Virginia Hotel.20

David A. Badenoch ~ 1884-1933 ~ Child John J./Clemence Badenoch. Buried Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL (cemetery records).11

Edward C. Badenoch ~ Son John Joseph/Clemence Badenoch.11

Ernest W. Badenoch ~ Child John J./Clemence Badenoch.11

John Joseph Badenoch, Jr. ~ 1877-1899 ~ Son John J./Clemence Badenoch.11Badenoch, John Joseph ~ hay, grain, etc.; b. Fyfeshire, Scotland, Apr. 19, 1851; s. Joseph and Helen (tough) Badenoch; ed. public schools of New York; m. Chicago, 1874, Clemence Ward; children: Joseph W., John J., Jr. (deceased), Edward C., Annie L., David A., Ernest W. Began in New York as errand boy; came to Chicago 1867, and was in employ of M. Kronberg & Co., wholesale jewelers, for 7 years; in 1873 established present firm of J. J. Badenoch & Co., commission merchants and shippers of hay, grain, feed, etc., of which is still at head as pres. Republican. Was Alderman of old 11th Ward; pres. of the board of Election Commissioners 3 years, and Board of Education 3 years; gen. supt. of police of the City of Chicago 2 years. Mem. Chicago Board of Trade. Mason: Past Commander St. Bernard Commandery, K. T. Pres. and one of founders of Masonic Orphans' Home. Pres. St. Andrew's Soc. Club: Illinois. Office: 44 S. Desplanes St. Residence: 282 Park Av.20

Joseph Badenoch ~ 1814-1897 ~ Father John Joseph Badenoch.11

Sir Douglas Bader ~ a British air ace who, despite the handicap of flying with two artificial legs, was credited with downing 24 Nazi planes from 1940 to 1941. He was shot down and captured, yet despite his handicap, escaped from the Germans in France. His mother was Jessie McKenzie.14

Max Baer ~ Heavyweight boxing champion of the world from 1934 to 1935 who wore the Star of David on his trunks to win Jewish fans but was actually of German and Scottish parentage.14

Joan Baez ~ Singer of Mexican and Scottish heritage.14

Margaret Baikie ~ The "Queen For the Day" at the World's Fair in 1933 was a sixteen year old Scottish lassie whose parents were from the Highlands of Scotland. The newspaper in Stromness, Scotland reported: "Sentiment runs deep in the heart of the Scots, and it will not be thought strange that the one Highlander who attracted more attention than anyone else was the sweet, modest sixteen-year-old Margaret Baikie" . Margaret also was an accomplished piper and owns hundreds of dancing medals and trophies. She was Mrs. Carl Johnson and was active in Scottish events as a life member of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society. She died at the Scottish Home. See story on John Sutherland in the July 1994 History Club Newsletter.

William BalfourBaikie ~ 1825-1864 ~ opened the Niger to commerce. In 1857 he founded the town of Lokoja.14

Mary Bailey ~ Wife of Aaron Gregory and mother of James Orlando Gregory.19

MatthewBaillie ~ 1761-1823 ~ He was the first to describe dermoid cysts in the ovary and the first physician to treat pathology as a separate subject.14

Alexander Bain ~ applied for the first patent on facsimile transmission by wire in Scotland in 1843, just a few years after the basic technology was produced by Henry and Morse.14

Alexander Bain ~ Indentured servant 1774. sent to Maryland on the Peggy. He was a "Sawyer" and 27 years old.10

George Bain ~ 1836-91 ~ Merchant, banker and director in many railroads, banks and insurance companies, he was born in Stirling.17

George Bain ~ was responsible for hauling the statue and the granite blocks for the pedestal of the Burns monument.

John Firman Bain ~ Husband of Eliz. Clark Patten. Children were Enoch, Henry Lant, James, Robert and William.4

William Bain ~ Died March 27, 1909; Buried by Illinois St. Andrew Society at Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, Section E.

Aly Baine ~ Featured singer in Brilliant Celtic groups, such as the Tannahill Wavers, Boys of the Lough, Capercaille, Battlefield Band, Willy Wizard and Runrig.14

Bill Baird ~ d. 1987 ~ Puppeteer who broke several box-office records on Broadway, he was of Scottish ancestry. Baird enchanted millions on television with his "little ones" and trained a generation of puppeteers, including Jim Henson, creator of the Muppets. (First name is spelled "Bil" in the book - don't know if it's a typo or not.).14

Charles H. Baird ~ Died June 5, 1898; buried by Illinois St. Andrew Society at Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, Section E.

Rear Admiral George W. Baird ~ b. 1843 ~ naval engineer who invented the distiller for making fresh water from sea water and patented many other inventions in connection with machinery and ship ventilation.17

James Baird ~ b. 1843 ~ Born in Dumfriess-shire, he was a shepherd until he came to America at the age of 40. He worked on the Northern Pacific Railroad. Reaching Nobles Co. in Minnesota he took up farming and raising thoroughbred Shropshire sheep.1

John Logie Baird ~ 1888-1946 ~ A native of Helensburgh and the actual inventor of television. He was the first to achieve transmission over any distance. He reproduced objects in outline (1924), transmitted recognizable human faces (1925) and on January 26, 1926 at 22 Frith Street in London, before a distinguished audience of scientists and radio engineers he demonstrated the first true television. In 1928 he demonstrated the first practical color television. In the same year, he invented the video disc, sent the first pictures from London to New York and the first from shore to ship. In 1929 Baird had launched his first television service via BBC transmitter and was broadcasting until 1935. In 1930 he marketed the first television sets, the Baird televisions and set up the first big screen in the London Coliseum. He also invented phonovision, a talking picture telephone, noctovision, which enabled sight in the dark, and three-dimensional television. Handicapped throughout his life by ill health and poverty, he had to try many things to keep economically afloat. He was the sometime producer of Osmo boot polish, Speedy Cleaner soap, and Baird's Trinidad Jam, among other things. While employed at a power plant, he even tried to turn coal dust into diamonds. Baird brought a great deal of energy to bear on the coal dust, fuses were blown, Glasgow was blacked out for 11 minutes, and Baird was fired.14, 18

Matthew Baird ~ 1817-77 ~ Born in Londonderry of Ulster Scot parentage, he was a partner in the Baldwin Locomotive Works. In 1865 he became sole proprietor besides being a director in several other important corporations.17

Jane Baker ~ M. 22 Mar. 1876 Chester Farmer in Winnebago Co., Ill. They settled in Rockford.19

Mandlebert Wendell Baker ~ b. 1875 ~ President of Baker Mfg. Company which builds road grading machinery and tools. Son of Andrew H (German) and Marietta (McGlasson) Baker (Scottish). His grandfather, Moses Wendell Baker was born in St. Francois County, Missouri in 1809 and is said to have been the first white child born in that district. His parents emigrated from Kentucky. The second wife of Moses W. Baker bore the maiden name of Lydia Kinkead and was a daughter of Samuel Kinkead, a Scotchman who also moved from Kentucky to Missouri. It was their son, Andrew H. who is the father of Mandelbert Wendell. He graduated from school in 1896 and started work as a bank clerk; Asst. Cashier in White city State Bank, KS in 1899; later cashier. He resigned in 1908 to move to Chicago and extend his mfg. interests. He married 1906 in White City Kansas Margaret Miller, daughter of Frank B. Miller. She graduated from Knox college at Galesburg with the class of 1898. Children: Lucy Wendell. Christian church, Odd Fellows society, Rotary Club of Chicago, Association of Credit Men. Republican.2,12

Arthur James Balfour (First Earl of Balfour) ~ 1848-1930 ~ Head of the British Foreign Office, a former prime minister (1902-06) and native Scot. Abba Evan called the Balfour Declaration of 1917, which opened the way for the creation of Israel, "the authentic turning-point in Jewish political history.".4

Edward Baliol ~ Son of John/King of Scotland. He recovered his father's kingdom in 1332 and was upheld by Edward III.5

John de Baliol ~ 1249-1315 ~ King of Scotland. Competed with Robert Bruce for the Scottish throne; Edward I decided in his favor. He only reigned 4 years when Edward deposed him, committing him to the tower, and finally banished him from the country.5

Ida Ball ~ Wife of Robert James McCleery.4

James Ballantyne ~ During the Civil War was a newspaper writer specializing in finance and commercial matters on the "Republican".6

IanBallatine ~ 1916-1995 ~ Ballantine and his wife, Betty founded Ballatine Books, Penguin USA and Bantam books, which led the paperback revolution in the U.S. Ballatine, born in NYC to a Scottish father and a Russian-Jewish mother "helped make the genres of science fiction, fantasy, western and mystery".14

Mrs. Robert Ballatine - See Robert Burns statue. 292 S. Irving Av. In 1902, and for the first time, a woman was elected a Director of the Association as the First Secretary of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society. She was a woman of tremendous energy and ability. In fact, without her leadership as President of the Ladies' Auxillary, the Burns Memorial project might never have been completed. In 1903, Mrs. Ballanatine made a trip to Scotland and visited with W. Grant Stevenson concerning his work on the monument. As a result of that visit, installment payments were agreed upon, and the first payment was made for completion of the work.

Patrick Ballingall ~ First Secretary of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society 11/30/1845.

William Banes ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Alexander Bannerman ~ Died March 30, 1897; buried by Illinois St. Andrew Society at Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, Section E.

Alexander Bannerman ~ Died June 4, 1901; buried by Illinois St. Andrew Society at Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, Section E.

Frederick Grant Banting ~ A Canadian of partly Scottish descent, he was one of the team headed by J. J. R. Macleod that discovered insulin.14

George Harrison Barbour ~ b. 1843 ~ Of Scottish parentage, he was Vice President and General Manager of the Michigan Stove Company, the largest establishment of the kind in the world.17

John Barbour ~ 1325?-1395 ~ He wrote the first substantial Scottish poem, "The Bruce," in 1376. A patriotic history of the Scottish War of Independence against England, the poem covers the period from 1286 to 1332 and was the first to glorify the life of King Robert I, the Bruce.14

William Barbour ~ b. 1847 ~ A thread manufacturer, he was the grandson of a Scot who moved from Paisley, Scotland to Lisburn, Ireland in 1768, and in 1784 established what is now the oldest linen thread manufacturing establishment in the world.17

Alexander Barclay ~ d. 1771 ~ Grandson of the Apologist of the Quakers, was Comptroller of the customs under the Crown in Philadelphia from 1762 till his death.17

Barclay Brothers ~ John, James, Andrew and Robert. Lived in Scotland Township, IL 1840's.6

D. F. Barclay ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born Edinburgh, Scotland

David Barclay ~ Died April 23, 1874; buried by Illinois St. Andrew Society at Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, Sec. D

David F. Barclay ~ d. 1912 ~ He was a resident of Elgin, Illinois in 1912, for more than 50 years and served a term as mayor of the city. He was also a member of the City Council and the School Board. In addition, he served on the Board of several banks in Elgin and was considered a very generous man. He was a member of the First Methodist Episcopal Church of Elgin.

John Charles Barclay ~ telegraph manager and descendant of John Barclay who emigrated from Scotland in 1684, patented the printing telegraph "said to be the most important invention in the telegraph world since Edison introduced the quadruplex system."17

Robert Barclay ~ Governor of New Jersey in 1682.14

Dr. W. A. Barclay ~ On November 17, 1905, Clan MacDuff and Clan Campbell held a grand ball at the Second Regiment Armory, which had been furnished without charge by the Colonel in regard to the Burns Memorial. He was elected President. The dedication of the Burns monument in Garfield Park began at 2:30 p.m. with a Call to Order by Dr. W. A. Barclay.

Elizabeth Barkeley ~ Married William Randles.4

AlexanderBarnet ~ Brother of James Barnet, publisher.6

James Barnet ~ One of the best known printers in Chicago in the 1870's. He and his brother, Alexander, were typical, loyal Scots and were among those who organized the Scotch Presbyterian Church. James was a book publisher and writer and many pamphlets and books were issued before the Chicago Fire of 1871. Nearly all these have disappeared. One, however survives (Thomas C. MacMillan's personal library) called "The Martyrs and Heroes of Illinois", published in 1865.6

A. Barnett ~ brass-founder, Franklin street, loss of entire stock in the Chicago fire.

George Barnett ~ First Vice President of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society 11/30/1845.

William Barnie ~ 1896-1983 ~ a native of Edinburgh, in 1950 at the age of 54, he became the oldest man to swim the English Channel.14

Archibald Barr ~ 1855-1931 Scottish engineer and inventor; his numerous inventions include range finders and the optophone for enabling the blind to read books for sound.5,14

Bob Barr ~ Lives in Orlando, retired as manager of Eastman Kodak working on the 'Journey to Imagination' at Disney World, he is now president of 'Give kids the world' a charity dedicated to helping terminally ill children all over the world fulfill their greatest wish ~ meeting Mickey Mouse. His parents left Glasgow for America in 1923, and he has served as M.C. at over a hundred Highland Games over the last 20 years, including the International Scottish Gathering at Stone Mountain, GA. He speaks and gives audio-visual presentations at Burns Dinners and Scots banquets, schools, churches and other organizations. In 1990, he was elected a Fellow of the Scottish Highlands Society and the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. In 1991, Stirling District Council honored him for promoting friendship between Scotland and the US.1

John Barr ~ Brother of Wee Charlie Barr, was a noted skipper and raced the 40-foot cutter Clara in 1884 which they brought from Scotland.1

Wee Charlie Barr ~ 1864-1911 ~ Born in Gourock, this yacht-racing captain gained his first sea-going experience on a flounder trawler. He became a naturalized citizen in 1889.1

William Barr ~ 1827-1908 ~ merchant and philanthropist, was founder of one of the largest dry goods firms in the Middle West. He was born in Lanark.17

Sir James Matthew Barrie ~ 1860-1937 ~ He was born in Kirriemuir, Angus, the son of a weaver. He was already a well-known novelist when, in 1904, he authored the play Peter Pan, which made him famous.14, 18

Dr. James Barry ~ Inspector general of the British Army hospitals. It was found upon her death in 1865 that she had been a Scottish woman and an Edinburgh graduate of unknown parentage.14

John George Bartholomew ~ 1860-1920 ~ He created the innovation of showing relief by gradations of color - dark blue to lighter blue for water, green to tan for land, all of which is now standard. He also named Antarctica.14

Josiah Bartlett ~ Signer of the Declaration of Independence from New Hampshire.14

Moses Bartlett ~ Married Mary McAllister 2nd.4

Theodore A. Bartlett ~ Husband of Lillie J. Ferguson m. 28 Sept. 1859 in Winnebago Co., Il.19

General George Bartram ~ of Scottish parentage, he was one of the "Committee of Correspondence" appointed to take action on the "Chesapeake Affair" in 1807, when war with Britain seemed imminent, and was active in military affairs during the war of 1812.17

Newton Bateman ~ Educated at Illinois College. In 1858 he was elected State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Later, he was President of Knox College, Galesburg (1875-93). He was one of three to found the National Bureau of Education.6

Alexander Baxter ~ Died October 16, 1880' buried by Illinois St. Andrew Society at Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, Section E.

Robert W. Baxter ~ b. 1859 ~ Railroad Official; born Scotland. Son Edwin Walter and Helen Maria Baxter; grad Griggsville High School 1891, Whipple Acad., Jacksonville, IL 1893; Ph.B., Ill coll., Jacksonville 1896; M.D. Northwestern UniversityMedical School 1896; married 1905 Cecile Maude Hitchcock; Interne St. Luke's Hospital, Chicago 1899-1901; instr. in pathology 1902-3; instr. in haemotology 1902-4, Northwestern University Med School; attending physician St. Vincent's Infant and Ravenswood hosps. Asst. editor Ill. Med. Journal. Formerly sec. and pres. North shore Branch Med. Soc.; mem. AMA, Chicago Med. Soc., IL St. Med. Soc; pres. Physicians' Club. republican. Congregationalist. Recreation: traveling. Residence: 5216 Kenmore Av. Office 4603 Evanston Av.11

William Baxter ~ 1886-1964 ~ was financial secretary and economic expert to the Etyptian government from 1924 to 1929 and 1943 to 1946.14

Catherine Bayne ~ Born in Edinburgh. Opened a boarding school on Randolph between Clark and Dearborn. 14.

William Beames ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Alan L. Bean ~ Scot and astronaut who walked on the moon on the second mission. Took along a tartan swatch of cloth and later send pieces of it to various McBean societies throughout the world.1,14

Alexander Bean ~ Settled in Georgia 1775. Sailed on the Georgia Packet seeking better employment opportunities. He was 23, a shoemaker.10

Christianna Bean ~ Settled in Georgia 1775. Sailed on the Georgia Packet. Wife of Alexander, she was 18.10

John Bean ~ Came to America in 1660, his family were pioneers in new settlements in New Hampshire and Maine and bore the burden of such a life and profited by it. About 100 of them served in the Revolutionary War.17

Capt. William Bean ~ First white man to bring his family to Tennessee.14

James Beard ~ Wrote extensively on food and win and found among his Scottish ancestors "cutthroats and horse thieves. Beard's house in New York City is now a culinary museum and school.14

Alex Beaton ~ Glasgow born singer and guitarist formerly with The Cumberland Three in the 1960's, he travels America to the Scottish Games playing concerts and entertaining at dinners. Plays with Alasdair Fraser.1

Rev. David Beaton ~ b. 1848 ~ Congregational clergyman; b. Arbuthnot, Scotland. Ed. Aberdeen and Universityof Edinburgh (M.A.) 1876; B.D. Theol. Hall, Scotland Congl. Church 1879. Ordained Congregational ministry 1877; pres. Redfield (S.D.) Coll 1889-91; Pastor, Lincoln Park Congregational Church, Chicago. Lecturer in general literature, University of Chicago since 1906; Pres. Poly soc., Chicago, since 1903. Arthur: Cyrus the Magician 1898; Selfhood and Service 1898; a Scientific System of Religious Education. Member, Illinois St. Andrew Society in 1893. Address: 2573 N. Clark St, in 1911. (In 1905 residence was 1920 Arlington Pl.)11,20

William Beaton ~ Died June 26, 1868; buried by Illinois St. Andrew Society at Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago IL, Sec. D

Alexander H. Beattie ~ Child of John Beattie and Mary A. Davidson b. ca. 1839, d. 20 Dec. 1884, Helena, Mont.19

Anna Beattie ~ Child of John Beattie and Mary A. Davidson, b. 1849, unmarried and lived in Rockford, Ill.19

Edward W. Beattie ~ Child of John Beattie and Mary A. Davidson, b. ca. 1843; m. Caroline O. Berry. Lived in Helena, Mont.19

George D. Beattie ~ Child of John Beattie and Mary A. Davidson, b. ca. 1853. He lived in Helena, Mont.19

Hannah Beattie ~ Child of John Beattie and Mary A. Davidson, b. May 1845, d. 14 Sept. 1846.19

James Beattie ~ 1735-1803 ~ He was a contemporary of Burns. The son of a Scottish farmer, he published "The Minstrel" in 1771 and it heralded the Romantic revival, influencing Burns, Scott, Byron and Tennyson. Beattie was welcomed into Dr. Johnson's circle in London and was even awarded a life pension by King George III.14

John Beattie ~ b. 21 June 1811 in Northern Ireland but was of Scotch ancestry. He d. 3 Dec. 1889, bur. in Greenwood Cem.; m. at Niagara, Canada, Mary A. Davidson, b. 2 Feb. 1815 in North Ireland, d. 7 Dec. 1891, Rockford. John came to Rockford, Ill, in Oct. 1837 and was a very successful carpenter and contractor. He was given valuable property on West State Street in payment for his work on the old courthouse. They had 7 children, Alexander H., John H., Edward W., Hannah, Mary I., Anna and George D.19

John H. Beattie ~ Child of John Beattie and Mary A. Davidson, b. ca. 1841, d. 26 Feb. 1863.19

John Beattie ~ The granite used in the Statue of Liberty's pedestal was supplied by a Connecticut quarry owned by this native of Edinburgh. He also supplied the stone for the gigantic abutments of the Brooklyn Bridge.14

Mary I. Beattie ~ Child of John Beattie and Mary A. Davidson, b. ca. 1847; unmarried and lived in Rockford, Ill.19

Minna Beattie ~ Wife Robert D. MacArthur.11

Charles Beatty ~ Minister who preached the first sermon in Pittsburgh after the loss by the French and Indians to the British.14

John Wesley Beatty ~ b. 1851 ~ He was Art Director of the Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh in 1921 and was of Scottish parentage.17

Warren Beatty ~ b. 1937 ~ Better known as an actor, he won the 1985 Academy Award as best director for Reds. His mother is a MacLean and his sister is Shirley MacLaine.14

Alexander Richard Beck ~ retired lumberman; b. Madgeburg, Prussia, May 3, 1839; s. Alexander and Jane (Kirk) Beck; father was Scotch and mother was English; came to U.S. settling in Milwaukee, Oct. 1846; ed. public schools of Milwaukee; m. 1st, 1869 Elizabeth Wall of Milwaukee, who died the same year leaving him 1 child: Edward W. R.; m. 2nd 1871, Annie Walsh of Chicago: Children: Margaret J., Clara B., Alexander E., Mary G., Annie L. Began career of sailor on Great Lakes in 1852, filling all positions from cabin boy to capt. until 1866; lumber inspector in Chicago market, 1866-73; foreman of lumber yard for Sylvester Wheelock, 1873-4; mgr. of lumber yard at S. Chicago for Mr. Wheelock, 1874-8; In business for himself, 1878-84; incorporated 1884 as a. R. Beck Lumber Co., of which he was pres.; was treas. of the Rudolph Hegener Co. Was school dir. and pres. Board of Education S. Chicago, 1875-9; trustee village of Hyde Park, 1878-84. Democrat. Prominent Mason; has served as high priest of the Royal Arch Chapter and Eminent Commander of K. T. Residence: 6019 Kimbark Av.20

Hattie Becker ~ Wife of Thomas Harper.4

Jean Beith ~ Mother William M. Johnston.11

Myrtle Beitle ~ Wife of Andrew Randles.4

Addie H. Belknap ~ of Byron, Illinois m. 20 Oct. 1872 James Ferguson.19

Alexander Graham Bell ~ 1819-1905 ~ Born in Edinburgh and inventor of the telephone June 5, 1875, had a father and grandfather active in research and practice of speech therapy while teaching the deaf. (Jim Thompson),13 He and Samuel Langley launched a manner, powered, heavier-than-air flight on the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. 9 days before the Wright Brothers flew at Kittyhawk, NC. The Smithsonian Institution called the Bell-Langley plane "the first flying machine in the history of the world capable of flight with a man," and displayed this plane and not the Wright brothers' plane until 1948. Bell continued his interest in flight at his home Beinn Bhreagh at Baddeck, Nova Scotia, where he founded the Aerial Experiment Association. He founded AT&T in New York and was, with his wife, the owner of 1,507 of the 5,000 shares of what became the world's second largest company. In 1898 he rescued the National Geographic Society, the world's largest nonprofit scientific and educational institution from his father-in-law. The organization had nearly failed, having only 1,000 members and $2,000 in debts when Bell took over as its second president. Today, the society, with its ten million members and world-renowned magazine, are presided over by Bell, great-grandson, Gilbert M. Grosvenor. In 1903, he was the first to publish the idea of treating deep-seated cancers with radium.14,17

Andrew Bell ~ Original engraver for the Encyclopedia Britannica first published by a "Society of Gentlemen in Scotland" in 1768. This the world's greatest reference source, still displays its thistle emblem.14

Sir Charles Bell ~ 1774-1842 ~ He was the first great investigator of the central nervous system. He discovered motor, sensory and motor-sensory nerves, the most important discoveries in physiology since Harvey's circulation of the blood. He was also the first to describe the disease we now call Bell's palsy.14

Daisy Bell ~ Daughter James H./Mary E. Bell.11

Henry Bell ~ had the first commercial steamboat success in Europe with his Comet made her first trip with passengers from Glasgow to Greenock in 1812.

James Bell ~ Dearborn street, lost furniture in the Chicago fire.

James Hamilton Bell ~ b. 1839 ~ Importer teas, coffees, spices. Born New Hudson, NY; son Nathaniel Davidson and Rebecca (Anderson) Bell; ed. Rushford, NY Academy to 1859; married Lexington KY in 1877 Mary Elizabeth Stone; children: Mrs. Elsie Davidson, Daisy Bell. worked on father's farm until 1861; entered service of 6th NY Cav. as 2d lt., Co. I, Oct. 1861; mustered out in Aug. 1865 as Capt; was in all campaigns of the Army of the Potomac and was with Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley campaign. Began business career Nov. 1865 at Sparta, Wisconsin as wholesale grocer. Came to Chicago in 1872 and became a mem. of the firm of Bell, Conrad & Co.; purchased Mr. Conrad's interest in 1897 and changed the firm name to J. H. Bell & Co., of which is pres. Republican. Mem. Loyal Legion, George H. Thomas Poast G.A.R. Club; union League. Residence: 4037 Drexel Blvd. Office: 209 N. Michigan Ave.11

Jane Bell ~ 1824-1889 ~ Wife of Edward Cook McCleery. She was born in Dalton, Ohio and died in Washington, Iowa.4

John Bell ~ In the early 18th century, he was a physician who went to St. Petersburg in search of adventure and joined several Russian embassies traveling to Persia, China, Mongolia and Siberia. He accompanied Peter the Great on a trip to the Caspian Gates. He was also his physician.14

John Stewart Bell ~ 1928-1990 ~ Swiss physicist who was born in Belfast, the son of working-class parents. He published Bell's theorem in 1964. Subsequent experiments have proved the theorem, solving one of the most basic questions in physics relating to communications between distant particles.14

John Bell ~ The Bells of New Hampshire descended from John, the Londonderry, NH, settler of 1718, he gave three governors to New Hampshire and one to Vermont.17

Luther V. Bell ~ of the John Bells of New Hampshire, formerly Superintendent of the McLean Asylum, Somerville, Massachusetts.17

Nathaniel D. Bell ~ Father James Hamilton Bell. Middle Name Davidson.11

Rev. Patrick Bell ~ of Carmyllie made a reaper in 1827. He was awarded 50 pounds by the Highland and Agricultural Society, but Bell did not patent his invention.(Jim Thompson),14

Robert Bell ~ b. 1732 ~ He was an auctioneer and bookseller. Born in Glasgow, he arrived in America in 1768. In Philadelphia, he became a noted figure; a visit to one of Bob Bell's auctions for the toast of society was better than a night at the theater.1

Robert Bell ~ Died April 1, 1916; buried by Illinois St. Andrew Society at Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, Sec. D

W. K. Bell ~ Sheriff in the lawless Palo Pino County, TX, before buying up cattle, fencing them in and cultivating one of the finest herds in the region.1

William Bell ~ Husband of Mary Patten.4

John Beme ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

James Benne ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

William Bennet ~ A Scottish sergeant who rose to become a major-general in 1717, he personally saved the live of King Charles XII of Sweden when the impetuous king ventured too far forward and was surrounded by the enemy. Bennet appeared with a small band and cut a way of retreat through overwhelming forces. Later he became governor of Malm?(Sweden?) and a baron.14

Arthur Grant Bennett ~ Child Robert John/Electra M.11

James Gordon Bennett ~ (1795-1872). Born in Keith Banffshire. In the spring of 1819 he left for America. He submitted articles to city newspapers and The Courier in Charles SC noticed him. He saw slavery in action on a visit and was always sympathetic to the southerner thereafter. His big break came in 1826 when the associate editor of The New York Enquirer fell in a duel. He soon gained a reputation for his perceptive sketches of leading American political figures. Bennett brought The Courier and Enquirer in New York to life defending the right of the press to report trials without permission. A failed attempt to publish The New York Globe was followed on May 6, 1835 by the publication of the first edition of The New York Herald. The paper was the first to print a Wall Street financial article, the first to employ European correspondents on a regular basis, and had the first society page He used illustrations and was the first paper to publish the story of a sexual scandal. His office was in a cellar at 20 Wall Street. He maintained a fleet of dispatch boats up to 250 miles off the coast to intercept steamers from Europe and hasten the news. The Herald was also the first paper to make lavish use of the correspondents. It was the first newspaper to publish stock quotations and a daily article on finance. Bennett died May 25, 1872 and is buried in Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, NY.1,14

James Gordon Bennett, Jr. ~ 1841-1918 ~ He was educated in Europe to avoid verbal and physical abuse from his father. He served with the Federal Navy in the Civil War and moved with the 'fast set' in New York. He dispatched Stanley on the trail of David Livingstone and financed a search for the Northwest Passage. During the economic panic of 1873-74, The Herald opened soup kitchens for the poor. He became increasingly eccentric and lost many of his reporters. In 1877, he began what is now the International Herald Tribune in Paris. This journal was the first truly international publications. It introduced the linotype to Europe and as the first paper in Europe to use wireless telegraphy for news dispatches. Today, the paper has a circulation of 170,000. It is printed in nine countries and distributed in 164 others. Bennett loved yachting, introduced polo to Newport, RI in the 1870's, encouraged aeroplane and balloon racing. He loved dogs and owls and gave enormous tips. It is believed he spent $30,000,000 from the earnings of The Herald. An elaborate monument commemorates the two Bennetts in Herald Square, in NYC.1,14

John Bennett ~ 1812-1875 ~ He discovered the medicinal use of cod liver oil as a source of vitamins A and D.14

Margaret R. Bennett ~ Married Chase Cole in 1900.4

Reuben J. Bennett ~ Father Robert John Bennett.11 -

Robert John Bennett ~ b. 1839 ~ Wholesale grocer born Pulaski, Oswego Co., NY; son Reuben J. and Alta (Haskins) Bennett. His father came from a Scotch-Irish family that settled in Connecticut between 1650 and 1660, and his mother was a direct descendant and the sixth in line from Captain Miles Standish of Pilgrim fame. Her native state was Vermont. His father came to Chicago in 1844 with wife and 5 children. They lived for a short time in the light keeper's house which stood at the south end of Rush street bridge; then acquired 240 acres from the government near Diamond Lake. ed. Lake Co. Schools, finishing at Waukegan IL and Racing Wis, 1856-9; married Chicago 1862 Electa M. Hoyt; Children: Arthur Grant, Maud B. (Now Mrs. Vail), William Hoyt. School teacher in Lake co IL 1856-63; mem. firm since 1865 starting as cashier and bookkeeper and now V.P. and Dir. W. M. Hoyt Co., wholesale grocers dealing in fruits and fancy groceries at 15 Dearborn St. Two years after starting, in 1865, A.M. Fuller, a former pupil of his at Deerfield, joined Mr. Bennett in buying Mr. Hoyt's business, going into heavy groceries on a wholesale scale. Lost all stock in great fire, but repaid creditors 100% on the dollar, plus 6% interest. Was dir. Atlas Nat. Bank and later V.P. and Dir. Western State Bank; mem. firm of Glenn R. Powers & Co., general merchants, Belgrade, Mont. Was alderman and for a time Mayor of Lake Forest, IL 1872-4. Republican. Congregationalist; connected with City Missionary Society; trustee Wheaton College; Pres. IL Children's Home and Aid Soc, Trustee YMCA. Club: Congregational. Residence: 4250 N. Paulina St. Office: 22nd St. Bridge.11,2,12

William Hoyt Bennett ~ Child Robert John/Electra M.11

Louise Adams Benson ~ d. 1923 ~ Wife of Albert Dobbin. He died near Chino, California.4

Thomas Bereere ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Pearl Bernard ~ Married Floyd Kirkpatrick. Daughter of David and Mary (Stauffer) Bernard.4

Caroline O. Berry ~ Wife of Edward W. Beattie.19

Fra. Andrew Bertie ~ In 1989, this Scot became the 78th grand master of the Knights of Malta. It is based on Rome and insists on sovereignty, maintaining diplomatic relations with 50 nations. He was the first Briton to hold the post since 1277.14

Elizabeth Berwick ~ Mother David R./James Berwick Forgan.11

Mary Bevan ~ b. 1837 ~ Born in Glasgow, she arrived in the US at 16 to work in the woolen mills of Massachusetts. After saving enough money she sent for her mother and brother and traveled to Tooele, UT in 1859.1

Agnes Beveridge ~ 1829-1909 ~ Married 1851 to Alex R. Patten. She came to Illinois with her parents in 1842, at 13 years of age. She was widowed in 1863, but was able to give her children a good education from the funds left by her husband. She remained in Sandwich until the death of her mother in 1865 when she went to live on the old Beveridge homestead farm in order to care for her aged father. She remained on the farm until 1874, when she returned to the family home in Sandwich. In the last years of her life, she made her home with her son, James A. Patten, on Ridge Avenue, Evanston, Illinois where she died, having just passed her 80th birthday. She was a woman of beautiful character and unusual ability.4

Alexander Beveridge ~ 1793-1874 ~ The fourth son of Andrew Beveridge, he married Sarah McClellan 6/2/1874. John C. Beveridge was his third son.4

Alla May Beveridge ~ Child John L./Helen M. Judson. Married to Samuel B. Raymond.12

Andrew Beveridge ~ 1752-1835 ~ Born in Strathmiglo, Scotland, he was the son of George and Janet Laurie Beverage. When he came to America, he lived first near Doila, NY where he had a farm and worked at weaving. He came to this country at the beginning of the Revolutionary War and his sympathies were with the British. One story is that he was in the battle of Bennington, was wounded and was the last to leave the field. Another has him captured before he could join the British Army. His farm was confiscated by New York state. He seems to have moved to Ryegate, Vermont where he lived for three years. He later secured a farm near West Hebron where he lived the rest of his life. The Associate Presbyterian Church of West Hebron was organized in his home. It is said that when it rained on his wedding day, he returned to weaving and was not married to Isabel Cummings until the next day, January 23, 1784.4

Andrew Beveridge ~ 1802-1883 ~ Ninth child of Andrew and Isabella Beveridge. He married in 1841 Jane Martin. They moved to Somonauk, IL in 1852 and are buried in Oak Mound Cemetery.

Andrew Beveridge ~ 1820-1889 ~ Son of George and Ann Beveridge. Married 12/22/1848 Sarah Loomis. He graduated about 1844 from Jefferson College, Canonsbury Seminary. Member class of 1949, Princeton Theological Seminary, pastor of the Presbyterian Church, Hoosic Falls, NY 1851-1858. Pastor of First Presbyterian Church, Lansingburgh, NY.4

Andrew Beveridge ~ 1844-1919 ~ Son of Andrew and Jane Beveridge, he married Mira E. Dewey of Somonauk, IL in 1872. He was a graduate of Monmouth College in the mid-1860's. He enlisted in Company A of the 138th Illinois Infantry and served in the Civil War. He was active in politics. In 1890, with W. C. Hollister, he built the Hollister-Beveridge Building in West 9th Street in Sioux Falls, S.D. He was successful in the real estate business.4

Elizabeth A. Beveridge ~ 1826-1905 ~ Maiden name Disbrow. Married to James Hoy Beveridge. She was descended from John Disbrow who was an early settler in Stanford CT. He is supposed to have been the eldest son of Major-General John Disbrow, an officer in Cromwell's Army, who married Jane Cromwell.4

George Beveridge ~ 1785-1870 ~ Married to Ann Hoy and living in Lakeville (Cossayuna), NY, where they were raising 7 children. They were strongly religious and traveled 2 l/2 miles to Sabbath services taking a lunch. They realized that the future was elsewhere. In 1838, he and his son John L. set forth to journey inland to new frontiers. He left with a stock of woolen cloth to finance his expedition. He arrived in Chicago, a journey of 1,000 miles and still headed west. He took the newly-opened stage road toward the lead mines of Galena. He stopped some 60 miles west of Chicago at the ford on Saumonauk creek at an abandoned mail station (the first white man's house in De Kalb county built in 1834). George exchanged his woolens, wagon and horses for 400 acres lying on either side of the stream. He remained for about a year on his claim and left for home in 1839. In 1842, the Beveridge family started for Samonauk. They took four children, James Hoy 25, Thomas George, 22, John Lourie, 18, Agnes, 13. An older daughter, Isabel, and her husband, William French, were also in the party. They made the journey in 17 days using the canal and Great Lakes route. They were able to purchase their land from the government in 1843 at $1.25/acre. Wife Ann; daughter Isabel wife of William French. He was a conductor on the "Underground Railroad" housing escaping slaves.4

Isabel Beveridge ~ 1814-1814 ~ Infant daughter of George and Ann Beveridge.4

Isabel Beveridge ~ 1815-1894 ~ Wife of William French 1838. She was born in Washington Co., NY and died in Sandwich, IL. Charter member of the church at Somonauk, IL and buried at Oak Mound.4

Isabel Beveridge ~ Wife of Peter C. McClellan. Daughter of Mathew and Elizabeth (Hutton) Beveridge.4

James Hoy Beveridge ~ 1817-1896 ~ Son of George and Ann Beveridge. He married Elizabeth A. Disbrow. He attended Granville Academy in Illinois and Mt. Morris Seminary. He came to Somonauk, IL in 1841 and took a claim adjoining his father's on the north. About 1848, he and his brother-in-law Alexander R. Patten, opened a store at Freeland Corners (the intersection of the Chicago-Galena Hwy, later known as Somonauk corners) and did a good business. In 1849, he was elected one of the associate justices of the county and in 1852 was elected assessor. In 1864, he was elected State Treasurer and moved to Springfield. He was Secretary of the Lincoln Memorial Association. In 1874, he was on the Illinois State House building commission, and he paid the architect of the State House for plans and specifications for the new church in Somonauk, IL and donated them to the congregation.4 He returned to Somonauk, IL in 1879 and bred and raised Jersey cattle. He is buried in Oak Mound Cemetery.4

Janet Lourie Beveridge ~ 1721-1802 ~ Daughter of John and Ann Lourie. One of 8 children. Married to George Beveridge, weaver in Strathmiglo in 1745. They had four children. His home and that of his son, Matthew, were still standing in 1928. Upon his death, Janet married George Fotheringham in 1762. In 1774, again a widow, she came to America with her son Andrew, then 22 and her daughters Ann, 19 and Janet, 11. After 11 weeks they landed in Marblehead because the British Fleet had blockaded Boston. They walked the entire length of Massachusetts to Cambridge, NY. She is buried in the old Cambridge cemetery. Their daughter, Janet, married Rev. Thomas Beveridge in America, probably a distant relative.4

Jennett Beveridge ~ 1813-1901 ~ Daughter of George and Ann Beveridge. Married to James Henry 10/23/1837. Buried at Oak Mound. Children: Minnie J. Henry, (1859-1886), Parmelia Henry, (1840-1841).4

John C. Beveridge ~ 1826-1906 ~ Third son of Alexander and Sarah Beveridge, he was born in Washington County, NY. In 1862 he came to Illinois and lived with his uncle Andrew Beveridge near Freeland Corners. He purchased 160 acres from his brother Andrew who was living in NY. Some year later, he purchased another 40 acres. He married in 1865 Mary Ann McCleery, the daughter of James and Jean McCleery. In 1871 he built a house for his family and was skilled at farming, carpentry and hog raising. He held many terms as Supervisor, Assessor and school Treasurer for 32 years. He was secretary of the Victor Mutual Fire Insurance Company for 20 years. He is buried at Oak Mound Cemetery.4

John Lourie Beveridge ~ 1824-1910 ~ He died in Hollywood, CA, but was buried in Rosehill, Section 12. Son of George and grandson of a Scot who came to the U. S. about 1770, he was to become the 15th Governor of Illinois. He received 1 1/2 years of education at Mt. Morris Seminary and in 1845 went to Tennessee to continue his training. He read law and was admitted to the Bar. He returned North in December 1847. Married 1/20/1848 Helen M. Judson, daughter of Philo Judson, and they returned to Tennessee. He found himself in debt and returned to Somonauk, IL in 1849, settling in Sycamore. He moved to Evanston in 1854 and worked with Northwestern University. In 1855, he opened a law office in Chicago. He joined the 8th Illinois Cavalry during the Civil War and was chosen second major. On joining the Army of the Potomac in 1862, he served in the advance on Richmond. The following year, Major Beverage led his regiment into battles at Gettysburg, Williamsburg, Boonesboro, Funkstown and between the Rappahannock and the Culpepper, in all 47 engagements. In November, 1863, he was commissioned colonel of the 17th Illinois Cavalry and served in Missouri. Later he was breveted brigadier general for gallant and meritorious conduct. After the war, he resumed his law practice. In 1866, he was elected sheriff of Cook County; in 1870, he was elected State Senator. In 1871, he was elected Congressman at large. Before his term expired, he was elected Lieutenant Governor. Governor Oglesby having been elected US Senator, he became Governor. The last three items happened in a space of three weeks! After his term in office, he resumed his law practice and served a term as US sub-treasurer in Chicago. His term in office as governor was "vigorous, just and impartial".4,17

Mary Beveridge ~ 1831-1833 ~ Daughter of Geore and Ann Beveridge.4

Mathew Beveridge ~ Where is he from? Husband of Elizabeth Hutton.4

Philo Judson Beveridge ~ Child John L./ Helen M. Judson. Living in Hollywood, CA in 1912.12

Thomas George Beveridge ~ 1822-1859 ~ Married Elizabeth Irwin 4/9/1851.4

Rev. Thomas Beveridge ~ Ancestor of George Beveridge, married Janet (Lourie) Beveridge after 1774.4

Samuel Bigger ~ 1802-46 ~ governor of Indiana was of Scottish descent.17

Blanche E. Billings ~ Child Andrew/Lillias MacLeish. Mrs. C.K.G. Billings.11

John D. Billingsly ~ Died April 4, 1878; buried by Illinois St. Andrew Society at Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, Section E.

Louisa Bills ~ Mother of Louisa Haskins; wife of Amos Haskins.19

Archibald Binney ~ with James Ronaldson, both born in Scotland, cast the first dollar sign ever made in 1797.14

Andrew Binnie ~ Lived in Scotland Township, IL 1840's.6

John, James and Andrew Binnie brothers ~ set up the Citizens National Bank on the town square in Macomb, Illinois, opening for business January 1, 1890. The family had moved to Illinois in mid-century. John Binnie, president until 1927, took special interest in providing loans to farmers starting up or going through hard times.1

Francis Binnie ~ 1844-1912 ~ He was born in Falkirk, Scotland. He came to Chicago in 1867, where he engaged in the foundry business under the name of Innes and Binnie located at the corner of Van Buren and Clinton Streets. He later sold his interest and began a lumber business which he operated for many years. He was a member of the Scotch Church where he met Miss Ann J. Brown, whom he married the year of the Chicago fire. They had three children, William and Frank Binnie and Mrs. Kice. He was a member of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society.

Robert Bird ~ b. 12/31/1836 ~ He was born in Edinburgh and came to America at the age of 15 and spent 15 months as a teamster with the Union Army during the Civil War. He settled in Nobles County, Minnesota.1

Sterling Ackley Birdsall ~ b. 1829 in New York, husband of Jeanette (Janet) Giffen).19

John Bishop ~ Married Mary Patten 1812. Child, Eliza Bishop.4

David Black ~ Settled in Savanna, GA 1774. He was 19, a book binder and sailed on the Marlborough.10

Davidson Black ~ A Canadian Scot, he made the discovery of the Peking Man in the late 1920's.14

Guy Black ~ Married Eva Valera Irwin.4

Hugo L. Black ~ Scottish American Supreme Court Justice from 1937-1971.14

Sir James Whyte Black ~ One of three who won the 1988 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1988. He was born in Scotland and has been described as "probably the greatest and most important living pharmacologist." Sir James, who works in England, was the discoverer of beta blockers, a milestone in the treatment of high blood pressure and heart disease. He is also the discoverer of H-2 receptor-antagonists used in the treatment of ulcers.14

Joseph Black ~ 1728-1799 ~ He became a founder of modern chemistry in 1754 when he presented, as a thesis for his doctoral degree at Edinburgh University, an experiment in which he rediscovered carbon dioxide and proved that it existed distinct from common air. In 1756 he proved that carbon dioxide existed in calcium carbonate (chalk). These revolutionary ideas, that air was composed of more than one gas and that a gas could exist in a solid, were soon taken up enthusiastically by others, including Lavoisier, and produced a radical change in the direction of science. He was also the discoverer of the principle of latent heat, which led to the achievements of James Watt and others. Black, whose father was in the wine trade, was born in Bordeaux to parents of Scottish ancestry from Belfast.14

Wallace J. Black ~ Married Margaret Robinson.4

Gideon Blackburn ~ 1772-1838 ~ Born in Virginia of Ulster-Scots parents, he as a Minister of the New School Presbyterian denomination. As financial agent for Illinois College, he decided to open a school for young men preparing for the ministry. Blackburn College was incorporated in 1857 after his death.6

Daniell Blacke ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Eugene Gilbert Blackford ~ 1839-1904 ~ merchant and ichthyologist, of Scottish descent, he "did more to advance the interests of fish culture in this country than any other man." He wrote much on the subject and to his efforts was due the creation of the Aquarium at the Battery in New York.17

Robert Blackwell ~ Bought the first newspaper printed in Illinois, Matthew Duncan's "The Illinois Herald" with Daniel P. Cook. They changed the name to "The Intelligencer" and changed it from three columns to four. In 1820, they moved it to Vandalia, the new state capital.6

Thomas Blaikie ~ the Bagatelle Garden in the Bois de Boulogne, in Paris, includes what is now perhaps the most beautiful rose garden in the world. It was begun in the 18th century by Blaikie, a Scot. Blaikie worked with a great deal of imagination and the money of the Comte d'Artois, brother-in-law of Marie Antoinette.14

John Blaine ~ of St. Andrews, established the first type foundry in America in 1787.14

Anita Blair ~ Child of Henry A./Grace E.11

Austin Blair ~ 1814-94 ~ war Governor of Michigan who sent over 83,000 soldiers from his state during the Civil War was of Scottish ancestry.17

Chauncey B. Blair ~ Child Chauncey J./Mary A.I.11

Chauncey Buckley Blair ~ 1810-1891 ~ Born Blandford, MA, and a member of one of the oldest families of that place. His great-grandfather settled there in 1753. They are traced in Scotland as far back as the 12th Century. Early in the 15th century, they migrated from Ayrshire, Scotland, to the north of Ireland, settling in Aghadowey, Co. Antrim, Ulster and came to America about 1718. Third child of Samuel and Hannah (Frary) Blair, born in Blandford MA. In 1814, the family moved to Cortland Co., NY where he remained until he was 11 years old. He then returned to his native town to live with an uncle, a farmer, and was employed on the firm until he had attained his majority. He went back to Cortland Co. and remained there until 1835 when he determined to try his fortunes in the west. Guided only by imperfect maps then furnished by the public land offices, he rode over the vast territory of Michigan, Indiana and Illinois gaining intimate knowledge of the property which he offered for sale until 1837. By the withdrawal of such lands by presidential proclamation, he was obliged to abandon this profitable field. He associated himself with his brother, Lyman in the grain business in Michigan City and they covered a large territory, as Michigan City was then the only shipping point to eastern markets. The firm name was C.G. & L. Blair, and at one time they owned the largest warehouse in Indiana. They also built the first bridge pier on the east side of Lake Michigan and were among the pioneer shippers of grain to the East. He secured a charter to build a plant road for 30 miles to make transportation inland from the lake easier. Notes were issued on the stock of the corp and a banking business was started. He was made President and so first entered the business to which he devoted the remainder of his life. He was one of the incorporators of the Northern Indiana Ry. He secured a controlling interest in the Bank of the State of Indiana, becoming its President. In 1861, he came to Chicago and acquired a n interested in a private bank which he held until 1865. He then organized the Merchant's National Bank of Chicago. He was President of this bank at 36 S. Clark Street for nearly 30 years, and is accorded unanimous credit for having twice saved the financial situation in Chicago, restored public confidence and averted general disaster to its banks and a far-spreading and incalculable financial calamity. At the time of the great fire of 1871, he insisted upon an immediate and full payment to all the depositors of his bank. His action resulted in establishing the credit of Chicago which had been greatly impaired. Because the city was unable to collect the taxes of 1871, 72, 73 and 74, he was one of the few to come to the rescue of the city. During the panic of 1873, when most banks suspended payments, he made a firm stand to pay all demands. The other banks agreed and Chicago passed through the panic without serious harm to Chicago's credit. He married in 1844 Caroline Olivia De Groff, daughter of Amos and Harriet (Sleight) De Groff. Children: George G., William S. (deceased in 1912), Chauncey J., Henry A., Watson A. (prominent Chicago financiers with the Corn Exchange Bank, and Harriet (widow or John J. Borland, Chicago.)He lived at 1611 Michigan avenue.2,12

Chauncey J. Blair ~ b. 1845 ~ Banker born Michigan city, Indiana; eldest son Chauncey Buckley and Caroline O. (deGraff) Blair; ed. pvt. schools in Chicago; married Chicago 1882 Mary A. I. Mitchell; children: Italia Mitchell, Chauncey B., Mildred M., William M. Came to Chicago in 1864; pres Merchants' Nat. Bank (founded by his father), 15 years; began with that bank in 1879 and served in various capacities until 1888, when succeeded his father as Pres.; bank was consolidated in 1903 with the Corn Exchange Nat. Bank, of which he is V.P. Also Pres Kennicott Water Softener Co.; dir. South Side Elevated RR Co. V.P. Chicago Home for the Friendless. Republican. Clubs: Chicago, Union League, Chicago Athletic, Bankers', Casino (Edgewater), Caxton, Onwentsia, Quadrangle, Saddle and Cycle. Recreations: reading and outdoor diversions Residence: 4830 Drexel Blvd. Office: Corn Exchange Nat'l Bank.11

Duncan Blair ~ First Scot on record in Colorado. This Perthshire man settled on the White River near Meeker in the mid-1850's. He married a squaw who was related to the great Indian Chief, Ouray, and Blair was considered a friend of the Indian.1

Emma J. Blair ~ Wife of Cyrus Hall Adams. Married 9/26/1878. She was the daughter of Lyman Blair.11

Henry Augustus Blair ~ b. 1852 ~ Financier. Born Michigan City Indiana; son Chauncey Buckley and Caroline O. (DeGraff) Blair, of Scotch-Irish descent; ed Williston Sem., Easthampton, MA; married Grace E. Pearce of Chicago in 1878 Children: Natalie, Anita. After leaving school in 1871 he entered the Merchants' Nat. Bank of Chicago, of which his father was founder and with which he continued, becoming V.P. until 1902. When the bank consolidated with the Corn Exchange Nat. Bank; in 1904 he began efforts to consolidate all management of the 63 different transportation lines in Chicago under one system, he became receiver North Chicago Street Ry. and West Chicago Street Ry and continued as such until the reorganization of the properties into the Chicago Rys Co. As of 1912, and through his efforts, Chicago was considered to have the finest traction system in the world; V.P. Il Trust & Savings Bank; dir. Union Trust Co., Calumet and Chicago Canal and Dock Co., Elgin Nat. Watch Co., Commonwealth Edison Co.; chmn board of dirs. Chicago Rys. Co. Trustee of the Graceland Cemetery Trust Fund. Republican. Clubs: Chicago, Union League, Chicago Athletic, Caxton, Chicago Golf, Midlothian, South Shore Country, Exmoor, Onwentsia, Saddle and Cycle. Recreation: Golf. Residence 2735 Prairie Ave.; Summer, Jefferson NY. Office: Borland Bldg.11,2,12

James Blair ~ 1804-84 ~ Born in Perth, Scotland, was the inventor of the roller for printing calico.17

James Blair ~ b. 1807 ~ brother of John Inslee Blair, he was largely identified with the development of banks and railroads in Pennsylvania.17

James Blair ~ a native of Scotland founded William and Mary in 1693. Governor of Virginia 1740-1741 .14

Jean Blair ~ d. 1831 ~ Married Jonathan French. Daughter of Colonel John Blair.4

John Blair ~ 1665-1743 ~ He established William and Mary College at Williamsburg VA. The most illustrious student was Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence. He was an Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court under George Washington. One of the first supreme court justices.1,14

John Blair ~ Governor of Virginia 1758-1768.14

Lyman Blair ~ Father of Emma J. Blair who was married to Cyrus Hall Adams.11

Mildred M. Blair ~ Child Chauncey J./Mary A.I.11

Mitchell Italia Blair ~ Child Chauncey J./Mary A.I.11

Natalie Blair ~ - child of Henry A./Grace E.11

Robert Blair ~ Ancestor of Chauncey Buckley Blair. Son of James and Rachel (Boyd) Blair of Aghadowey Co. Antrim, Ireland, was the eldest of two brothers who came to America and settled in Rutland, Worcester Co., MA before 1720. He married Isabella, daughter of David Rankin, who came to Aghadowey from Scotland in 1685. They had 11 children.12

RobertBlair, Jr. ~ Ancestor of Chauncey Buckley Blair. Eighth child of Robert and Isabella (Rankin) Blair born in Rutland, MA. Married Hannah Thompson, a native of Ireland and settled in Blandford, MA in 1753. They had 7 children.12

Rufus Blair ~ Ancestor of Chauncey Buckley Blair. 6th child of Robert, Jr. and Hannah (Thompson) Blair; born in western MA; spent his life in Blandford, MA where he married Dolly, daughter of Samuel Boise, and had 7 children.12

Samuel Blair ~ Father of Chauncey Buckley Blair. Eldest child of Rufus and Dolly (Boise) Blair was born in Blanford, where he married Hannah, youngest daughter of Jonathan Frary. He moved to NY in 1811 and died at Cortland. Their children were: Carolina, Justus P., Chauncey B., Lyman, William and Anna B.. Chauncey B., Lyman, and William and prominently identified with the early history of Chicago.12

Suzanna Blair ~ b. 1748 ~ Wife of David French. Daughter of Colonel John and Sarah Blair of Pelham, MA and Cambridge, NY. She was born in Peham, MA and died in Cambridge before 1820.4

Watson Blair ~ Child Watson F./Alice Blair.11

Watson Franklin Blair ~ b. 1854 ~ Capitalist born Michigan City, IN; son Chauncey Buckley and Caroline O. (de Graff) Blair, sixth generation Scotch-Irish family of Robert Blair who came from County Antrim, Ireland about 1718 and settled in Worcester Co., MA; ed Williston Sem., Easthampton, Mass; Married Chicago 1883 Alice Keep; children: Beatrice, Alice Rose, Watson, Wolcott. After leaving school entered the pork and beef packing firm of Culbertson, Blair & Co., until its dissolution in 1877; then engaged in the grain commn. business on the Chicago Board of Trade as Blair & Co. until 1890 when retired from active business; was several years dir Merchants' Nat. Bank (founded by his father) prior to 1902 at which time that bank, after an honorable career of 40 years, consolidated with the Corn Exchange Nat. Bank and it donated to its employees $100,000: now dir. Corn Exchange Nat. Bank. Clubs: Chicago, Chicago Athletic, Chicago Golf, Saddle and Cycle, Onwentsia. Recreations: Golf and motoring. Residence 720 Rush Street. Office: Corn Exchange Bank Bldg.2,11

William M. Blair ~ Child Chauncey J./Mary A.I.11

Wolcott Blair ~ - Child Watson F./Alice Blair.11

Thomas Blake ~ a Scot who reached Mexico City before 1536. As Thomas Blaque, he was a member of Coronado's expedition to what is now Arizona in 1540 thus becoming the first Briton to set foot on what is now the American southwest.14

Rachel Blakeley ~ Married James Patten.4

Sir Gilbert Blane ~ 1749-1834 ~ He used James Lind's technique of lime juice on sailors in the West Indies and in 1795 finally convinced the government to mandate the use of lime juice throughout the Navy to combat scurvy.14

Patrick Blessing ~ Author of The British and Irish in Oklahoma.1

Nellie Bly ~ Born in 1867 near Pittsburgh as Elizabeth Cochrane, she was a descendant of Admiral Cochrane. In 1889, representing the New York World, she attained worldwide celebrity by going around the world in 72 days, at that time a record.14

Chay Blyth ~ native of Hawick who became the first to solo circumnavigate the earth sailing east to west. Blyth sailed the 30,00 miles in 292 days, 20 days faster than Knox-Johnson.14

NFN Boghead ~ Farmer in Tama County, Iowa.1

Daniel Bogle ~ Father Walter Scott Bogle.11

Nellie D. Bogle ~ Child Walter S./Della E. Bogle.11

Walter S. Bogle, Jr. ~ Child Walter S./Della E. Bogle.11

Walter Scott Bogle ~ 1852-1922 ~ Coal Merchant. Born Dover, NH; son Daniel and Mary (Boyd) Bogle, both of Scotland; moved to Chicago with parents when 9; graduate Chicago High School 1868; married Chicago 1872 Della E. Stearns: children: Walter S., Jr., Mrs. C. W. Gilmore, Mrs. H. Edward Sauer and Nellie D. After graduation entered his father's coal business; was mgr for years of the Del. and Hudson Canal Co; pres. Crescent coal and Mining Co; Pres. Retlaw Mines Co and Merchants Fuel Co.; dir. Fort Dearborn Nat. Bank. Democrat; was mem. West Park Board 3 years appointed by Gov. Altgeld. Mason, Apollo Commandery K.T. Ex-pres Iroquois Club. Clubs: Union League, Illinois, Chicago Yacht, Press, Chicago Automobile, South Shore Country; also Manhattan (NY). Residence: 852 North Park Ave. Office 343 S. Dearborn St.Obituary lists residence as 510 Roscoe St., Chairman of the county Democratic committee during the Cleveland administration. Buried at Rosehill. On June 20, 1902, he was elected First Vice President of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society in place of Thomas Watson who had died on December 8, 1902, and was President of the Society 1901-1905. He was a member of the committee to find a suitable location for the Burns Monument and was buried at Rosehill in 1922, Section 15, Lot 31. Seven persons bear the name Bogle, two are named Gilmore, and one is named Delia May Gilmore Gates.11 and EWR files.

Dolly Boise ~ Wife of Rufus Blair. Daughter of Samuel Boise.12

DanielBoone ~ 1734-1820 ~ Ulster-Scot, American pioneer born in Bucks County PA. After service under Braddock in the French and Indian War, he became involved in the Transylvania project (see Richard Henderson). Boone took thirty men and started to hack a trail across the mountains. This was to be the famous Wilderness Road, the main land route into Kentucky. Town of Boonesboro, Kentucky, was named after him. Following the settlement of the new territory, he became a captain of militia and held a number of political offices. One of his famous exploits was his escape from the Indians who held him captive, in 1778, just in time to warn and defend Boonesboro against attack. He was twice captured, and twice escaped and in 1778 he was adopted as a son by Blackfish, the chief of the Shawnees. Later he moved to West Virginia and to Missouri when the latter was still Spanish territory. He died there.1,5,14

Dr. Levi D. Boone ~ Mayor in Chicago in 1855-56 who was a cousin of Daniel Boone. He made the first appointment of a detective in Chicago by appointing Allan Pinkerton. On the northwest corner of State and Monroe stood the brick grocery building of W. F. McLaughlin. He later sold his business to the sons of Dr. Boone and went into the coffee and spice business. Ibid p. 28, 29. Rosehill, Section N. Nephew of Daniel Boone. See the " Rosehill Cemetery & Mausoleum" section for more details.

William Gordon Booth ~ b. 1874 ~ Real Estate. b. Dundee, Scotland. Son James and Jane (Gordon) Booth; came to America in 1885; ed Chicago pub schools; married Jessie M. Shields of Chicago 1896; 2 children: Frederick S., Jean C. With the real estate firm of Turner & Bond and their successors William A. Bond & Co. since 1891; admitted as a co-partner 1909. sec. Chicago Real Estate Board, 1911. Congregationalist. Recreation: fishing. Residence: 7538 Eggleston Av. Office: 25 N. Dearborn St.11

James Boswell ~ 1740-1795 ~ A Scotch writer and lawyer, famous for his Life of Samuel Johnson. He came to London from Scotland, and devoted himself assiduously to studying Johnsons character, spending some years in close intimacy with the great lexicographer. His subject was an anti-Scot who virulence Boswell had somewhat softened during their tour of Scotland some years earlier. The book is considered by some to be the best biography ever written. Boswell left so many letter sand diaries that perhaps more is known about him than any other 18th Century man. A "Boswell factory" at Yale employs several people, full-time, sifting through the papers.5,14

Gerhardus "Hardy" Botha ~ One of the most imaginative of Afrikaner artists, he calls himself Hardy in favor of his mother's Scottish ancestry.14

James Bourman ~ Indentured Servant Maryland 1775. He was 21, a surgeon, and sailed on the Baltimore.10

Eilley Bowes ~ By mid-1840 she was at the Mormon colony of Nauvoo, Illinois. She married a church elder and they journeyed to Salt Lake City. When her husband decided to build a harem, Eilley divorced him, married again and soon moved to Carson Valley near the as yet undiscovered Comstock lode. Again she divorced and began to wash clothes and cook for miners. In exchange for an unpaid bill she accepted a ten-foot claim which turned out to be a section of a silver-rich vein. Another of her lodgers, Sandy Bowers, held an adjacent claim. They married and their joint claim yielded $50,000 annually. She built a $300,000 mansion ten miles from Comstock. In the 1860's the claim worked out, Sandy died, and the Queen of the Comstock left for the California coast and became a fortune teller.1

Jim Bowie ~ 1796-1836 ~ Scot who fought and died at the Alamo. Born in Kentucky of Scottish ancestry, he either invented or popularized the Bowie knife. He operated a sugar mill in Louisiana where he instructed steam power and learned to speak Spanish and French in New Orleans. In 1828 he went to Texas receiving land grants from the Mexican governor and marrying his daughter. He joined the Texas revolution contesting the leadership of the corps with William Travis.1,14

Elizabeth Bowman ~ b. 27 Apr. 1824 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland; d. 2 Feb. 1905 d/o James Bowman and Ann Steven. Married Lyman Taylor 12 Dec. 1844. Buried Harlem Cemetery, Winnebago Co., IL.19

James Boxborough ~ Settled in Virginia 1774 to seek employment. He was 16, a husbandman, and sailed on the Ann.10

Andrew Boy ~ Changed his name to Boij, and in 1663 became one of the several Scottish borgemastare of Stockholm (mayor).14

Robert Boy ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Albert NelsonBoyd ~ Husband Grace Jane Patten. Child born 1917, Annette Jane Boyd.4

AlistairBoyd ~ in 1986, Mr. Boyd, a native Briton, parachuted from the top of the Empire State Building in New York, safely reaching the street.14

Daniel Nelson Boyd ~ 1823-1906 ~ Son of George and Elizabeth Boyd, he was born in Argyle, NY. He married Nancy Shroudy and had one child, W. J. Boyd. He married again in 1860, Mrs. Margaret Darling Wallace. He was a "first" member and Chorister of the Somonauk, IL United Presbyterian church.4

Effie Elizabeth Boyd ~ b.3/11/1863 ~ Daughter of John Boyd. Taught school for 30 years in Sandwich, IL and (as of 1928) had worked the past six years for Marshall Field & Company.4

George Boyd ~ 1795-1881 ~ He was born in Killcon, County Armagh, Ireland the son of John and Elizabeth McElroy Boyd. He married Elizabeth Nelson in 1823.4

John Boyd ~ 1825-1905 ~ Born in Argyle, Washington Co., NY, he died in Sandwich, IL. He came to Somonauk, IL in approximately 1850 and married Mary Stewart in 1857 in Somonauk. He was a carpenter and farmer. When he moved to Sandwich, he worked in a manufacturing shop for a few years, but received an injury which resulted in his death. Child, W. J. Boyd born in Somonauk.4

Mary Boyd ~ Mother Walter Scott Bogle.11

John Boye (2) ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Alice B. Boyington ~ 1st wife William G. Williamson. Deceased in 1911.11

John Boyle ~ Died January 25, 1903; buried by the Illinois St. Andrew Society at Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, Section E.

Hugh Henry Brackenridge ~ Author, born in Campbeltown, Argyllshire, but settled in Pittsburgh in 1782, a judge of the Supreme Court, he was also a novelist and magazine editor.1 When Alexander Hamilton proposed an excise tax, the Presbyterian farmers around Pittsburgh, who produced most of the new nation's spirits resisted the measure strongly (the Whiskey Rebellion). They were led by this Princeton-educated Scot. Washington ordered 13,000 troops and the rebellion ended. He was largely self-taught who managed to go from the Pennsylvania backwoods to Princeton and in 1770 wrote, with Philip Freneau, Father Bombo's Pilgrimage to Mecca, the first novel ever written in America. Publication was somewhat delayed, but it was finally published by Princeton University in 1975, 105 years after it was written. He was the principal founder of the University of Pittsburgh.14

Edward Braddock ~ 1695?-1755 ~ British general, born in Pertshire, Scotland. He entered the Coldstram Guards in 1710 and was appointed major general in 1754. Nine months later he sailed as commander against the French in America and with a force of 2,100 British and provincial troops reached the Monongahela in July 8, 1755. On the 9th he pushed forward with a smaller force to invest Fort Duquesene, on the present site of Pittsburgh, Pa. On the right bank of the river his advance guard was attacked by a party of about 900 French and Indians from the fort. Braddock was defeated and mortally wounded while vainly trying to rally his men; he died four days after, near Great Meadows, where he was buried.5

Rev. John Ewing Bradford ~ Husband of Mary Ella McClellan. Both were graduates of Monmouth College and they shared the responsibilities of two pastorates held by Mr. Bradford, one in Tranquility, Ohio and the other in Media, IL. In 1905, they moved to Oxford, OH where for 14 years, Mr. Bradford was Professor of History and instructor in the Bible at Miami University. Since his appointment as General Secretary of the Board of Education of the United Presbyterian church in 1919, their home has been in Chicago (as of 1928). Children: Isabel, James McClellan, Margaret, Martha Agnes.4

James Braid ~ 1795 -1860 ~ A Scottish surgeon who practiced medicine in Manchester, England, he wrote a paper on his work in 1843 using the word hypnosis for the first time. However, another Scottish physician, James Esdaile, claimed to have used hypnotism in 1829 while practicing in India. In 1847, an investigating unit confirmed this.14

Alexander Brand ~ Alexander Brand served as the first Treasurer of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society 11/30/1845 and second President of the Society in 1846. His residence was at the Lake House. He was also elected President in 1848, 1850 and 1851. In the summer of 1839, James Murray had arrived in Chicago from Scotland and opened an exchange office. He took into partnership Alexander Brand and the firm was called Murray and Brand. The company was involved in most forms of banking, including the buying and selling of real estate. In 1844, James Murray was no longer a partner, and the name was changed to Alexander Brand and Company. The company was dissolved in 1851 after the passage of the Illinois Free Banking act. In 1853, Alexander Brand was with the Marine Bank of Chicago. He later returned to his home in Aberdeen, Scotland.

Brander Family ~ Landed on Easter Island before 1868. Until 1893 the Branders, who grazed sheep were in effective control. In the id-1890's they sold most of the island to the Valparaiso-based /Scottish firm of Williamson and Balfour, which grazed as many as 40,000 sheep as late as 1952.14

Martha Brant ~ 1837-1894 ~ Wife of John Mahaffey. Born in Montreal, Canada and died at her home near Hinckley, IL. She was the daughter of John and Mary Brant, of Essex Co. NY. Buried at Oak Mound.4

Walter H. Brattain ~ 1902-1987 ~ Am American of Scottish ancestry he was the senior member of the team at Bell Labs receiving the Nobel Prize for the invention of the transistor in 1956. Some say this was the most important invention since James Watt produced the practical steam engine.14

John Breathitt ~ 1786-1834 ~ Lieutenant-Governor of Kentucky (1828-32) and 11th governor (1832-24), he was the son of a Scottish emigrant. "A man of high character and his public career irreproachable." Breathitt county was named after him.17 (Note: No reference given for "")

Alexander Breckenridge ~ A Scot who came to America about 1728, settling in Pennsylvania and later in Virginia.17

Henry Breckenridge ~ b. 1886 ~ son of Joseph C. Breckenridge, was Assistant Secretary of War and served with the American Expeditionary Forces in the Argonne.17

John Breckenridge ~ 1760-1808 ~ son or Robert, he because Attorney-General of Kentucky in 1795; served in the state legislature 1797-1800; drafted the famous Kentucky resolutions in 1798; was U.S. Senator from Kentucky (1801-05) and Attorney-General in Jefferson's Cabinet from 1805 until his death.17

John Cabell Breckenridge ~ 1821-75 ~ of direct Scottish descent, he was Vice President from 1857-61, candidate for President in 1860, Major-General in the Confederate Army (1862-64) and Confederate Secretary of War (1864-65).17

Joseph Cabell Breckenridge ~ b. 1840 ~ Son of Robert J. Breckenridge, also served with distinction in the Civil War, and took an active part in the Santiago campaign during the Spanish-American War.17

Joseph Cabell Breckenridge ~ son of John, 17

Mary Breckenridge ~ d/o Edwward and Margaret Breckenridge; b. at Kilblaan, Scotland 12 Nov. 1846, d. 14 June 1876; m. James S. Reid.19

Robert Jefferson Breckenridge ~ 1800-71 ~ Son of John, he was a clergyman and author.17

Robert Breckenridge ~ son of Alexander, he was an energetic Captain of Rangers during the Indian wars, and died before the close of the Revolutionary War. By his second wife, also of Scottish descent, he had several sons who achieved fame and success.17

William Campbell Preston Breckenridge ~ 1837-1904 ~ son of Robert J. Breckenridge, was member of the 49th Congress.17

Breese, August ~ Married Martha McAllister 1st.4

James Breghin (or Brechin) ~ Missionary, born in Scotland, he took a prominent part in the affairs of Virginia (1705-19) and was an active supporter of Commissary Blair.17

David Francis Bremner ~ b. 1839 ~ Retired in 1911. Mem. Illinois St. Andrew Society 1910. Born Ottawa, Canada; son Robert and Rachel (Brooks) Bremner; moved to Chicago with parents 1848; ed. Universityof St. Mary's of the Lake; married 1865, Katherine, daughter James Michie, of Lyons, IL. In 1861 was 2nd Lt. of the Highland Guard, a co. of I.N.G. under the first call for 90 days which, at the expiration of that term, enlisted as a body for three years, becoming Co. E, 19th IL Vols, of which was 1st lt.; won a captaincy at battle of Murfreesboro; at Missionary Ridge, carried the regimental flag over the last entrenchment, after three of its bearers had been shot down in quick succession and his own overcoat had been riddled with bullets. After war engaged as cracker mfg. at Cairo, IL, in 1865; sold out and established the same business in Chicago. Business was merged with Am. Biscuit & Mfg. co., of which was Pres.; later it became part of the National Biscuit co., of which was a dept. mfg. and dir. until 1906. Was 3 years mem. of the Chicago Board of Edn. Residence: 5001 Greenwood Ave. He died between 1905 and 1910.11

Elsie Bremner ~ Mother of Robert Stuart.11

Robert Bremner ~ Father David Francis Bremner.11

Sir David Brewster ~ (1781-1868) A Scottish physicist who edited the Edinburgh Encyclopedia in 1808, invented the kaleidoscope in 1816; was one of the founders of the British Association and a voluminous writer on science. He made important discoveries respecting the polarization of light.5,14

John Brice ~ On the frigate Trumbull during the Revolutionary War.1

Campbell Bridges ~ In 1967 this Scottish geologist working in Tanzania, discovered Tsavorite, a green gemstone more brilliant and durable than emerald.14

Samuel Briggs ~ Settled in Georgia 1775 Sailed on the Georgia Packet seeking better employment opportunities. He was 28, a Dyer.10

Joseph Brimmer ~ He left on a 1,000 mile trip to Scotch Grove, Iowa with Alexander, McClain and others.1

Andrew Brinn ~ Medal of Honor Recipient ~ Civil War. Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Entered service at: New York. Birth: Scotland. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Mississippi during her abandonment and firing in the engagement at Port Hudson, 14 March 1863. Remaining under enemy fire for 21/2 hours, Brinn remained on board the grounded vessel until all the abandoning crew had landed. After asking to be assigned some duty, he was finally ordered to save himself and to leave the Mississippi which had been deliberately fired to prevent her falling into rebel hands. Internet

Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane ~ While serving as governor of New South Wales, he built an observatory and discovered over 7,000 stars beneath the Southern Cross.14

John Broadwood ~ 1732-1812 ~ He migrated from Edinburgh to London and married the daughter of the harpsichord manufacturer to whom he was apprenticed. Broadwood (originally Braidwood) invented the piano and forte pedals, founded his own firm in 1827 and built the first six-octave grand piano in the world. The firm, which once led the world in the manufacture of pianos, still continues today, operated by his descendants.14

Robert Brockie ~ Partner to James Laidlaw, a successful sheep farmer in Wood River, Idaho. He immigrated to avoid milking cows.1

George Brodie ~ Died January 8, 1901; Buried Rosehill, Section E, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

William J.Brodie ~ Died March 28, 1902; buried Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, Sec. D, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

William John Brodie ~ Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born Edinburgh, Scotland

Brody, NFN ~ Successful sheep farmer in Fremont Co., Wyoming "little Scotland".1

Brokey, Charles ~ Settled in Georgia 1775. Sailed on the Georgia Packet seeking better employment opportunities. He was 25, a gardener.10

Solon C. Bronson, D.D. ~ b. 1855 ~ West Union, IOWA. Professor of theology at Garrett Biblican Institute. Came to Garrett in 1869. Of Scotch-Irish lineage (Rev. Harvey S. Bronson and Jane McCool). He was born in West Union, Iowa and educated in the pub schools. Graduated from Upper Iowa University in 1875; graduated from Garrett Biblican Institute 1878. He was ordained in Hopkinton, Iowa in 1880 and for 17 years was engaged in preaching in that state. He was a doctor of theology at the Upper Iowa University of Fayette and Cornell College prior to going to Garrett. Married 1870 in Cleveland, Ohio, Mrs. Frances Avann, daughter of William Avann, an Englishman. She graduated from Boston University in 1879. Children: Mrs. Edna B. Campbell, a widow and high school teacher in Seattle, WA; Elizabeth, wife of Eugene W. Brownell, assistant cashier in the National Bank of Commerce at Seattle, WA; Earl A, married and residing in Evanston; Reid R, a freshman at Northwestern University Three of these children are Phi Beta Kappa members of Northwestern University Republican. Member University Club, Upper Iowa University Club of Chicago, Methodist Social Union of Chicago.12

Rachel Brooks ~ Mother David Francis Bremner.11

NFN Brougham ~ Lord who decided to settle in Cannes, France in 1834. Because of him, British society began to visit the Riviera in large numbers.14Broun, Heywood ~ Writer and son of a Scottish immigrant.14

Henry Brounell ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

John Brow ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

A. Swan Brown ~ In the nineteenth century, he organized a chain of Scottish dry-goods stores called the Syndicate Trading Company. Each firm was owned, run, and staffed by Scots. The Syndicate also had stores in Rochester, Reading, Salem, Minneapolis, and Kansas City.14

Alexander Brown ~ 1764-1834 ~ Born in Ballymena, Ulster, of Scottish ancestry he founded the oldest investment bank in the United States in Baltimore in 1800, which still bears his name. He also began Brown Brothers in NY. Founded in 1818, Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. is the largest and oldest surviving private bank in America today.14,17

Angus Brown ~ Ancestor of Neil S. Brown. He was a Scot who fought in the Revolutionary War under Gen. Francis Marion.17

Brown, Bella ~ d/o Edward and Elizabeth (Brown) Brown. b. in Ohio ca. 1850.19

Brown, Charles ~ Father of Elizabeth Brown; married Isabel Kelly.19

Brown, Charles ~ Father of Helen, Jane, and Mary Brown who married John Andrew. He was born at Machrimore and was baptized 11 June 1778. His wife was Elizabeth Ralston b. ca. 1778 at Brecklate in that parish. The date of their marriage banns was 16 May 1801. Charles and Elizabeth eventually emigrated to the Scotch settlement as did their children and several of their daughters were married to the earliest pioneers. Charles died 14, Apr. 1850 and Elizabeth died 16 Dec. 1854. Both are buried at Argyle. IL.19

Brown, Edward ~ Father of Elizabeth and husband of Elizabeth Brown.19

Brown, Elizabeth ~ child of Alexander and Margaret (Brown) Brown. Married in Hamilton Co., Ohio, David Andrew; two children.19

Brown, Elizabeth ~ daughter of Edward and Elizabeth (Brown) Brown b. Cincinnati, Ohio in 1845, d. 1870.19

Elizabeth Brown ~ Mother of Elizabeth Brown and husband of Edward Brown.19

Dr. Gustavus Brown ~ b.1689 ~ Born in Dalkeith, he became a doctor. His son by the same name was born in Maryland in 1747 and was educated in medicine at Edinburgh University. His grandson, also a doctor, was called upon to attend President Washington in his last illness.1,14

Helen Brown ~ Mother of James Picken and wife of Alexander Picken. B. at Machrimore, Scotland and bapt. 17 Nov. 1781. Moved to Cincinnati, OH.19

Helen Brown ~ Wife of John Greenlee, b. at Machrimore, parish of Southend, bapt. 30 Aug. 1804. D. 18 Mar. 1865 bur. Scotch Cemetery. D/o Charles Brown and Elizabeth Ralston.

Hugh Brown ~ s/o James and Margaret (Andrew) Brown, b. Machrimore, 28 Sept. 1835, d. 2 Jan. 1910. Married Jane Ralston.19

Ivor Brown ~ 1891-1974 ~ One of the most influential critics in the history of British theater.14

James Brown ~ s/o James and Margaret (Andrew) Brown. B. at Machrimore, Scotland 10, Jan 1834, d. 1902.19

Jane Brown ~ wife of George Picken. b. at Machrimore, Scotland, 20 Dec. 1811, d. 10 Mar. 1895. Her parents were Charles and Elizabeth (Ralston) Brown. Children: Elizabeth, Mary, Janet, Archibald, Charles, Martha, Jane, Archibald, George, Ellen, John, Margaret, Sarah.19

John Brown ~ 1735-1788 ~ He wrote Elementa Medicinae in 1780. This work effectively discredited the widespread practice of bloodletting, thus creating a medical watershed.14

Dr. John Brown ~ Designed the Queen Mary and the Queen Elizabeth, ships built in the 1930's at John Brown & Company in Clydebank.14

John Brown ~ Medal of Honor Recipient - Civil War. Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy. Born: 1826, Scotland, Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern, Brown fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan. Internet

Margaret Brown ~ 1789-1874 ~ Wife of George Howison. she was born and married in Scotland before immigrating to America in 1832. She had one daughter by a previous marriage (no name is mentioned) and the daughter married Mr. Carr and they had one son, John.4

Mary Brown ~ Mother John Clarke Warbrick.11

N. H.Brown ~ Pastor/Married Robena J. M. French.4

Neil S.Brown ~ 14th Governor of Tennessee (1847-49). He was the grandson of Angus Brown.17

Robert Brown~~ 1773-1858 ~ In Australia, Montrose-born Brown is remembered as the "father" of that country's botany as a result of his work there in the early 19th century. He was the leading botanist of his time, discovering the cell nucleus and the haphazard "Brownian movement.".14

Robert Brown ~ Married Jane Irwin 1860.4

Taylor Everett Brown ~ lawyer; b. St. Louis, Mo., Jan. 22, 1860; s. Capt. Henry Stuart and Emma Jane (Taylor) Brown; ed. public and high schools, St. Louis, until 17 years old; learned trade of pattern-maker at Vulcan Iron Works, St. Louis; worked at trade until 1882; took partial law course at Union College of Law, Chicago, 1883; was patient office draftsman, 1883-4; m. 1st Chicago, Jan 30, 1888, Fannie Garrison Dayton (died Dec. 28, 1901); children: Melville S., Taylor G. (deceased), Charles Everett, Jessie Imogen, Dayton Reginald E., Fannie Susan; m. 2d, Nov. 3, 1904, Jessie May Catlin, Ripon, Wis., Admitted to bar, Mar., 1884; since 1887 mem. Poole & Brown, solicitors of U. S. and foreign letters patent for inventors, securing copyrights, registering trade-marks and labels, and attending to litigation in Supreme Court of U. S., U. S. Circuit Courts of Appeals, and other Federal courts. Served in Missouri N.G., 1877-80; then in I.N.G., as private, corporal, color-sergeant, lieut., capt. and major, until retired as maj.(at his own request), Nov. 1899; served in 1st Ill. Vol. Infy. and Provisional Battalion of Engineers in U. S., Cuba and Porto Rico in Spanish-Am War, 1898. Mem. Military Order Foreign Wars of U.S.; commander Illinois Commandery and treas.-in-chief Nat. Commandery Naval and Military Order Spanish-Am. War; mem. Veteran Corps, 1st Infy, I.N.G. Was first officer of U.S.A. to land in Porto Rico (Guanica) and was recommended for brevet maj. U.S. V., "for gallantry in action" by Gen. Miles, and name was sent to Senate by Pres. McKinley, etc. Episcopalian; St. Paul's Church, Hyde Park; mem. Mem's Club of Christ Church, Brotherhood of St. Andrew, sec and treas. Church Home for Aged Persons, incorporator and trustee Chicago Home for Convalescent Women and Children; pres. Nat. Conference of Church Clubs. Clubs: Chicago Athletic, Church; also me. Missouri Athletic Assn. Office: Marquette Bldg. Residence: 5136 Hibbard Av.20

Tufford Brown ~ b. 8/1858 ~ posted by Ken Renshaw on Saturday, March 1, 1997. James Oswald Brown, born in Edinburgh, Scotland lived in Chicago circa 1891. His wife, Edith Maud Tufford died 23 April 1891, leaving her 2 1/2 month old son, George Carlyle Brown. George was sent back to his mothers family in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada- I am trying to discover what became of James Oswald. He was supposedly a window dresser employed by Marshall Fields. It is also possible that his parents, James and Elizabeth, also lived in Chicago at the time. Internet

William Brown ~ 1752-1792 ~ He was born in East Lothian and immigrated to Alexandria VA. He served in the Revolutionary Army and was an acquaintance of Washington, Jefferson and Madison.1

Dr. William Brown ~ Scottish-American who compiled and wrote the first pharmacopoeia in America, published around 1790.14

William Bruce Brown ~ b. 1876 ~ V.P. Durand Steel Locker Co. Born Edinburgh, Scotland; son William and Margaret MacDougal (Reid) Brown; ed. pub. schools and Navigation School, Edinburgh; came to U.S. 1892; married Hinsdale IL 1905 Sara Morgan Gardner; 2 children: Gardner and Elizabeth MacDougal. Became identified with Durand Steel Locker co., mfrs of steel furniture 1906, as V.P., treasurer and gen. mgr. Mem. Chicago Assn. of Commerce. Republican. Served in 1st cal. U.S. Vols. in Philippines during the Spanish-Am. War and Philippine Insurrection. Mem. Nat. Soc. Army of the Philippines. Mason. clubs: Chicago Athletic, Hinsdale Golf. Recreations: golf and swimming. Residence: Hinsdale IL. Office 76 W. Monroe St.11

Robert Browning ~ 1812-1889 ~ English poet. His maternal grandmother was born in Scotland of German and, perhaps, some Scottish ancestry.14

Ailsa Mellon Bruce ~ Richest woman in New York and America in 1968, Fortune magazine.14

Alexander Campbell Bruce ~ b. 1835 ~ Of Scottish parentage, he designed a number of court-houses and other public buildings in Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Florida and North Carolina. Besides schools, libraries churches, hotels, etc. He easily became the foremost architect of the South.17

Sir David Bruce ~ 1855-1931 ~ He was an Australian of Scottish descent who discovered the causes of sleeping sickness and Malta fever. When he isolated the bacteria of Malta fever it was renamed Brucellosis after him, and the genus of bacteria causing it, Brucella.14

David, K. E. Bruce ~ Scottish-American who was Chief of the O.S.S. in the European theater during WWII.14

David Bruce ~ Poet who immigrated to Maryland in 1784 before settling in Pennsylvania. His work was widely read in newspapers of the day.1

George Bruce ~ 1781-1866) ~ Born in Edinburgh, along with his brother David, he introduced the art of stereotyping, the secret of which David secured in Edinburgh. In 1816 they purchased a foundry for type making and stereotyping and George Bruce in his seventy-eighth year of age produced type which has rarely been excelled for beauty of design and neatness of finish. "He did much toward facilitating American printing and toward making it a fine art, inventing, with the assistance of his nephew, David Bruce, Jr., a successful type-casting machine which has come into general use."17 (Note: No reference for "")

Hector Bruce ~ Died December 26, 1884; buried Rosehill Cemetery, Section E. Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.

James Bruce ~ 1730-1794 ~ A celebrated Scotch traveler who successively explored Syria, the Nile Valley, and Abyssinia (now Italian East Africa), and reached the source of the Blue Nile.5,14

James Bruce (eighth earl of Elgin) ~ Negotiated Britain's first treaty with Japan at Yeddo in 1858.14

James Bruce ~ Bruce and John F. Sinclair, left in August 1882 to head south from Manitoba across the trackless prairie and the unguarded 49th parallel to the town of Bottineau ND.1

James Bruce ~ Son of William Bruce, he was made Count Bruce by Peter the Great and his house near Moscow is now a Bruce family museum. In the 18th century, from 1781 to 1786, Count James Alexandrovitch Bruce was governor of Moscow (doesn't say what relation this is to James or William).14

Robert Bruce ~ (1274-1329) King of Scotland. He took part with Wallace in the revolt against Edward I, and at Bannockburn overthrew the English army and ultimately secured Scottish independence. He reigned 22 years as King Robert I.5

Robert Bruce ~ Settled in New England 1774. He was 34, a carpenter, and sailed on the Amherst.10

Robert Bruce ~ When John Jacob Astor arrived in New York in 1783, he found Robert Bruce to be the city's richest man.14

Thomas Bruce (seventh earl of Elgin) ~ In the early years of the 19th century, he presented the British Museum with what are now considered to be its jewels, the Elgin Marbles, which he brought from Greece at great personal expense. Not as well-known, Lord Elgin kept some of the marbles at his home near Dunfermline, where they remain to this day.14

Wallace Bruce ~ Orator of Hinsdale, NY. Supposed to be the orator at the opening of the Burns Memorial in Chicago but was unable to attend.

William Bruce ~ of Clackmannan. He immigrated to Russia in the 17th century. (See James Bruce, his son).14

William Spiers Bruce ~ 1867 - 1921 ~ Oceanographer and Polar Explorer. Studied medicine at Edinburgh University, and immediately thereafter became one of the first of his era to explore the Antarctic (1892). Leader of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition which discovered Coats Land (1902-04). Founded the Scottish Oceanographical Laboratory in Edinburgh (1907). Advised Scott (1912) that his supply dumps were too far apart to succeed!17

Richard HenryBrunton ~ 1841-1901 ~ born in Scotland, he went to Japan in 1868 as chief engineer in constructing almost 50 lighthouses. He also played a major role in developing the port and city of Yokohama.14

Benjamin Butters Bryan ~ Commercial Merchant/Illinois St. Andrew Society Member 1910. Mem. firm Logan & Bryan; married. Mem. Chicago Board of Trade, Chicago Stock Exchange. Clubs: Union League, Washington Park, Chicago Athletic, Glen View. Office: Board of Trade. Residence: 5124 Cornell Av. Moved to New York.11,20

Samuel M. Bryan ~ An American of Scotch-Irish ancestry, he introduced the Western postal system in Japan and served as postmaster general there for more than a decade.14

Margaret Bryce ~ Mother William Bryce Mundie.11

Cora Bryden ~ Wife of Hugh Ferguson.19

James Bryson ~ Married Mary Jane Ferguson, lived in Chicago, IL.19

Amanda Buchanan ~ Wife of James A. Patten (b.1852). She was the daughter of James and Sophronia Foster (Ballou) Buchanan, born in Cumberland, Ohio.4

Franklin Buchanan ~ 1800-74 ~ He was born in Baltimore and organized the Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1845. In 1853, he became the first American to set foot on Japanese soil (see Matthew Calbraith Perry). In 1861 as the only full Admiral and senior officer of the Confederate Navy, he was given command of the ironclad Virginia (previous called the Merrimac) but was wounded the day before and did not take part in the battle with the Monitor. Buchanan was of Scottish ancestry and before the war, in which he was twice wounded, had been the first superintendent of the U. S. Naval Academy. After the war, he became president of the Maryland Agricultural College, a bankrupt institution with only a handful of students, and turned it into the University of Maryland.1,14

George Buchanan ~ 1506-1582 ~ One of the greatest Scottish educators. He spent much time in France and became tutor to Michel de Montaigne. He as exercised great influence as tutor to Mary, Queen of Scots, and to her sons James VI and I, the founder of Great Britain, British American and the British Empire.14

George Buchanan ~ laid out the streets of Baltimore in 1730.14,17

Jack Buchanan ~ Actor and Scot.1

James Buchanan ~ 1791-1868 ~ Buchanan's grandparents were Ulster-Scot Presbyterians and he was born at Stony Batter, near Mercersburg PA and was the nation's 15th President serving under Jackson and Polk before being elected in 1856. In 1820, he was elected to Congress, serving successive terms by re-election for 10 years. In 1828 Andrew Jackson appointed him Minister to Russia; in 1834, he entered the U.S. Senate, serving there 12 years, where he declared against the right of the government to interfere with slavery in the states. He was appointed Secretary of State by President Polk where he negotiated the border of Canada and the U.S. at the 49th parallel. He was elected President in 1856; his cabinet contained men who supported the succession of South Carolina and eventually joined the Confederacy. He denied the right of succession but said the Federal government could not prevent it by force, and this unwillingness to take decisive action enabled the succeeding states to arm and prepare for war. He died in Lancaster, PA.1,5,14,17

John Buchanan ~ In the late 1700's, fifteen frontiersmen, their wives and children, hurried to Buchanan's station about four miles south of Nashville. Within hours they were under siege by a party of 400 Cherokees and Creeks. They managed to survive.1

Ken Buchanan ~ A Scot who boxed in trunks made in the beautiful tartan of his clan and was lightweight champion of the world in 1970.14

Patrick J. Buchanan ~ Scot and unsuccessful bidder for U.S. President.14

Thomas Buchanan ~ A cousin of the American president James Buchanan, he was the first governor of Liberia in 1836.14

Mattie Ellen Buchanan-Brooks ~ she wrote of the Buchanan Clan, originally from Stirlingshire who immigrated in the early 1700's to Buchanan County VA. They moved west from Virginia to Kansas in the mid 1800's. Her writing was of this move of 21 persons in the Clan.1

David Buchannan ~ One of the first residents of the Scottish Home.

John Buckanen ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

William F. Buckley, Jr. ~ Essayist, novelist and television personality is of largely Irish but partly Scottish ancestry.14

Ray Buckner ~ Author of Jessie Macmillan's biography.1

Don Budge ~ b. 1915 ~ He is, according to many experts, second only to Bill Tilden as the best tennis player ever. He was the first to gain the Grand Slam when he won in Australia, France, Wimbledon, and Forest Hills. In 1938, his father, Jack Budge, was a soccer star of the famous Glasgow Rangers who moved to California for his health and married the Scottish-American, Pearl Kincaid.14

William Budge ~ - Settled in Georgia 1775. Sailed on the Georgia Packet seeking better employment opportunities. He was 22, a joiner.10

Harper Buhler ~ b. 1886 ~ Husband of Mary Graham. Child Mary Annette b. 1920.4

David Dunbar Buick ~ 1854-1929 ~ He was born in Arbroath, Scotland. His father, Alexander Buick came to American when David was two years old. Alexander made a small fortune by inventing a process to heat-bind porcelain to iron to make white bathtubs. In 1902, David Buick organized the Buick Manufacturing Company to make automobiles, featuring an unprecedented valve-in-head engine. Because of Buick's advanced designs his firm soon had financial troubles and was forced to merge with another company. In doing so, David Buick lost control of the company. Buick was a craftsman who felt that each car was a unique invention. William Durant, general manager, believed in mass production and lower assembly costs. In 1906, Buick, at the age of 52 left the firm. A few years later it became General Motors. He died in Detroit in 1929 a pauper, forgotten both in America and Scotland.14 See April 1994 History Club Newsletter, page 1.

George C. Buik ~ b. 1890 ~ Native of Dundee, Scotland, he would organize a Robert Burns Society in Chicago. He emigrated to the United States in 1911 living first in Battle Creek, Michigan, where he worked for the Grand Truck Railroad. He soon moved to Rockford, Illinois, and in 1912 came to the Chicago area, living in Melrose Park. Upon his arrival in Chicago, he worked as a machinist at the American Can Company. After several years he became the business agent and organizer for the machinist union. He was a member of the union for 50 years. In 1921, Mr. Buik with his partner, Jack P. O'Connell, founded the Roscoe Overall Company. With a $200 deposit they rented the building at Southport and Roscoe Avenues, purchased second-hand equipment and began operation. Mr. Buik retained his job with the machinist's union and worked at developing the business at night and on week-ends. He once said that a smoke stack was his guide. Wherever there was a smoke stack there had to be workers with dirty clothes and someone had to wash them. The business prospered, and Mr. Buik gave up his job with the union and devoted his full efforts to the Roscoe Company. At the Chicago World's Fair in 1933 and 1934, his company supplied and laundered the uniforms for the personnel of the assembly plants for General Motors and for all the ride and maintenance crews. He established a profit sharing program for his employees in the early days of his business which brought him a great deal of personal satisfaction. In 1933, Mr. Buik was active in organizing the Institute of Industrial Launderers, a national organization with headquarters in Washington, D.C. He is the only man to have served four years as president of the institute. He was always interested in the educational process. He served on the Maywood School Board from 1927 to 1937 and was secretary to the Tri-County School Board for ten years. He was also a member of the Board of Trustees at Elmhurst College which awarded him the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters. Mr. Buik was President of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society in ----?

David Bulcanon ~ Prisoner sent to MA in 1652.10

Jessie Bull ~ Married Carlisle McCleery.4

Archibald Bulloch ~ d. 1777 ~ son of James, he was an ancestor of President Theodore Roosevelt, was Georgia's first colonial governor serving in 1776 and 1777 He was Commander of the State's forces and signed the first constitution of Georgia as President. He would have been one of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence had not official duties called him home.14

Irvine S. Bulloch ~ Descendant of James and uncle of Roosevelt's was Sailing Master of the Alabama when in battle with the U.S.S. Kearsarge.17

William B. Bulloch ~ 1776-1852 ~ Descendant of James, he was a lawyer and state senator from Georgia.17

James Bullock ~ Born in Scotland c. 1701, he emigrated to Charleston, SC c. 1728. In the following year he married Jean Stobo, daughter of the Rev. Archibald Stobo and was the first ancestor of the late President Roosevelt's mother.17

James DunwoodyBullock ~ Descendant of James, uncle of the late President Roosevelt, he was Lieutenant in the Confederate Navy and Confederate States Naval Agent abroad.17

Diana Bulman ~ Settled in Georgia 1775. Sailed on the Georgia Packet. Daughter of George & Elizabeth, she was 4.10

Elizabeth Bulman ~ Settled in Georgia 1775. Sailed on the Georgia Packet. Wife of George, she was 36.10

George Bulman -- Settled in Georgia 1775. Sailed on the Georgia Packet seeking better employment opportunities. He was 46, a carpenter.10

George Bulman ~ Settled in Georgia 1775. Sailed on the Georgia Packet. Son of George & Elizabeth, he was 5.10

William Bunten ~ Died February 21, 1908; buried Rosehill Cemetery, Sec. D, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew society.

Colonel James Burd ~ 1726-93 ~ Born at Ormiston, Midlothian, he took part with General Forbes in the expedition to redeem the failure of Braddock.17

Henry Burden ~ 1791-1871 ~ born in Dunblane, he was interested in steam navigation and organized a company to produce ships of as much as 18,000 tons to transport hundreds of passengers across the Atlantic in six to ten days. As his fortune grew, Burden became interested in philanthropy. He gave generously to many charitable enterprises and institutions. He died at Troy, New York, January 19, 1871. Burden was one of that rare breed of American immigrants who saw opportunity in American and took advantage of it. America and Burden both profited by the association. In 1834, Henry Burden invented and patented a new machine for making spikes which were used on the flat rails then being used by several railroads. Later, on a visit to England, he became convinced that the "T" and "H" rails would become more popular and on his return patented a new machine for making spikes. These would be the hook-headed spikes that are still in use today. A later version of his spike making machine was patented in 1857 and he considered it his greatest invention.

James Burden ~ b. 1833 ~ A graduate of Yale college and son of Henry Burden of Chicago, Burden was a celebrated iron-master and inventor. His horseshoe machine could take a plain bar of iron and in one heat, form it into a horseshoe. In the same process the nail holes would be made and the shoe completely finished. The machine could perform these functions at the rate of seventy per minute. Like his father, he was interested in social and public affairs. He gave generously to charitable and reformatory institutions. In 1880, 1888, and 1896, he was elected a presidential elector on the Republican ticket of the State of New York. From James C. Thomson, Scottish-American Hall of Fame.17

Alistair Burnet ~ The Economist magazine's award-winning editor.14

Sir MacFarlane Burnet ~ An Australian of Scottish ancestry, he won the 1960 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for the discovery of acquired immunological tolerance to tissue transplants.14

Sir Thomas Burnet ~ 1632-1715 ~ He wrote what was then the most celebrated medical textbook in Europe.14

William Burnet ~ Governor of New Hampshire in 1728-1729. He was also governor of New Jersey in 1720-1728. Governor of New York 1720-1728.14

David Burnett ~ President of the republic of Texas preceding Sam Houston.14

Robert Alexander Burnett ~ b. 1848 ~ Produce merchant. b. Kirkcudbright, Scotland; son of Robert and Elizabeth (Crowe) Burnett; ed. in Scotland; came to America 1867; married Kenosha, Wis., 1881, Mary Pearce. Engaged in farming 1867-70; gen. salesman 1870-5; organized firm of Connor, Burnett & Co., 1876; bought all interests of the firm 1880 and conducted general produce business as R. A. Burnett until 1892, when firm became R. A. Burnett & Co. Pres. Wholesale Fruit & Produce Assn. Independent in politics. Recreation: general reading. Residence: 5513 Drexel Av. Office: 173 W. South Water St.11

William Burnett ~ 1720, colonial governor. son of Gilbert Burnett, bishop of Salisbury.3

Frank Burns ~ 1844-1913 ~ An architectural draughtsman of Scottish Decent who designed many of the notable bridges of Philadelphia.17

George and James Burns ~ Glasgow minister's sons who were already shipping between Glasgow and Liverpool, helped to found with Samuel Cunard, Cunard Lines, in the 1830's.14

James MacGregor Burns ~ Noted political scientist and historical of Scotch-Irish descent.14

Robert Burns ~ 1759-1796 ~ Scottish Poet born in Ayrshire. His first volume of poems was published in 1786 and attracted immediate attention. Among other poems it included "To a Louse", "To a Mountain Daisy," and "The Cotter's Saturday Night." Among his later poems were "Highland Mary," "Duncan Gray," "O Wert Thou in the Cauld Blast," and "Tam o' Shanter." His spontaneous humor and sympathetic understanding have made Burns one of the best-loved poets in the English language.5 Burns birthday, January 25, is celebrated at hundreds of Burns dinners throughout the world. Even in China every poet knows his work and there Robert Burns is, "as close to a household name as any foreign writer has become." In 1984, Burns Nicht at the Beijing Central Drama Academy drew over 800 people.14

W. Altee Burpee ~ Founded Burpee Seeds. His mother, Lois Torrance, was born in Tiberias, Palestine, the daughter of a Presbyterian minister from Glasgow. Burpee copied the modest success of Scottish-American farmer John Rennie, who was the first to grow flower seeds in California's Lompoc Valley. Rennie, in turn, had planted his seeds at the suggestion of John Smith, a Scot who visited him in 1907. Today, the Lompoc Valley produces more than half the world's flower seeds.14

Raymond Burr ~ Better known to millions as Perry Mason, he was an American with Grant and Wallace ancestors.14

Thomas J. Burrell ~ Professor at Armour Institute of Chicago. Ulster-Scot whose father farmed in Stephenson Co. IL. Educated at State Normal, Normal IL in the 1860's. He received an appointment after graduation as botanist in one of the expeditions of J. W. Powell, to explore the Colorado River and Canyon.6

Charles Burt ~ c. 1823-92 ~ Born in Edinburgh, he died in Brooklyn. He was a pupil of William Home Lizars of Edinburgh and did some fine plates and portraits for books and for several years and was one of the chief engravers for the Treasury Department in Washington.17

John Burt ~ From Riccaton in Ayrshire. He was a poet who immigrated to US.1

Nynah Byers ~ Married Glen Irwin Havison.4

William Byers ~ He was Ohio-born and his family came to America before the Revolutionary War. He was editor of The Rocky Mountain News in Denver, CO in the mid-1850's.1

Harry Byng ~ 1856-1960 ~ Born in Glasgow, Harry sailed around the world seven times before coming to Washington State. He was a barber by trade and was, by royal appointment, hairdresser to King Kalagas of Honolulu. In 1887, he settled in Joquiam WA and married a French Huguenot girl from South Carolina. He died in a nursing home at 104 years of age.1

David Byrne ~ b. 1952 ~ He left design school in Rhode Island to help found the rock group "Talking Heads". He is one of the most influential musicians of the late 20th century, having been born in a tenement in Dumbarton.1,14

Ada Byron ~ In 1843, the daughter of the half-Scottish poet Lord Byron, wrote a list of instructions for a hypothetical computer theorized by the Englishman Charles Babbage, thus becoming the world's first computer programmer. In 1979, the U.S. Department of Defense named its new standardized computer language ADA in her honor.14

Lord George Gordon Byron ~ 1788-1824 ~ Half Scottish poet who burst onto the literary scene in 1812 with "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage." Even today, many Europeans consider Byron to have been England's greatest poet, Shakespeare included. He was the most famous Briton in the world in 1824, the year the Greeks asked him for help in their war of independence against the Turks. Byron, who had visited Greece previously and was enchanted by it, arrived with nine servants, a dozen small cannon and colorful military uniforms. All Europe was impressed and began to support the Greek cause and contribute money to it. When Byron died of fever he became a mythical figure, and his is one of the few foreign names bestowed upon Greek children.14

Wayne Rethford, President Emeritus
Illinois Saint Andrew Society
Scottish-American History Club
2800 Des Plaines Avenue
North Riverside, IL 60546