Father of Texas Independence
and Its First President
Sam Houston, the hero of Texas independence,
routed Mexican General Santa Ana at San Jacinto
in 1836 and declared Texas an independent
He become the first president of the state of
Texas and served in that capacity for two terms
during the years 1836-38 and 1841-44.
great-grandparents migrated from the Scottish
village of Houston by way of Ulster about 1730.
He was born March 2, 1793 in Virginia. At age 15
he was a frontiersman in Tennessee where he
lived with Cherokee Indians for three years.
■ He fought
under Andrew Jackson, became a congressman, and
later governor of Tennessee. Angry at the
conniving of government agents at the expense of
Cherokees, Houston fought them vigorously in
official circles. He became a lawyer and was
sent to Texas to negotiate treaties with the
He decided to stay in Texas and became involved
in the troubles brewing between the Anglo-Saxon
settlers and the Latin regimentation of the
Mexican government. War soon broke out and he
became a prominent military leader.
■ When Texas
was admitted to the Union as a state, Sam
Houston became one of the state's U. S.
Senators. He served as senator until 1859. He
spoke out frequently on behalf of the Indians.
This did not endear him with the Texas
legislature, and he was not re-elected.
to Texas, Houston again ran for governor and was
elected in 1859. With the Civil War about to
break out, he tried unsuccessfully to stop the
succession of Texas from the union.
■ Upon his
refusal to swear allegiance to the Confederacy
in 1861, he was deposed as governor. He died on
his farm near Huntsville, Texas, July 26, 1863.
Wayne Rethford, President Emeritus
Illinois Saint Andrew Society
Scottish-American History Club
2800 Des Plaines Avenue
North Riverside, IL 60546