The Scottish American History Club Newsletter
John A. Logan College
Most people who live in Chicago are familiar with the
equestrian monument of General Logan located at 900 S.
Michigan Ave. The sculptor was Augustus Saint-Gaudens.
John Logan was born on February 9, 1826, in what is now
Murphysboro, Illinois. His father Dr. John Logan was a
close friend of Abraham Lincoln and Logan County is
named for him. In 1840, the future Commander-in-Chief of
the Grand Army of the Republic, was sent to Shiloh
Academy at Shiloh Hill, Illinois, to complete his
education. He excelled in oratory. In the 1850's Logan
attended Louisville University and married Mary S.
Cunningham at Shawneetown. He became the spokesman of
the pro-Southern area of Illinois often referred to as
When the Civil War began this man with
southern leanings decided that “the union must prevail.”
He quickly rose from colonel to major general. Fighting
in eight major campaigns, he distinguished himself at
Vicksburg and commanded the entire Union forces at the
Battle of Atlanta. As the war ended, he saved Raleigh,
North Carolina from being burned by angry Union troops.
“Many historians consider him the premier volunteer
general of the Civil War.”
After the war, Logan was elected to the U.S. Senate and
in 1884 was James G. Blaines’ vice-presidential running
mate. Logan died December 26, 1886, in Washington D.C.,
where he lies buried in Soldier Cemetery. “Logan’s fame
did not die with him as the towns and counties named for
him show. Fine statues were erected in Chicago and
Washington. Bronze plaques from Arlington Cemetery to
Denver attest to his role in establishing Memorial Day.”
The John A. Logan College is located in Centerville,
Illinois, eight miles west of Interstate 57 on Illinois
Route 13. The college has a web site and posted
enrollment for 2000 was almost 14,000 students with 765
full-time and part-time faculty and staff. The college
was accredited by the North Central Association of
Colleges and Schools in 1967. Tuition is among the
lowest in the state at $54 per semester hour.
On page 82 of the “Scots of Chicago” there is a
wonderful picture of six ladies about to take a ride in
a 1928 Studebaker. The back of the picture said that the
ladies were on their way to church and that the
automobile was given to the Scottish Home by John T.
Cunningham. Recently, in some of the old boxes, we found
the papers on the Studebaker and the information
contained in the picture is not totally correct.
The car was purchased on June 7, 1928 from the
Studebaker Sales Co. whose showroom was located at 2030
South Michigan Avenue. The cost was $1,640.00 including
the license application. It appears that some 38
individuals made donations and the largest was from John
T. Cunningham. There are some familiar names on the list
like: James Simpson, Mrs. J. B. Forgan, Jr., R. Douglas
Stuart, Gilbert Alexander, Robert Somerville, W. B.
Mundie, Charles R. Stuart, James Shepherd, and William
Lister. The car was to be delivered to 4700 W.
Washington Blvd. It is not noted who lived at this
address. The car was actually sold to Dr. W. F. Dickson,
6200 Kimbard, but it does indicate that automobile was
for the Scottish Old Peoples Home. A week later the oil
was changed at a cost of $2.00. When the book is
reprinted, we will correct this mistake and others as
Laurel Blair Salton Clark, M.D., USN
Navy Cmdr. Laurel Clark was born in Iowa. She was
the oldest of two girls and two boys. Her parents, Margory and Robert Salton divorced and her mother later
remarried Richard Brown and her family increased to
nine. The Browns moved to Racine, Wisconsin and became
friends with another family of eight. The female members
of these two family once took a pre-Christmas trip to
Chicago. They came by train, stayed at the Drake, went
to a show and ate in the Cape Cod room.
Laurel Clark attended school at the University of
Wisconsin and was a straight-A student. To help with
expenses she joined the Navy ROTC program. Her residency
in pediatrics was taken at the Bethesda Naval Hospital
and then she underwent diving training to become an
undersea medical officer. She was stationed with a
submarine squadron in Scotland, where she dived with
Navy Seals and performed medical evacuations from
submarines. “Clark met her husband at Navy dive school.
He proposed to her in Scotland, sealing her romantic
attachment to the land of her ancestors. Bagpipes played
at their wedding, and they gave their son a Celtic
Unable to serve on submarines because she was a woman,
Clark decided to become a flight surgeon which led
eventually to her becoming an astronaut. Her final
journey ended February 1, 2003, on the space shuttle
Columbia. The crew on Columbia was divided into “Blue”
and “Red” teams. On that fateful morning, the “Blue”
team was already working when the final wake up call was
given for Columbia. The music that morning had been
chosen by and dedicated to Laurel Clark. The final song
played in space was “Scotland the Brave” by the Black
Watch and the Band of the 51st Highland Brigade. On day
five, she had chosen “Amazing Grace” also by the Black
Watch and the Band of the 51st Highland Brigade. The
second number in her requested wake up call on the that
last morning of day 17 was the “Black Bear.” This
traditional pipe number is used by many Scottish
regiments to celebrate their return march back to the
On her 42nd birthday, Laurel Blair Salton Clark was
buried with full military honors at Arlington National
Cemetery. She was buried beside two other Columbia
Astronauts. The grave side service began with a “missing
man” formation by four military jets. Her husband, and
eight year old son, Ian, each placed a rose on the
casket and a piper played “Amazing Grace.”
God bless them all!
Today the Boston Marathon and New York City Marathon
are clearly the most important marathons in the country.
They both had rival athletic associations when
Caledonian Clubs were formed in the 1850's. The clubs
celebrated the ethnic traditions of immigrant Scots,
which included track and field sports. They were the
first social groups organized for staging athletic
competitions. Cincinnati, Ohio, claims that the first
Caledonian Club in the United States was formed in their
city in 1827. At one time Chicago had a very active club
which held annual picnics for their athletic events. We
do not know when it ceased to exist. The Caledonian
Clubs were at least semi-professional in an era when
professionalism meant more than simply payment.
Amateurism was also a social distinction that further
excluded the working-class athletes who joined the
Caledonian Clubs. Other clubs soon formed that
recognized members on the basis of wealth and social
position as much as athletic talent. The New York
Athletic Club and later the Boston Athletic Association
began the marathons as we know them today in 1897.
There are several Caledonian Clubs in the United States,
but the number is unknown. We are aware that New York
City has a Club (www.nycaledonian.org)
and San Francisco. Do you know of other
Caledonian Club in the United States?
Information taken from the Internet.
Update On Carnegie Libraries
We continue to collect information about Carnegie
Libraries in Illinois. We now believe that that 1,412
libraries in the United States received grants to build
their buildings. Indiana received the most at 155,
California was second with 121, and Illinois is third
with 105. Maryland and Nevada have one library each. The
Midwest region received a total of 633 libraries, the
Northwest 252, and the Far West 180. We have previously
mentioned that the City of Chicago has no Carnegie
On a recent trip to Jacksonville, Illinois, I visited
their beautiful Carnegie Library. The building has been
enlarged and made handicapped accessible, but the
original building remains intact. It is really a
magnificent building and the care and maintenance is
immaculate. In the lobby is a bust of Carnegie and
Robert Burns. The inscription says: “Robert Burns the
Scottish poet was commemorated about 1900 in this marble
bust by Robert Campbell Smith. Smith, a Scottish
immigrant came to Jacksonville in the 1850's where he
worked as a sculptor, painter, and stonemason. He made
the bust from a photograph of Naismith’s portrait.” More
information to follow in the next edition.
From Rothesay To Rothsay
1879 the town of Rothsay, Minnesota was a small town
slowly growing with the advent of the railroad. With the
railroad came many European immigrants looking for a
better way of life. Gary Wigdahl, author of "Twixt Hill
and Prairie" says a Scottish railroad official named the
town Rothsay. Most of the residents wanted to name the
town after the original town site proprietor, Christen Tanberg. “But the Scottish railway official, according
to available information, disregarded the wishes of the
townspeople and instead named the community after his
native town in Scotland. There is one hitch however,
Rothesay, Scotland contains an extra letter E that was
somehow left out of the spelling of the new Wilkin
County burg. Rothsay thus has the distinction of being
the only Rothsay in the world.”
Rothesay is located on the island of Bute and is
reached by a 25-minute ferry ride. Pronounced Rote-say
by the Scots it is the largest town on the island with
about 6,000 total residents. The Rothesay Castle is
unique because it has a circular plan and was built in
the 13th century. His Royal Highness Prince Charles is a
descendent of this family and is the present Duke of
Rothesay. You can get more information at
www.historic-Scotland.gov.uk (search for Rothesay.)
From Rothesay to
Rothsay, one Scottish railway official’s desire for his
hometown legacy brought with it more than a thousand
years of history to the prairies of Minnesota.
Our thanks to Mrs. J. A. Patterson for this article.
Pictured: Rothesay Castle
As the resident human in the home of Scottish Terrier
Molly McDoo, I found the Tribune story “At Kennel Club
event, a search for Worst in Show” to be a bit
disparaging of the Celtic pooches who are as tough and
independent but as loving and loyal as the Scottish
lands and the Scots who bred them. It is not for naught
that in the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial in
Washington, D.C., a 4-foot-high Fala joins his beloved
master in bronze. And now having met Barney Bush, who
shares the White House with President and Mrs. Bush, I
can assure you that Barney is a very socialized browser,
though a bit of a scamp.
But Scotties are not for everyone. They decide whom they
want to love and when and for how long. For those who
want a constantly loving and gushing pooch, that would
not be a Scottie. My Molly McDoo does parades, visits
schools, gets along with everyone but for what she
determines to be the appropriate time period. She is
especially fond of man and was even quite willing to
take in a little male pound dog. Andrew is now her fast
friend. All that one can say about all of this is, great
Judy Baar Topinka
Illinois State Treasurer
The above article was printed in the Chicago
Tribune on March 6, 2004. Judy Baar Topinka is
also a member of the Board of Governors of the Illinois
Saint Andrew Society.
A Conversation with Mr. Dooley
“Has Andhrew Carnaygie give ye a libry yet?” asked
Mr. Dooley. “Not that I know iv,” said Mr. Hennessy.
“He will,” said Mr. Dooley. “Ye’ll not escape him.
Befure he dies he hopes to crowd a libry on ivry man,
woman, an’ child in th’ counthry. He’s given thim to
cities, towns, villages, an’ whistlin’ stations. They’re
tearin’ down gas-houses an’ poor-houses to put up
libries. Before another year, ivry house in Pittsburg
that ain’t a blast-furnace will be a Carnaygie libry. In
some placees all th’ buildin’s is libries. If you write
him f’r an autygraft he sinds ye a libry.”
The Carnegie Libraries
From Judge William J. Bauer
The publisher of
Who’s Who in Scotland asked 3,000
prominent people in Scotland who was the greatest Scot
of all time. The poet Robert Burns won the greatest
Scottish honor. Burns won over Sir William Wallace and
King Robert the Bruce. Sir Alexander Fleming, who
discovered penicillin, won the Century award over John Logie Baird, inventor of television, and the poet, Hugh
James Blair (1665-1743) was the founder of the College
of William and Mary and was its first president. He
emigrated from Scotland in 1685.
John Macintosh, the developer of the Mackintosh red
apple, was born in New York State. His father came from
Inverness, Scotland. Apple computers have named a range
of computers after him.
Henry Wallace, the Secretary of Agriculture under F.D.R.,
was the grandson of a Scottish Presbyterian Minister.
His invention of a hybrid corn increased agricultural
production many times over.
William Morton, an American dentist who pioneered the
use of anesthesia was of Scottish descent.
John Kay and Samuel Bard founded the first medical
school in New York and called it
King’s College. They
both graduated from Edinburgh University.
Samuel Guthrie (1728-1848) was a distinguished scientist
of Scottish descent. He was one of the pioneers of
vaccination and discovered chloroform in 1831.